The American freedom of "the pursuit of happiness" has largely come to mean the freedom to obtain what one desires (Foner 2013, 28), whereas the Buddhist freedom of moksa
(Sanskrit, "liberation") is a freedom from the constraining pull of desires themselves (McMahan 2008, 17).
In fact, anyone searching for the predictable Buddhist key words (karma, maya, samsara, moksa
, nirvana, Theravada, Zen, sangha, guru, tantra, om [mani padme hum], Pure Land, and so forth) will find only a brief explanation, but a wealth of related terms that have to be chased down: the book is a masterpiece of cross-referencing.
While much of the text is devoted to intramural disputes among Saiva sects, Ramakantha also targets others, such as Buddhists, Naiyayikas, Carvakas, and Advaita Vedantins, who hold erroneous views on moksa
and are in need of refutation.
While kaivalya is most often understood as liberation, Indian philosophical scholar Sthaneshwar Timalsina clarified that, "This term does not convey the same semantic resonance as moksa
, which literally means liberation.
The stretch of Moksa
shall be conduits with HSP, 160 mm, 1 pc.
6, 2013); Kwak Sun-hee, Ship-ja-ga-cuLle-mi [The Meaning of Carrying My Cross]; Kwak Sun-hee Moksa
Solgyojip 30 (Seoul: Gye Mong Moon-hwa-sa, 2002), 159161; ChoYong-gi, Ok-chungSea-shin [A Commentary on the Prison Epistles]; ChoYong-gi Moksa
Sin-yakSong-gyongKang-haeChon-jip 16 (Seoul: Seoul Mal-sum-sa) 226.
Across the board the region's wines remain value driven for every style and palate, says Noon Inthasuwan-Summers, beverage director at MOKSA
in Cambridge, MA.
En suma, el triunfo definitivo sobre la muerte constituye una "vision esperanzadora": con el Hinduismo, asi como artha (las posesiones materiales), kama (el placer) y dharma (la ley psico-socio-cosmica) son fines de la vida, tambien lo es moksa
Karmic liberation, then, need not be the Vedic moksa
or kaivalya or the pre-Mahayana arhat's attainment of nirvana or tantric reincarnation.
Le but ultime de l'humain est de trouver la delivrance, moksa
, de sortir du systeme: << falte que la roue cesse de recevoir les impulsions qui perpetuent et relancent son mouvement chaque fois que l'on agir >> (Malamoud 2004 : 13).
In truth, disengagement from the "cycle" is attainable only for those who abandon the demands of life for the consolation of the final withdrawal as prescribed by Hinduism, moksa
being the ability to avoid an "involuntary involvement in samsara" (Sharma 116), the cycle of reincarnation that is the fate of all those who have the burden of karma to resolve.
Hirst M, Astell CR, Griffith M, Coughlin SM, Moksa
M, Zeng T, et al.