So it is feasible to improve fuzzy vault framework, we fuse minutia
descriptor into encrypt fuzzy vault the abscissa value, and saving it as helper data in the system, and then using transform function to transfer minutiae coordinate value irreversibly which is proposed by Ratha et al.
Once we are able to identify valid minutia
points in a thinned image, then we have to extract two important data from the enhanced, thinned image based on the significant minutia
points: they are ridge ending (x,y) location, and the direction of the ending bifurcation.
Some of the fingerprint indexing methods are mainly based on orientation fields, such as  and , while the most are based on minutiae, for example -, among them - use minutia
2 depicts an example fingerprint with one distinct minutia
that shows up as a distinct extreme point on the right gradient map.
The MINEX program is dedicated to the evaluation and development of the capabilities of fingerprint minutia
matchers running on ISO/IEC 7816 smart cards.
From suburban obsession with minutia
rather than the broad picture, to subtle rollbacks in civil rights, to the drumbeat of fear that the so-called Counterrevolution plays to scare voters into falling in line with its social agenda, "The Strange Death of Liberal America" exposes all in no-nonsense, clear and charged language.
A computer then analyzes the picture for the minutia
points--intersection points of the ridges, whorls, and valleys that form a unique pattern on each fingertip.
From mind-numbing minutia
to erudite minutia
to the not-so minute.
For a detected minutia
, MN represents the integer identifier, MX stands for the x-pixel coordinate, MY expresses the y-pixel coordinate, and DIR serves as the direction.
propagation algorithm introduced in  provided measures for reducing the time taken during palmprint matching.
3] have shown detected spurious minutia
can be more harmful to reliable AFIS performance than missed genuine one, so it is imperative to minimize the number of spurious minutia
to maximal extent.
type of the minutia
point, which is whether the minutia
is ridge ending or ridge bifurcation.