Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.


A small, representative system having analogies to a larger system in constitution, configuration, or development: "He sees the auto industry as a microcosm of the U.S. itself" (William J. Hampton).

[Middle English microcosme, a human considered as a little universe, from Middle French, from Old French, from Late Latin mīcrocosmus, from Greek mīkros kosmos : mīkros, small + kosmos, world, order.]

mi′cro·cos′mic (-kŏz′mĭk), mi′cro·cos′mi·cal (-mĭ-kəl) adj.
mi′cro·cos′mi·cal·ly adv.


in a microcosmic manner
References in periodicals archive ?
Looking at the matter macrocosmically and microcosmically the picture becomes comprehensible when one comes out of one's self, stands impartial and sees the "other" in his/her own situation; and also, when one comes out of his/her geographical set-up and judges others from the standpoint of his/her situations.
This is like a microbial version of the universe where everything is microcosmically attached and connected to the thing that is smaller to the point of nothingness.
The history of chemistry microcosmically demonstrates this trend towards disciplinary coherence.
While, microcosmically, it means rectification of injustice in personal relations between people; social justice in its macrocosmic form indicates complex and dynamic social change, in the edifice of a welfare state, aimed at: harmonizing rival claims and interests of different groups, and reconciling individual conduct with general social welfare; removing social, economic and political imbalances (and all forms of inequalities) from social order; and/or providing distributive justice and proportional equality to all, especially the deprived sections of society (Lahoti 2004, p.
However, microcosmically, it may also be not the body politic but the body somantic of the poet; the garret the Brain/Mind/Soul (Dickinson uses these terms synonymously and interchangeably in many of her poems).
Here, nature gets addressed at a more formal and idealized distance, while the prosaic gets microcosmically naturalized.
6) The idea that the emperor's physique microcosmically embodies the body politic ultimately derives from the Chinese notion of zishen ziguo [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] ("own body, own country").
There is a sense in which the mother and babies, speaking microcosmically of new life and, by implication, of deaths to come, are one with the cycles of death and renewal in macrocosmic nature.
No one at all familiar with the traditional Indian or Greek psychology will doubt that the City of Wooden Automata is macrocosmically the world and microcosmically man--the man whose "person", puru-sa, is so called because of his being the cit-izen in every pol-itical "body" .
Microcosmically, The Apprentice shows that the line dividing losers from barely more impressive winners can sometimes be alarmingly thin.
Jeremy Haselock has suggested that the garden is 'an intense distillation of the notion of landscape'; its elements quietly and microcosmically declare the essence of multiple natural forms in a manner that encourages diverse interpretations.