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n. pl. mi·to·chon·dri·a (-drē-ə)
A spherical or elongated organelle in the cytoplasm of nearly all eukaryotic cells, containing genetic material and many enzymes important for cell metabolism, including those responsible for the conversion of food to usable energy.

[New Latin : Greek mitos, warp thread + Greek khondrion, diminutive of khondros, grain, granule; see ghrendh- in Indo-European roots.]

mi′to·chon′dri·al (-drē-əl) adj.


[ˌmaɪtəʊˈkɒndriəl] adjmitochondrial(e)
References in periodicals archive ?
M2 EQUITYBITES-January 30, 2018-NeuroVive Pharmaceutical reports breakthrough in its NVP025 project for mitochondrial myopathy
M2 PHARMA-January 30, 2018-NeuroVive Pharmaceutical reports breakthrough in its NVP025 project for mitochondrial myopathy
Background: Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) content measured by different techniques cannot be compared between studies, and age- and tissue-related control values are hardly available.
Loss of mitochondrial function contributes to aging throughout the body.
They found that improvement of mitochondrial function may decrease cell death and metabolic function in these patients.
A human clinical study by the University of Georgia Department of Kinesiology in Athens, GA, found that resveratrol fortified with Sabinsa's BioPerine increases mitochondrial function.
After showing all the signs of devastating mitochondrial disease, Taylor's family were facing the prospect of their baby having one of the most complex conditions in the world.
Debbie Rossiter, Taylor's grandma, said: "When he had a seizure, he was taken to the hospital and doctors thought it was mitochondrial disease but four weeks ago we were told he had a biotonidase deficiency, which is a big difference.
Newcastle researchers have developed a genetic test providing a rapid diagnosis of mitochondrial disorders to identify the first patients with inherited mutations in a new disease gene.
Mitochondrial replacement therapy is designed to prevent women from passing diseased mitochondria to their children.
The team at the Oregon Health & Science University has discovered that induced pluripotent stem, or iPS, cells, a type of stem cell derived from patients' skin or blood cells contain faulty mitochondrial DNA.
Mitochondrial disease comprises a highly heterogeneous group of disorders in which mitochondrial function is impaired as a result of mutations located either in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) itself or in a large number of nuclear genes involved in mitochondrial function.

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