mitochondrion

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Related to Mitocondria: mitochondria, Vacuola
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mitochondrion

mi·to·chon·dri·on

 (mī′tə-kŏn′drē-ən)
n. pl. mi·to·chon·dri·a (-drē-ə)
A spherical or elongated organelle in the cytoplasm of nearly all eukaryotic cells, containing genetic material and many enzymes important for cell metabolism, including those responsible for the conversion of food to usable energy.

[New Latin : Greek mitos, warp thread + Greek khondrion, diminutive of khondros, grain, granule; see ghrendh- in Indo-European roots.]

mi′to·chon′dri·al (-drē-əl) adj.

mitochondrion

(ˌmaɪtəʊˈkɒndrɪən)
n, pl -dria (-drɪə)
(Biology) a small spherical or rodlike body, bounded by a double membrane, in the cytoplasm of most cells: contains enzymes responsible for energy production. Also called: chondriosome
[C19: New Latin, from Greek mitos thread + khondrion small grain]
ˌmitoˈchondrial adj

mi•to•chon•dri•on

(ˌmaɪ təˈkɒn dri ən)

n., pl. -dri•a (-dri ə)
an organelle in the cell cytoplasm that has its own DNA, inherited solely from the maternal line, and that produces enzymes essential for energy metabolism. Abbr.: mt See diag. at cell.
[1900–05; < Greek míto(s) thread + chóndrion small grain]
mi`to•chon′dri•al, adj.
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mitochondrion

mi·to·chon·dri·on

(mī′tə-kŏn′drē-ən)
Plural mitochondria
A structure in the cytoplasm of all cells except bacteria in which food molecules are broken down in the presence of oxygen and converted to energy in the form of ATP. Mitochondria contain their own DNA. See more at cell.

mitochondrion

(pl. mitochondria) A rod-shaped organelle inside a cell that is a site of energy release.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.mitochondrion - an organelle containing enzymes responsible for producing energymitochondrion - an organelle containing enzymes responsible for producing energy
sarcosome - a large mitochondrion in a striated muscle fiber
cell organ, cell organelle, organelle - a specialized part of a cell; analogous to an organ; "the first organelle to be identified was the nucleus"
Translations
mitochondrie
mitokondrio
mitokondrium
hvatberi
mitochondrium
mitocôndria
mitokondrie
mitokondri
References in periodicals archive ?
Daidzin and its antidipsotropic analogs inhibit serotonin and dopamine metabolism in isolated mitocondria.
2] sobre estructuras celulares causan disrupcion no especifica o tumefaccion de membranas, especialmente de la mitocondria (l5,13,19).
La mitocondria es el unico elemento de la celula que tiene ADN propio.

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