mercury


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Related to mercury: mercury poisoning

Mer·cu·ry

 (mûr′kyə-rē)
n.
1. Roman Mythology A god that served as messenger to the other gods and was himself the god of commerce, travel, and thievery.
2. The smallest of the planets and the one nearest the sun, having a sidereal period of revolution about the sun of 87.97 days at a mean distance of 57.91 million kilometers (35.98 million miles) and a mean radius of approximately 2,440 kilometers (1,516 miles).

[Middle English Mercurie, from Old French, from Latin Mercurius.]

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Mercury

mer·cu·ry

 (mûr′kyə-rē)
n.
1. Symbol Hg A silvery-white poisonous metallic element, liquid at room temperature and used in thermometers, barometers, vapor lamps, and batteries and in the preparation of chemical pesticides. Atomic number 80; atomic weight 200.59; melting point -38.83°C; boiling point 356.62°C; specific gravity 13.546 (at 20°C); valence 1, 2. Also called quicksilver. See Periodic Table.
2. Temperature: The mercury had fallen rapidly by morning.
3. Any of several weedy plants of the genera Mercurialis and Acalypha.

[Middle English mercurie, from Medieval Latin mercurius, from Latin Mercurius, Mercury.]

mercury

(ˈmɜːkjʊrɪ)
n, pl -ries
1. (Elements & Compounds) Also called: quicksilver or hydrargyrum a heavy silvery-white toxic liquid metallic element occurring principally in cinnabar: used in thermometers, barometers, mercury-vapour lamps, and dental amalgams. Symbol: Hg; atomic no: 80; atomic wt: 200.59; valency: 1 or 2; relative density: 13.546; melting pt: –38.842°C; boiling pt: 357°C
2. (Plants) any plant of the euphorbiaceous genus Mercurialis. See dog's mercury
3. archaic a messenger or courier
[C14: from Latin Mercurius messenger of Jupiter, god of commerce; related to merx merchandise]

Mercury

(ˈmɜːkjʊrɪ)
n
(Classical Myth & Legend) Roman myth the messenger of the gods. Greek counterpart: Hermes

Mercury

(ˈmɜːkjʊrɪ)
n
(Celestial Objects) the second smallest planet and the nearest to the sun. Mean distance from sun: 57.9 million km; period of revolution around sun: 88 days; period of axial rotation: 59 days; diameter and mass: 38 and 5.4 per cent that of earth respectively

mer•cu•ry

(ˈmɜr kyə ri)

n., pl. -ries.
1. a heavy, silver-white, toxic metallic element, liquid at room temperature: used in barometers, thermometers, pesticides, pharmaceuticals, mirror surfaces, and as a laboratory catalyst; quicksilver. Symbol: Hg; at. wt.: 200.59; at. no.: 80; sp. gr.: 13.546 at 20°C; freezing point:−38.9°C; boiling point: 357°C.
2. this metal as used in medicine, in the form of various compounds, usu. for skin infections.
3. temperature: The mercury climbed to over a hundred today.
4. (cap.) the Roman god of commerce, thievery, eloquence, and science, and messenger to the other gods: identified with the Greek god Hermes.
5. (cap.) the planet nearest the sun, having a diameter of 3031 mi. (4878 km), a mean distance from the sun of 36 million mi. (57.9 million km), and a period of revolution of 87.96 days, and having no satellites.
6. any plant belonging to the genus Mercurialis, of the spurge family, esp. the poisonous, weedy M. perennis of Europe.
7. any of several common weeds with spinachlike leaves, esp. weeds of the goosefoot family.
8. a messenger.
[1300–50; Middle English Mercurie < Medieval Latin, Latin Mercurius, akin to merx goods]

mer·cu·ry

(mûr′kyə-rē)
Symbol Hg A silvery-white, dense, poisonous metallic element that is a liquid at room temperature. It is used to make thermometers and pesticides. Atomic number 80. See Periodic Table.
Word History Like a few other elements, mercury has a chemical symbol, Hg, that bears no resemblance to its name. This is because Hg is an abbreviation of the Latin name of the element, which was hydrargium. This word in turn was taken over from Greek, where it literally meant "water-silver." With this name the Greeks were referring to the fact that mercury is a silvery liquid at room temperature, rather than a solid like other metals. Similarly, an older English name for this element is quicksilver, which means "living silver," referring to its ability to move like a living thing. (The word quick used to mean "alive," as in the Biblical phrase "the quick and the dead.") The name mercury refers to the fact that the element flows about quickly: the name comes from the Roman god Mercury, who was the swift-footed messenger of the gods.

Mercury

The planet closest to the sun and the second smallest, with a diameter about two-fifths that of Earth. Mercury's surface is covered with mountains, craters, ridges, and valleys. It orbits the sun once every 88 days, the shortest amount of time for any planet. See Table at solar system. See Note at planet.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.mercury - a heavy silvery toxic univalent and bivalent metallic elementmercury - a heavy silvery toxic univalent and bivalent metallic element; the only metal that is liquid at ordinary temperatures
metal, metallic element - any of several chemical elements that are usually shiny solids that conduct heat or electricity and can be formed into sheets etc.
cinnabar - a heavy reddish mineral consisting of mercuric sulfide; the chief source of mercury
calomel, mercurous chloride - a tasteless colorless powder used medicinally as a cathartic
2.mercury - (Roman mythology) messenger of Jupiter and god of commerceMercury - (Roman mythology) messenger of Jupiter and god of commerce; counterpart of Greek Hermes
Roman mythology - the mythology of the ancient Romans
3.mercury - the smallest planet and the nearest to the sunMercury - the smallest planet and the nearest to the sun
solar system - the sun with the celestial bodies that revolve around it in its gravitational field
4.mercury - temperature measured by a mercury thermometermercury - temperature measured by a mercury thermometer; "the mercury was falling rapidly"
temperature - the degree of hotness or coldness of a body or environment (corresponding to its molecular activity)
Translations
زِئْبَقزِئْبَقٌ
Меркурий
rtuťMerkur
kviksølvMerkur
hidrargo
elavhõbeMercuriusMerkuur
elohopeaMerkurius
živaMerkur
higanyMerkúr
merkurius
kvikasilfurMerkúríus
メルクリウス水銀
수은
hydrargyrumMercurius
gyvsidabrisMerkurijus
dzīvsudrabs
rtęćMerkury
Merkúr
Merkurživo srebro
kvicksilverMerkurius
ธาตุปรอท
thuỷthủy ngân

Mercury

[ˈmɜːkjʊrɪ] N (Astron, Myth) → Mercurio m

mercury

[ˈmɜːkjʊrɪ] Nmercurio m, azogue m

mercury

[ˈmɜːrkjʊri] nmercure m

Mercury

nMerkur m

mercury

nQuecksilber nt

Mercury

[ˈmɜːkjʊrɪ] n (Astron, Myth) → Mercurio

mercury

[ˈmɜːkjʊrɪ] n (Chem) → mercurio

mercury

(ˈməːkjuri) noun
an element, a poisonous, silvery, liquid metal used especially in thermometers etc.

mercury

زِئْبَقٌ rtuť kviksølv Quecksilber υδράργυρος mercurio elohopea mercure živa mercurio 水銀 수은 kwik kvikksølv rtęć mercúrio ртуть kvicksilver ธาตุปรอท cıva thủy ngân 水银

mer·cu·ry

n. mercurio, metal líquido volátil;
___ poisoningenvenenamiento por ___.

mercury

n mercurio
References in classic literature ?
If she only had a servant or two it would be all right," said Amy, coming out of the parlor, where she had been trying to decide whether the bronze Mercury looked best on the whatnot or the mantlepiece.
a round-crowned fragment of a hat, like the cap of Mercury, and mounted on the back of a ragged, wild, half-broken colt, which he managed with a rope by way of halter.
But it is a blessed provision of nature that at times like these, as soon as a man's mercury has got down to a certain point there comes a revulsion, and he rallies.
I next boiled the thermometer, and got a most excellent result; the mercury went up to about 200 degrees Fahrenheit.
At last he spied her, but there was a sudden falling of his mercury.
He looked at the night, and shook himself to throw off an oppressive sensation of being clasped in the icy ribs of the air, for the mercury had descended below the familiar region of crisp and crackly cold and marked a temperature at which the numb atmosphere seemed on the point of congealing into black solidity.
Sancho was taken aback at the sight of them, nor did Don Quixote altogether relish them: the one pulled up his ass by the halter, the other his hack by the bridle, and they stood still, watching anxiously to see what all this would turn out to be, and found that the lights were approaching them, and the nearer they came the greater they seemed, at which spectacle Sancho began to shake like a man dosed with mercury, and Don Quixote's hair stood on end; he, however, plucking up spirit a little, said:
The barometer announced a speedy change, the mercury rising and falling capriciously; the sea also, in the south-east, raised long surges which indicated a tempest.
Surely the mercury did not trace this line in any of the dimensions of Space generally recognized?
The patron of The Young Amelia proposed as a place of landing the Island of Monte Cristo, which being completely deserted, and having neither soldiers nor revenue officers, seemed to have been placed in the midst of the ocean since the time of the heathen Olympus by Mercury, the god of merchants and robbers, classes of mankind which we in modern times have separated if not made distinct, but which antiquity appears to have included in the same category.
Look at Aegisthus; he must needs make love to Agamemnon's wife unrighteously and then kill Agamemnon, though he knew it would be the death of him; for I sent Mercury to warn him not to do either of these things, inasmuch as Orestes would be sure to take his revenge when he grew up and wanted to return home.
Julia had heard enough--for ox she had substituted Hercules, and for cat, she read the feathered Mercury.