metabolism

(redirected from metabolisms)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.

me·tab·o·lism

 (mĭ-tăb′ə-lĭz′əm)
n.
1. The chemical processes occurring within a living cell or organism that are necessary for the maintenance of life. In metabolism some substances are broken down to yield energy for vital processes while other substances, necessary for life, are synthesized.
2. The processing of a specific substance within a living cell or organism: iodine metabolism.

[From Greek metabolē, change, from metaballein, to change : meta-, meta- + ballein, to throw; see gwelə- in Indo-European roots.]

metabolism

(mɪˈtæbəˌlɪzəm)
n
1. (Biochemistry) the sum total of the chemical processes that occur in living organisms, resulting in growth, production of energy, elimination of waste material, etc. See anabolism, basal metabolism, catabolism
2. (Biochemistry) the sum total of the chemical processes affecting a particular substance in the body: carbohydrate metabolism; iodine metabolism.
[C19: from Greek metabolē change, from metaballein to change, from meta- + ballein to throw]
metabolic adj
ˌmetaˈbolically adv

me•tab•o•lism

(məˈtæb əˌlɪz əm)

n.
the sum of the physical and chemical processes in an organism by which its substance is produced, maintained, and destroyed, and by which energy is made available. Compare anabolism, catabolism.
[1875–80; < Greek metabol(ḗ) change (meta- meta- + bolḗ a throw) + -ism]
met•a•bol•ic (ˌmɛt əˈbɒl ɪk) adj.
met`a•bol′i•cal•ly, adv.

me·tab·o·lism

(mĭ-tăb′ə-lĭz′əm)
The chemical processes by which cells produce the substances and energy needed to sustain life. In metabolism, organic compounds are broken down to provide heat and energy, while simpler molecules are used to build complex compounds like proteins for growth and repair of tissues. Many metabolic processes are brought about by the action of enzymes.

metabolic adjective

metabolism

the chemical and physical processes in an organism by which protoplasm is produced, sustained, and then decomposed to make energy available. Also, Rare. metaboly. — metabolize, v.
See also: Change

metabolism

1. All of the chemical reactions taking place inside an organism.
2. The array of continuous chemical changes that maintain life in the body. See anabolism, catabolism.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.metabolism - the marked and rapid transformation of a larva into an adult that occurs in some animalsmetabolism - the marked and rapid transformation of a larva into an adult that occurs in some animals
hemimetabolism, hemimetaboly, hemimetamorphosis - incomplete or partial metamorphosis in insects
heterometabolism, heterometaboly - development of insects with incomplete metamorphosis in which no pupal stage precedes maturity
holometabolism, holometaboly - complete metamorphosis in insects
biological process, organic process - a process occurring in living organisms
2.metabolism - the organic processes (in a cell or organism) that are necessary for life
organism, being - a living thing that has (or can develop) the ability to act or function independently
cellular respiration, internal respiration, respiration - the metabolic processes whereby certain organisms obtain energy from organic molecules; processes that take place in the cells and tissues during which energy is released and carbon dioxide is produced and absorbed by the blood to be transported to the lungs
anabolism, constructive metabolism - the synthesis in living organisms of more complex substances (e.g., living tissue) from simpler ones together with the storage of energy
basal metabolism - the amount of energy required to maintain the body of an individual in a resting state
catabolism, destructive metabolism, katabolism, dissimilation - breakdown in living organisms of more complex substances into simpler ones together with release of energy
fat metabolism - a metabolic process that breaks down ingested fats into fatty acids and glycerol and then into simpler compounds that can be used by cells of the body
glycolysis - a metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars through a series of reactions to either pyruvic acid or lactic acid and releases energy for the body in the form of ATP
citric acid cycle, Krebs citric acid cycle, Krebs cycle, tricarboxylic acid cycle - in all plants and animals: a series of enzymatic reactions in mitochondria involving oxidative metabolism of acetyl compounds to produce high-energy phosphate compounds that are the source of cellular energy
biological process, organic process - a process occurring in living organisms
Translations
metabolismusmetabolizmus
stofskifte
aineenvaihdunta
metabolizam
anyagcsere
efnaskipti
代謝
신진대사
ämnesomsättning
กระบวนการเผาผลาญอาหาร
quá trình trao đổi chất
新陈代谢新陳代謝

metabolism

[meˈtæbəlɪzəm] Nmetabolismo m

metabolism

[mɪˈtæbəlɪzəm] nmétabolisme m

metabolism

nStoffwechsel m, → Metabolismus m

metabolism

[məˈtæbəˌlɪzm] nmetabolismo

metabolism

عَمَلِيَةُ الْأَيْضِ metabolismus stofskifte Stoffwechsel μεταβολισμός metabolismo aineenvaihdunta métabolisme metabolizam metabolismo 代謝 신진대사 metabolisme stoffskifte metabolizm metabolismo обмен веществ ämnesomsättning กระบวนการเผาผลาญอาหาร metabolizma quá trình trao đổi chất 新陈代谢

me·tab·o·lism

n. metabolismo, suma de los cambios fisicoquímicos que tienen efecto a continuación del proceso digestivo;
constructive ___anabolismo, asimilación;
destructive ______ destructivo, catabolismo;
basal ______ basal, el nivel más bajo del gasto de energía;
protein ______ de proteínas, digestión de proteínas y conversión de éstas en aminoácidos.

metabolism

n metabolismo; basal — metabolismo basal
References in classic literature ?
Some day the study of metabolism may progress so far as to enable us to accept structural changes proceeding from an intellectual or moral base.
After all, the mediaeval belief in the Philosopher's Stone which could transmute metals, has its counterpart in the accepted theory of metabolism which changes living tissue.
If such a creature were, by its own process of metabolism, to change much of its bulk for intellectual growth, we should at once arrive at a new class of creature--more dangerous, perhaps, than the world has ever had any experience of--a force which can think, which has no soul and no morals, and therefore no acceptance of responsibility.
A joint 2010 publication by MatTek and Procter & Gamble describes gene expression analysis of metabolisms in the 3D Epiderm in vitro model.
Metabolism refers to the entire cascade of enzymatic reactions that a compound undergoes when it interacts with body biology.
Our results add further credence to the concept that bone and energy metabolisms exert reciprocal regulations," wrote the authors.
The findings establish the skeleton as an endocrine organ that controls energy metabolism, which has important implications for the treatment of obesity and diabetes.
Because metabolism of some chemicals can result in toxic by-products, people with rapid metabolisms could be more quickly accumulating toxic compounds in the body.
NAT2 also plays a role in metabolism of various drugs and toxic chemicals, including aromatic amines, a class of chemicals used in the production of epoxies and dyes.
Weight training, or resistance training as some call it, helps rev up people's metabolisms because it builds lean body mass, which burns more calories in a day.
Barrick and Showers contend that isotopic tests can tell warm-blooded from cold-blooded metabolisms.
Bakker claimed that all dinosaurs were "automatic" endotherms - animals with fast, stable metabolisms that supply enough internal heat to keep their body temperatures constant.