modal auxiliary


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modal auxiliary verb

A modal auxiliary verb, often simply called a modal verb or even just a modal, is used to change the meaning of other verbs (commonly known as main verbs) by expressing modality—that is, asserting (or denying) possibility, likelihood, ability, permission, obligation, or future intention.
Modal verbs are defined by their inability to conjugate for tense and the third person singular (i.e., they do not take an “-s” at the end when he, she, or it is the subject), and they cannot form infinitives, past participles, or present participles. All modal auxiliary verbs are followed by a main verb in its base form (the infinitive without to); they can never be followed by other modal verbs, lone auxiliary verbs, or nouns.
As with the primary auxiliary verbs, modal verbs can be used with not to create negative sentences, and they can all invert with the subject to create interrogative sentences.
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modal auxiliary

n.
An auxiliary verb characteristically used with other verbs to express mood, aspect, or tense. In English, the most common modal auxiliaries are can, could, may, might, must, ought, shall, should, will, and would. Also called modal.

mod′al auxil′iary


n.
any of a group of auxiliary verbs, in English including can, could, may, might, shall, should, will, would, and must, typically used with the base form of another verb to express distinctions of mood.
[1930–35]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.modal auxiliary - an auxiliary verb (such as `can' or `will') that is used to express modality
auxiliary verb - a verb that combines with another verb in a verb phrase to help form tense, mood, voice, or condition of the verb it combines with
Translations
módbeli segédige
References in periodicals archive ?
Contrary to single modals in which only one modal auxiliary can be added in a Standard English sentence, multiple modality is a series of two or three adjacent modal expressions in a vernacular English syntax.
If so, then you understand the power of modal auxiliary verbs.
A study was carried out by Nartey and Yankson (2014) to explore the semantic underpinnings of modal auxiliary verbs in the 2012 Manifesto of a popular Ghanaian political party, the New Patriotic Party (NPP).
Among the topics are the asymmetric style of communication in Mandarin Chinese talk-in-interaction, a proposal for learning tones cooperatively in the classroom, the analysis of pragmatic functions of Chinese cultural markers, an English second-language learner of Chinese as a case study of the acquisition of the Chinese modal auxiliary Neng Verb Group (NVG), the acquisition of Chinese relative clauses at the initial stage, and English "be going to" and its Chinese counterpart as evidence for conceptual similarities in languages.
The author establishes that tharf, but not betharf, was clearly on the path towards becoming a modal auxiliary, since it complied with some of the criteria for grammaticalization seen above, and could express a variety of modal necessity meanings, including impossibility.
In more theoretical terms, a modal auxiliary is just a raising verb that expresses a modal notion such as necessity, possibility or evidentiality.
Syntactically speaking, the can + passive predicator paraphrase adds the modal auxiliary can as finite and replaces the rest of the VP, i.
in your food Verbs subject verb agreement most people is more than bored wrong verb form have forgotten of bringing wrong verb tense I was working there for a year modal auxiliary I will like to thank you verb missing they see their lives still the same (are) direct object missing Young people like to spend their free time purchasing.
This book contrasts the system of modal auxiliary verbs in English and German and investigates the factors determining their translation equivalents.
Finally, I will discuss the conditioning factors influencing the choice of will or shall in the apodosis of /conditionals as well as those that allow either modal auxiliary (5.
Modal auxiliary verbs, such as shall, should, and must, can also be used to express commands.
It thus logically carries the identity of a full modal auxiliary in the structure.