mineral


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min·er·al

 (mĭn′ər-əl)
n.
1. A naturally occurring, homogeneous inorganic solid substance having a definite chemical composition and characteristic crystalline structure, color, and hardness.
2. Any of various natural substances, as:
a. An element, such as gold or silver.
b. An organic derivative, such as coal or petroleum.
c. A substance, such as stone, sand, salt, or coal, that is extracted or obtained from the ground or water and used in economic activities.
3. A substance that is neither animal nor vegetable; inorganic matter.
4. An inorganic element, such as calcium, iron, potassium, sodium, or zinc, that is essential to the nutrition of humans, animals, and plants.
5. An ore.
6. Chiefly British
a. minerals Mineral water.
b. A soft drink.
adj.
1. Of or relating to minerals: a mineral deposit.
2. Impregnated with minerals.

[Middle English, from Medieval Latin minerāle, from neuter of minerālis, pertaining to mines, from Old French miniere, mine, from mine; see mine1.]

mineral

(ˈmɪnərəl; ˈmɪnrəl)
n
1. (Minerals) any of a class of naturally occurring solid inorganic substances with a characteristic crystalline form and a homogeneous chemical composition
2. any inorganic matter
3. (Mining & Quarrying) any substance obtained by mining, esp a metal ore
4. (Cookery) (often plural) Brit short for mineral water
5. (Cookery) Brit a soft drink containing carbonated water and flavourings. Usual US word: soda
adj
(Minerals) of, relating to, containing, or resembling minerals
[C15: from Medieval Latin minerāle (n), from minerālis (adj); related to minera mine, ore, of uncertain origin]

min•er•al

(ˈmɪn ər əl, ˈmɪn rəl)

n.
1. any of a class of substances occurring in nature, usu. comprising inorganic substances, as quartz or feldspar, of definite chemical composition and usu. of definite crystal structure, but sometimes also including rocks formed by these substances as well as certain natural products of organic origin, as asphalt or coal.
2. a substance obtained by mining, as ore.
3. any substance that is neither animal nor vegetable.
4. any of the inorganic elements, as calcium, iron, magnesium, potassium, or sodium, that are essential to the functioning of the human body and are obtained from foods.
5. minerals, Brit. mineral water.
adj.
6. of, pertaining to, or of the nature of a mineral.
7. containing or impregnated with minerals.
8. neither animal nor vegetable; inorganic: mineral matter.
[1375–1425; late Middle English < Middle French, Old French mineral < Medieval Latin minerāle (n.), minerālis (adj.) =miner(a) mine, ore (see mine2) + -āle, -ālis -al1]

min·er·al

(mĭn′ər-əl)
1. A naturally occurring, solid, inorganic element or compound having a uniform composition and a specific crystal structure. Minerals typically have a characteristic hardness and color, or range of colors, by which they can be recognized.
2. A natural substance of commercial value, such as iron ore, coal, or petroleum, that is obtained by mining, quarrying, or drilling.

mineral

  • diamond - Developed from adamant—the name of the hardest stone or mineral of ancient times—from Latin adamans, from Greek adamas, "invincible" (a-, "not," and daman, "to tame").
  • Formica - Got its name from being created as a substitute "for mica," a mineral.
  • mineral - Etymologically "something obtained by mining," from Latin minera, "ore."
  • snow - Technically a mineral, it is Teutonic in origin, from an Indo-European root shared by the Latin words niv-/nix and Greek nipha; the spelling snow first appeared in English around 1200.

mineral

A natural inorganic substance with distinct chemical composition and internal structure.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.mineral - solid homogeneous inorganic substances occurring in nature having a definite chemical compositionmineral - solid homogeneous inorganic substances occurring in nature having a definite chemical composition
material, stuff - the tangible substance that goes into the makeup of a physical object; "coal is a hard black material"; "wheat is the stuff they use to make bread"
ader wax, earth wax, mineral wax, ozocerite, ozokerite - a waxy mineral that is a mixture of hydrocarbons and occurs in association with petroleum; some varieties are used in making ceresin and candles
amblygonite - a white or grey mineral consisting of lithium aluminum phosphate; a source of lithium
amphibole - a mineral or mineral variety belonging to the amphibole group
amphibole group - a group of minerals with similar crystal structures containing a silicate chain and combinations of chiefly sodium and calcium and magnesium and iron and aluminum
apatite - a common complex mineral consisting of calcium fluoride phosphate or calcium chloride phosphate; a source of phosphorus
aragonite - a mineral form of crystalline calcium carbonate; dimorphic with calcite
argentite - a valuable silver ore consisting of silver sulfide (Ag2S)
argyrodite - a rare steel-grey mineral consisting of silver and germanium and sulfur
arsenopyrite, mispickel - a silver-white or grey ore of arsenic
mineral pitch, asphalt - a dark bituminous substance found in natural beds and as residue from petroleum distillation; consists mainly of hydrocarbons
augite - dark-green to black glassy mineral of the pyroxene group containing large amounts of aluminum and iron and magnesium
baddeleyite - a mineral consisting of zirconium oxide
bastnaesite, bastnasite - a yellow-to-brown mineral that is a source of rare earth elements
bauxite - a clay-like mineral; the chief ore of aluminum; composed of aluminum oxides and aluminum hydroxides; used as an abrasive and catalyst
beryl - the chief source of beryllium; colored transparent varieties are valued as gems
borax - an ore of boron consisting of hydrated sodium borate; used as a flux or cleansing agent
bornite, peacock ore - a mineral consisting of sulfides of copper and iron that is found in copper deposits
carnallite - a white or reddish mineral consisting of hydrous chlorides of potassium and magnesium; used as a fertilizer and as a source of potassium and magnesium
cassiterite - a hard heavy dark mineral that is the chief source of tin
celestite - a mineral consisting of strontium sulphate
cerussite, white lead ore - a mineral consisting of lead carbonate that is an important source of lead
chalcocite, copper glance - a heavy grey mineral that is an ore of copper
chalcopyrite, copper pyrites - a yellow copper ore (CuFeS2) made up of copper and iron sulfide
chlorite - a generally green or black mineral; it occurs as a constituent of many rocks typically in the form of a flat crystal
chromite - a brownish-black mineral; the major source of chromium
chrysoberyl - a rare hard yellow green mineral consisting of beryllium aluminate in crystal form; used as a gemstone
cinnabar - a heavy reddish mineral consisting of mercuric sulfide; the chief source of mercury
cobaltite - a rare silvery-white mineral; important ore of cobalt
halite, rock salt - naturally occurring crystalline sodium chloride
coltan, columbite-tantalite - a valuable black mineral combining niobite and tantalite; used in cell phones and computer chips
cordierite - a blue mineral of magnesium and iron and aluminum and silicon and oxygen; often used as a gemstone
corundom, corundum - very hard mineral used as an abrasive
cristobalite - a white mineral consisting of silica; found in volcanic rocks
crocolite - a rare lead chromite mineral that forms bright orange crystals
cryolite, Greenland spar - a white mineral consisting of fluorides of aluminum and sodium; a source of fluorine
cuprite - a mineral consisting of cuprous oxide that is a source of copper
bitter spar, dolomite - a light colored mineral consisting of calcium magnesium carbonate; a source of magnesium; used as a ceramic and as fertilizer
earth color - a colored mineral used as a pigment
emery - a hard grey-black mineral consisting of corundum and either hematite or magnetite; used as an abrasive (especially as a coating on paper)
cobalt bloom, erythrite - a reddish mineral consisting of hydrated cobalt arsenate in monoclinic crystalline form and used in coloring glass; usually found in veins bearing cobalt and arsenic
fergusonite - a dark mineral consisting of oxides of yttrium and erbium and tantalum and other minerals
fluor, fluorite, fluorspar - a soft mineral (calcium fluoride) that is fluorescent in ultraviolet light; chief source of fluorine
gadolinite, ytterbite - a mineral that is a source of rare earths; consists of silicates of iron and beryllium and cerium and yttrium and erbium
Adj.1.mineral - relating to minerals; "mineral elements"; "mineral deposits"
2.mineral - composed of matter other than plant or animal; "the inorganic mineral world"
inorganic - lacking the properties characteristic of living organisms

mineral

noun

Minerals

actinolite, agate, albite, allanite, allophane, alunite, amalgam, amblygonite, analcite or analcime, anatase, andalusite, andesine, anglesite, anhydrite, ankerite, annabergite, anorthite, apatite, apophyllite, aragonite, argentite, arsenopyrite, augite, autunite, axinite, azurite, baddeleyite, barytes, bastnaesite or bastnasite, bauxite, beryl, biotite, bismuthinite or bismuth glance, Boehmite, boracite, borax, bornite, braunite, brookite, calaverite, calcite, carnallite, carnotite, cassiterite, celestite or celestine, cerargyrite, chabazite, chalcanthite, chalcocite, chalcopyrite, chlorite, chromite, chrysoberyl, chrysotile, cinnabar, clay mineral, cleveite, clinopyroxene, cobaltite or cobaltine, colemanite, columbite, cordierite, corundum, cristobalite, crocidolite, crocoite or crocoisite, cryolite, cuprite, cyanite, datolite, diallage, diamond, diaspore, diopside, dioptase, dolomite, dumortierite, emery, enstatite, epidote, erythrite, euxenite, fayalite, feldspar or felspar, feldspathoid, fluorapatite, fluorspar, fluor or (U.S. & Canad.) fluorite, forsterite, franklinite, gahnite, galena or galenite, garnet, garnierite, gehlenite, germanite, geyserite, gibbsite, glauconite, goethite or göthite, graphite, greenockite, gummite, gypsum, halite, harmotome, hematite or haematite, hemimorphite, hessite, heulandite, hiddenite, hornblende, hyacinth, hypersthene, illite, ilmenite, jadeite, jarosite, jasper, kainite, kaolinite, kernite, kieserite, kunzite, labradorite, lapis lazuli, lazulite, lazurite, leucite, limonite, magnesite, magnetite, malachite, manganite, marcasite, margarite, massicot, meerschaum, metamict, mica, microcline, millerite, mimetite, molybdenite, monazite, montmorillonite, monzonite, mullite, muscovite, natrolite, nepheline or nephelite, nephrite, niccolite, norite, oligoclase, olivenite, olivine, opal, orpiment, orthoclase, ozocerite or ozokerite, pentlandite, periclase, perovskite, petuntse or petuntze, phenacite or phenakite, phosgenite, phosphorite, piedmontite, pinite, pitchblende, pollucite, polybasite, proustite, psilomelane, pyrargyrite, pyrite, pyrolusite, pyromorphite, pyrophyllite, pyroxene, pyroxenite, pyrrhotite or pyrrhotine, quartz, realgar, rhodochrosite, rhodonite, rutile, samarskite, saponite, sapphirine, scapolite, scheelite, scolecite, senarmontite, serpentine, siderite, sillimanite, smaltite, smaragdite, smectite, smithsonite, sodalite, sperrylite, sphalerite, sphene, spinel, spodumene, stannite, staurolite, stibnite, stilbite, strontianite, sylvanite, sylvite or sylvine, talc, tantalite, tenorite, tetradymite, tetrahedrite, thenardite, thorianite, thorite, tiemannite, topaz, torbernite, tourmaline, tremolite, triphylite, trona, troostite, tungstite, turgite, turquoise, uralite, uraninite, uranite, vanadinite, variscite, vermiculite, vesuvianite, wavellite, willemite, witherite, wolframite, wollastonite, wulfenite, zaratite, zeolite, zincite, zinkenite or zinckenite, zircon, zoisite
Translations
مَعْدِنمَعْدَن، مَعْدَني
minerálminerálnínerostný
mineralmineral-mineralsk
mineraalimineraalivesihivenainekivennäis-kivennäisvesi
खनिज
mineralmineralni
ásvány
steintegund; steinefni
ミネラル鉱物鉱物の
광물성의무기물
gamtosgazuotas gėrimasmineralasmineralinismineralinis vanduo
derīgie izrakteņiminerāls
minerálminerálny
mineral
mineralmineralisk
แร่ธาตุที่มีแร่
khoáng sảnthuộc khoáng sản

mineral

[ˈmɪnərəl]
A. Nmineral m
B. CPD mineral deposit Nyacimiento m minero
mineral rights NPLderechos mpl al subsuelo
mineral water Nagua f mineral

mineral

[ˈmɪnərəl]
adj [resources, wealth] → minéral(e) mineral oil
n (= substance) → minéral m mineral supplement minerals
npl (British) (soft drinks)boissons gazeuses (sucrées)mineral deposits nplgisements mpl miniers

mineral

nMineral nt
adjmineralisch; mineral depositsMineralbestände pl; mineral explorationMineraliensuche f

mineral

:
mineral oil
nMineralöl nt
mineral spring
nMineralquelle f, → Heilbrunnen m
mineral water
nMineralwasser nt

mineral

[ˈmɪnrl]
1. adj (substance, kingdom) → minerale; (wealth, deposits, ore) → minerario/a
mineral salts → sali mpl minerali
2. nminerale m (Brit) (soft drink) minerals nplbevande fpl gasate

mineral

(ˈminərəl) noun
a substance (metals, gems, coal, salt etc) found naturally in the earth and mined. What minerals are mined in that country?; (also adjective) mineral ores.
mineral water
1. a type of water containing small quantities of health-giving minerals.
2. a fizzy, non-alcoholic drink such as lemonade.

mineral

مَعْدِن minerál, minerální mineral, mineralsk Mineral, mineralisch μεταλλικός, ορυκτό mineral kivennäis-, mineraali minéral mineral, mineralni minerale 鉱物, 鉱物の 광물성의, 무기물 mineraal mineral, mineral- minerał, mineralny mineral минерал, минеральный mineral, mineralisk แร่ธาตุ, ที่มีแร่ maden, madensel khoáng sản, thuộc khoáng sản 含矿物质的, 矿物

min·er·al

n. mineral, elemento inorgánico;
a. mineral;
___ water (carbonated)agua ___ efervescente.

mineral

adj & n mineral m
References in classic literature ?
They had formerly been worked as savages always work mines -- holes grubbed in the earth and the mineral brought up in sacks of hide by hand, at the rate of a ton a day; but I had begun to put the mining on a scientific basis as early as I could.
My fancy made a picture of them distended with three weeks' absorption of mineral springs.
Then with expanded wings he stears his flight Aloft, incumbent on the dusky Air That felt unusual weight, till on dry Land He lights, if it were Land that ever burn'd With solid, as the Lake with liquid fire; And such appear'd in hue, as when the force Of subterranean wind transports a Hill Torn from PELORUS, or the shatter'd side Of thundring AETNA, whose combustible And fewel'd entrals thence conceiving Fire, Sublim'd with Mineral fury, aid the Winds, And leave a singed bottom all involv'd With stench and smoak: Such resting found the sole Of unblest feet.
For which the astronomers (who have written large systems concerning the stone) assign the following reason: that the magnetic virtue does not extend beyond the distance of four miles, and that the mineral, which acts upon the stone in the bowels of the earth, and in the sea about six leagues distant from the shore, is not diffused through the whole globe, but terminated with the limits of the king's dominions; and it was easy, from the great advantage of such a superior situation, for a prince to bring under his obedience whatever country lay within the attraction of that magnet.
The paints I used had some wretched mineral poison in them.
Canned things in shops; wines, spirits, mineral waters; and the water mains and drains are empty.
In the course of the day he arrived at the plain of white clay, already mentioned, surrounded by the mineral springs, called Beer Springs, by the trappers.
Their lives have no discernible echo beyond the neighbourhood where they dwelt, but you are almost sure to find there some good piece of road, some building, some application of mineral produce, some improvement in farming practice, some reform of parish abuses, with which their names are associated by one or two generations after them.
The mineral waters of Arva Wai* ooze forth from the crevices of a rock, and gliding down its mossy side, fall at last, in many clustering drops, into a natural basin of stone fringed round with grass and dewy-looking little violet-coloured flowers, as fresh and beautiful as the perpetual moisture they enjoy can make them.
It is, in fact, one of the mineral magazines which nature has provided in the heart of this vast realm of fertility, and which, in connection with the immense beds of coal on the same river, seem garnered up as the elements of the future wealth and power of the mighty West.
In those early days she had been much loved by others of her own sex and age, and had used to be seen about the village as one of three--all nearly of the same year--walking home from school side by side; Tess the middle one--in a pink print pinafore, of a finely reticulated pattern, worn over a stuff frock that had lost its original colour for a nondescript tertiary--marching on upon long stalky legs, in tight stockings which had little ladder-like holes at the knees, torn by kneeling in the roads and banks in search of vegetable and mineral treasures; her then earth-coloured hair handing like pot-hooks; the arms of the two outside girls resting round the waist of Tess; her arms on the shoulders of the two supporters.
But the mind requires a victory to the senses; a force of character which will convert judge, jury, soldier, and king; which will rule animal and mineral virtues, and blend with the courses of sap, of rivers, of winds, of stars, and of moral agents.