mongolism


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Related to mongolism: mongoloid

mon·gol·ism

also Mon·gol·ism  (mŏng′gə-lĭz′əm, mŏn′-)
n. Offensive
Down syndrome.

[From Mongolian, term used in a system of classification devised by British physician John Langdon Haydon Down (1828-1896) in which different types of intellectual disability were associated with non-Caucasian racial categories (the epicanthic folds typical of persons with Down syndrome leading him to associate them with Central and East Asian populations).]

mongolism

(ˈmɒŋɡəˌlɪzəm)
n
(Pathology) pathol a formerly used and now highly offensive name for Down's syndrome
Usage: See at Down's syndrome

mon•gol•ism

(ˈmɒŋ gəˌlɪz əm, ˈmɒn-)

n.
(sometimes cap.) (no longer in technical use) Down syndrome.
[1895–1900]

mongolism

Medicine. the abnormal condition of a child born mentally deficient, with a flattened skull, narrow slanting eyes, and a short, flat-bridged nose. Now usually called Down’s syndrome. — mongolic, adj.
See also: Disease and Illness
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.mongolism - a congenital disorder caused by having an extra 21st chromosomemongolism - a congenital disorder caused by having an extra 21st chromosome; results in a flat face and short stature and mental retardation
trisomy - chrosomal abnormality in which there is one more than the normal number of chromosomes in a cell
Translations

mongolism

[ˈmɒŋgəlɪzəm] Nmongolismo m

mongolism

n (Med) (neg!)Downsyndrom nt, → Mongolismus m (neg!)

mongolism

[ˈmɒŋgəˌlɪzm] n (offensive) → mongolismo
References in periodicals archive ?
John Langdon Down, the British doctor who had discovered Down's Syndrome in the 1860s, described it as Mongolism and suggested that there were similar physical characteristics between people with Down's Syndrome and the Mongolian race.
The Down's syndrome mongolism affects one child of every 660 born in Britain