metabolism(redirected from metabolisms)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
1. The chemical processes occurring within a living cell or organism that are necessary for the maintenance of life. In metabolism some substances are broken down to yield energy for vital processes while other substances, necessary for life, are synthesized.
2. The processing of a specific substance within a living cell or organism: iodine metabolism.
1. (Biochemistry) the sum total of the chemical processes that occur in living organisms, resulting in growth, production of energy, elimination of waste material, etc. See anabolism, basal metabolism, catabolism
2. (Biochemistry) the sum total of the chemical processes affecting a particular substance in the body: carbohydrate metabolism; iodine metabolism.
[C19: from Greek metabolē change, from metaballein to change, from meta- + ballein to throw]
me•tab•o•lism(məˈtæb əˌlɪz əm)
the sum of the physical and chemical processes in an organism by which its substance is produced, maintained, and destroyed, and by which energy is made available. Compare anabolism, catabolism.
met•a•bol•ic (ˌmɛt əˈbɒl ɪk) adj.
The chemical processes by which cells produce the substances and energy needed to sustain life. In metabolism, organic compounds are broken down to provide heat and energy, while simpler molecules are used to build complex compounds like proteins for growth and repair of tissues. Many metabolic processes are brought about by the action of enzymes.
the chemical and physical processes in an organism by which protoplasm is produced, sustained, and then decomposed to make energy available. Also, Rare. metaboly. — metabolize, v.See also: Change
1. All of the chemical reactions taking place inside an organism.
Switch to new thesaurus
|Noun||1.||metabolism - the marked and rapid transformation of a larva into an adult that occurs in some animals|
heterometabolism, heterometaboly - development of insects with incomplete metamorphosis in which no pupal stage precedes maturity
|2.||metabolism - the organic processes (in a cell or organism) that are necessary for life|
organism, being - a living thing that has (or can develop) the ability to act or function independently
cellular respiration, internal respiration, respiration - the metabolic processes whereby certain organisms obtain energy from organic molecules; processes that take place in the cells and tissues during which energy is released and carbon dioxide is produced and absorbed by the blood to be transported to the lungs
anabolism, constructive metabolism - the synthesis in living organisms of more complex substances (e.g., living tissue) from simpler ones together with the storage of energy
basal metabolism - the amount of energy required to maintain the body of an individual in a resting state
catabolism, destructive metabolism, katabolism, dissimilation - breakdown in living organisms of more complex substances into simpler ones together with release of energy
fat metabolism - a metabolic process that breaks down ingested fats into fatty acids and glycerol and then into simpler compounds that can be used by cells of the body
glycolysis - a metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars through a series of reactions to either pyruvic acid or lactic acid and releases energy for the body in the form of ATP
citric acid cycle, Krebs citric acid cycle, Krebs cycle, tricarboxylic acid cycle - in all plants and animals: a series of enzymatic reactions in mitochondria involving oxidative metabolism of acetyl compounds to produce high-energy phosphate compounds that are the source of cellular energy
quá trình trao đổi chất
metabolism[meˈtæbəlɪzəm] N → metabolismo m
metabolism[mɪˈtæbəlɪzəm] n → métabolisme m
metabolism[məˈtæbəˌlɪz/əm] n → metabolismo
metabolism→ عَمَلِيَةُ الْأَيْضِ metabolismus stofskifte Stoffwechsel μεταβολισμός metabolismo aineenvaihdunta métabolisme metabolizam metabolismo 代謝 신진대사 metabolisme stoffskifte metabolizm metabolismo обмен веществ ämnesomsättning กระบวนการเผาผลาญอาหาร metabolizma quá trình trao đổi chất 新陈代谢
n. metabolismo, suma de los cambios fisicoquímicos que tienen efecto a continuación del proceso digestivo;
constructive ___ → anabolismo, asimilación;
destructive ___ → ___ destructivo, catabolismo;
basal ___ → ___ basal, el nivel más bajo del gasto de energía;
protein ___ → ___ de proteínas, digestión de proteínas y conversión de éstas en aminoácidos.