The 'squire'--a term widely synonymous with the fool character--of the Brightwalton morris was Robert Brown, a yeoman farmer who, a poll book of 1768 tells us, was a freeholder with his own land and messuage
According to the book Historic Carmarthenshire Homes and their Families by Francis Jones, Gurrey Manor's original name was Glan y Gyrre, and was described in deeds as 'the capital messuage
called Glan y Gyrre'.
High House in Old Warwick Road, Rowington, Warwickshire, was described in 1743 as "a messuage
built by Richard Bethem Esq", messuage
being an ancient term for a dwelling house together with its outbuildings, curtilage and adjacent land.
56) George Henshawe had married Dorothy Villers, daughter of a gentry family, and Robert's arrangements of his copyhold lands in the early seventeenth century were concerned partly with appropriate provision for her: a cottage and garden in Fishpool Head, a messuage
and virgate, three cottages in Churchgate, and a messuage
or tenement in Baxtergate with the appurtenant bovate of land.
The jointure deed of February 11, 1568, was to be enforced "without the lawful lett impediment or deniall of the said Robarte Laystone his heires or assignes," meaning that Alice was to "have houlde and enioye All that messuage
called the crosse keyes .
Harris's first appearance in the Dulwich papers occurs in 1595 when he witnessed the bargain and sale of a share in a jointly held messuage
, from John Alleyn (Edward's brother) to Edward.
Agricultural productivity became part of the agenda for national prosperity, and it came to include the idea of both large farm and small plot: "Adaptable to the broad market represented by suburban prosperity, the ideal of the messuage
permitted a modern notion of private ownership, Lockean in cast, with a national memory of the cottage and its enclosed plot, and a convenient biblical precedent.
Many of the spurious words owe their existence to typographical errors or other mistakes: "One such is messuage
, a legal term used to describe a house, its land, and buildings.