minimal pair


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minimal pair

n
(Linguistics) linguistics a pair of speech elements in a given language differing in only one respect and thus serving to identify minimum units such as phonemes, morphemes, etc. For example, tin and din constitute a minimal pair in English

min′imal pair′


n.
a pair of words, as pin and bin, differing only by one sound in the same position in each word, esp. when taken as evidence of a phonemic contrast.
[1940–45]
Translations
Minimalpaar
References in periodicals archive ?
To check if the apprentices of that language can distinguish similar signs, different in only one parameter, a minimal pair is a fundamental element of this investigation.
By using the infimum formula with this new minimal pair for [u.
This paper argues that important facts about human mental lives systematically block a large class of uses of phenomenal contrast from achieving their aim, and that these minimal pair arguments therefore fail, quite generally.
This article aims at comparing the phonology of Chhatthare Limbu and Athpahariya studying their phonemes on the basis of minimal pair contrast, comparing their distributions, syllable sequences and syllable structures.
Minimal Pair Pack is a speech training program and a language tutorial program designed for use by therapists and teachers working with individuals who have communication or speech disabilities.
Eighteen consonant phonemes and five vowel phonemes are established on the basis of minimal pair sets.
23) An example of this kind of spurious minimal pair is the contrast, in some dialects, between cat [kaet] and can't [kaet].
This is another minimal pair, this time with a finite form of the same verb.
The first author made up sentences for each member of each minimal pair, taking care that the word appeared in a realistic context and attempting to keep the contexts as parallel as possible for the two members of a pair.
An example of a minimal pair in Tok Pisin would be: 'laus' (in English, 'louse') and 'haus', (in English 'house'), where 'l' and 'h' are phonemes, because they allow one to understand the difference between 'lous' and 'haus'.
6 other distinctive vowels); with PerceOcl, it is possible to evaluate the identification of stops, from 30 minimal pairs (6 stops x 5); with PerceFric, it is possible to evaluate the identification of fricatives, considering 30 contrasting pairs (6 fricatives x 5) and; finally, with PerceSon, it is possible to evaluate the identification of the sonorants, from 42 contrasting pairs (7 sonorants (3 nasals and 4 liquids) x 6).
This paper tries to show those contrasts by setting up minimal pairs and near minimal pairs.
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