crop disease, pests, topography and microclimatic
There are microclimatic
conditions in Trifinio that create climatic hazards: drought, high temperatures, erratic rainfall distribution and others.
This leaf monitor measures the leaf surface temperature as well as microclimatic
variables that affect leaf surface temperature, including air temperature, wind speed, relative humidity, and light level.
2011), and that can be caused to the microclimatic
conditions of the pond, water exchange, pellet supply, substrate conditions and prey availability.
MCMS offers comprehensive microclimatic
data measurements for EPA criteria pollutants for air quality, such as particulate matter, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, nitric oxide, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide and ozone.
This is related to a combination of factors including their physiology (Falk and Dotan 2008) and the various microclimatic
environments where they often play, such as parks with surface materials that increase radiative heat fluxes and have greater air temperatures (Vanos 2015).
In particular, microclimatic
aridity has been implicated as a major evolutionary force on adaptive molecular and organismal evolution in the EC (Nevo, 1991; 1995).
measurements were taken from January to July 2013 in 15-min intervals from 08:30 to 16:00.
Accordingly, both environments, forest and bamboo have particular microclimatic
conditions and plant community structure at the understory level.
Cutting of the vegetation triggers a marked change in its nutritional value (Smith and Capinera 2005) and microclimatic
conditions (Stebaev and Nikitina 1976), affecting the habitat potential for orthopterans.
It is a complex combination of art and science incorporating spatial, functional, ecological, microclimatic
and aesthetic considerations.
Canaday (1996) lists other factors that make understory insectivores highly susceptible to habitat disturbances, such as changes in microclimatic
conditions affecting the abundance and distribution of their prey species, high ecological specialization, fluctuations in predation rates as mortality source for these birds, and competition from opportunistic, disturbance-tolerant omnivores, and general patchy distribution (Robinson, Brawn & Robinson, 2000).