Preliminary results show the alternative fumigants were just as effective as methyl bromide
at suppressing grass weeds and at controlling nematodes, but that the effectiveness of Paladin was reduced when it was used year after year.
Updating the 2002 report, this 2006 report summarizes the current status and what has been achieved, what is left to be achieved, and the way forward with regard to curbing the impact of chemicals, foams, halons, medical applications, methyl bromide
, refrigeration and air conditioning and heat pumps.
(MB) is a broad-spectrum fumigant that serves as an insecticide, nematicide, herbicide, and fungicide for agricultural soils (Spreen, VanSickle, Moseley, Deepak, & Mathers, 1995); raw and processed foodstuffs (Bond, 1989); and structures (Mueller, 1990).
It defines precautionary measures to regulate and gradually phase out, according to a set timetable, all emissions of substances that lead to the depletion of the ozone layer including chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), methyl bromide
The company will also use funds for continued development and launch of a biofumigant product as an alternative to methyl bromide
Under the terms of the Montreal Protocol, all use of methyl bromide
should have ceased by January 1, 2005, but 16 countries requested derogations to allow them time to find suitable replacements products.
Some of the problems which have occurred have been a result of residues remaining from the use of the sterilant methyl bromide
Prostate cancer risk also appears to be elevated among the workers with exposure to high doses of methyl bromide
, which is used to fumigate soil and stored grains, the researchers report in the May American Journal of Epidemiology.
The Virgin Islands pest control company illegally applied fumigants containing methyl bromide
in multiple residential locations in the U.
Last year, 2016, marked the final phaseout of methyl bromide
for use in strawberry production.
is extensively used by farmers in tunnel farming, but it has been implicated in the depletion of the ozone layer because it has high ozone depleting potential (Bell et al.
In Grenada, methyl bromide
was used in the fumigation of nutmeg until around 1995 and then was discontinued due to a national ban.