micro-organism


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micro-organism

A very small organism, e.g. a protist or bacterium.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.micro-organism - any organism of microscopic sizemicro-organism - any organism of microscopic size  
organism, being - a living thing that has (or can develop) the ability to act or function independently
animal, animate being, beast, creature, fauna, brute - a living organism characterized by voluntary movement
plant life, flora, plant - (botany) a living organism lacking the power of locomotion
monad - (biology) a single-celled microorganism (especially a flagellate protozoan)
intestinal flora - harmless microorganisms (as Escherichia coli) that inhabit the intestinal tract and are essential for its normal functioning
virus - (virology) ultramicroscopic infectious agent that replicates itself only within cells of living hosts; many are pathogenic; a piece of nucleic acid (DNA or RNA) wrapped in a thin coat of protein
moneran, moneron - organisms that typically reproduce by asexual budding or fission and whose nutritional mode is absorption or photosynthesis or chemosynthesis
bacteria, bacterium - (microbiology) single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-shaped organisms lacking chlorophyll that reproduce by fission; important as pathogens and for biochemical properties; taxonomy is difficult; often considered to be plants
microbe, germ, bug - a minute life form (especially a disease-causing bacterium); the term is not in technical use
pathogen - any disease-producing agent (especially a virus or bacterium or other microorganism)
protoctist - any of the unicellular protists
protist, protistan - free-living or colonial organisms with diverse nutritional and reproductive modes
pilus - hairlike structure especially on the surface of a cell or microorganism
virulence, virulency - extreme harmfulness (as the capacity of a microorganism to cause disease); "the virulence of the plague"
transmitter, vector - any agent (person or animal or microorganism) that carries and transmits a disease; "mosquitos are vectors of malaria and yellow fever"; "fleas are vectors of the plague"; "aphids are transmitters of plant diseases"; "when medical scientists talk about vectors they are usually talking about insects"
microflora - microscopic plants; bacteria are often considered to be microflora
bacteremia, bacteriaemia, bacteriemia - transient presence of bacteria (or other microorganisms) in the blood
References in periodicals archive ?
Prof Black said: "We will be finding out which proteins a micro-organism uses when it is trying to degrade plants.
A 425 million-year-old micro-organism found in salt in a remote part of the US is 4,000 times older than the earliest DNA found so far.
On plan, the building looks like a micro-organism, with small cells (a Japanese room, kitchen, entrance hall, lavatories and storage) clustered around the northern half of a big ovoid (the main hall).
states last summer to halt the mosquito-borne West Nile virus, a disease-causing micro-organism that has so far killed eight people in New York and New Jersey.
This class of micro-organism promotes corrosion by depolarizing the cathode, upsetting the operation of the cathodic protection system, lowering the pH, and producing hydrogen sulfide that can cause cracking and blistering of steels.
The foreign gene construct which encodes a particular protein can be read and expressed in the host micro-organism only if it has been successfully integrated in the host cell genome and the gene construct includes "control regions" to guide the beginning and end of the reading process.
The results released by the CDC indicated that the flight attendant definitely transmitted the TB micro-organism to other flight crew members.
If there is an increase in micro-organism activity, then a typical infection occurs.
With DSM s bright science in the micro-organism field, we can help address this global challenge together with Syngenta and its specialized know-how and market access.
Smartphones contain the same germs in the human body and hence, this could be used as a non-invasive diagnostic tool for doctors to check for a dangerous micro-organism in their patients.
Using the database, scientists can enter data such as a type of micro-organism, with the temperature, acidity and available water within food, and then retrieve data on a pathogen's likely behaviour.
The micro-organism causing the infection lives in pigeon droppings and eucalyptus trees.