messenger RNA


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Related to messenger RNA: DNA, ribosomal RNA

messenger RNA

n. Abbr. mRNA
The form of RNA that mediates the transfer of genetic information from the cell nucleus to ribosomes in the cytoplasm, where it serves as a template for protein synthesis. It is synthesized from a DNA template during the process of transcription.

messenger RNA

n
(Biochemistry) biochem a form of RNA, transcribed from a single strand of DNA, that carries genetic information required for protein synthesis from DNA to the ribosomes. Sometimes shortened to: mRNA See also transfer RNA, genetic code

messenger RNA


n.
a molecule of RNA that is synthesized in the nucleus from a DNA template and then enters the cytoplasm, where its genetic code specifies the amino acid sequence for protein synthesis. Abbr.: mRNA
[1960–65]

mes·sen·ger RNA

(mĕs′ən-jər)
See under RNA.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.messenger RNA - the template for protein synthesismessenger RNA - the template for protein synthesis; the form of RNA that carries information from DNA in the nucleus to the ribosome sites of protein synthesis in the cell
ribonucleic acid, RNA - (biochemistry) a long linear polymer of nucleotides found in the nucleus but mainly in the cytoplasm of a cell where it is associated with microsomes; it transmits genetic information from DNA to the cytoplasm and controls certain chemical processes in the cell; "ribonucleic acid is the genetic material of some viruses"
Translations
ARN messager
References in periodicals archive ?
Weissman co-discovered the ability of modified nucleosides in RNA to suppress activation of innate immune sensors and increase the translation of messenger RNA (mRNA).
Messenger RNA (mRNA) is a molecular cousin of DNA that carries information from the genetic code to protein-making machinery in cells.
13, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- Moderna Therapeutics today announced a license and collaboration agreement with Merck, known as MSD outside the United States and Canada, through a subsidiary, for the discovery and development of vaccines and passive immunity treatments against viral diseases using modified messenger RNA (mRNA).
A messenger RNA is a molecule that contains genetic information.
This particular riboswitch resides in the messenger RNA that carries instructions for the enzyme responsible for the production of glucosamine-6-phosphate, called GlmS.
The long-term clinical effects of soy protein containing various amounts of isoflavones on lipoproteins, mononuclear cell LDL receptor messenger RNA concentrations, and other selected cardiovascular risk factors are not well known.
The information contained in the DNA molecules gets transcribed into a message in another molecule called the messenger RNA.
This volume presents new research on messenger RNA (mRNA), the crucial mediating template between DNA and protein synthesis.
For the research, scientists developed a new technique to isolate messenger RNA from the parasite as it infects red blood cells.
Specifically, the invention relates to small interfering RNAs (siRNA) which are double-stranded RNAs that direct the sequence-specific degradation of messenger RNA in mammalian cells.
A little over half (648) were found in introns, sequences that are transcribed to messenger RNA but removed before the RNA is transcribed into proteins.
They reveal for the first time a new mechanism by which micro-RNA can stop the function of messenger RNA by literally cutting it in half, thus interfering with the normal function of messenger RNAs in gene expression.