It does not mean that monolinguals
are unable to learn a second language (L2).
Speaking earlier in life is not always better, but yes, monolinguals
tend to be faster because the task that they are exposed to is much easier.
A substantial number of studies have consistently found significant cognitive differences between bilinguals and monolinguals
in some age groups.
In research we recently published in Psychological Science, we studied German-English bilinguals and monolinguals
to find out how different language patterns affected how they reacted in experiments.
Prof Clare and colleagues from Bangor University did wellpublicised research into the onset of dementia among bilingual and monolingual
elderly adults in Wales and, while they found that the bilingual group saw doctors for diagnosis at a later date than monolinguals
they also found that dementia had reached a more serious stage at diagnosis - in other words no bilingual advantage.
Such a mindset sees everything in terms of monolingualism being the norm, even though there are more bi--and multilinguals in the world than monolinguals
(Ctyne, 2005, p.
The action of shifting between languages according to the changing context acts as mental exercise," Dr Bak said, adding that the advantages of bilingualism include higher attention than that of monolinguals
Table 1: the frequency of hedges and boosters within rhetorical sections of the articles Frequency sections Abstract Introduction Discussion strategies H B H B H B monolinguals
Hernandez, who also serves as director of the Laboratory for the Neural Bases of Bilingualism at UH and is the author of a new book, "The Bilingual Brain," said recent research explores whether bilinguals have more plasticity and adaptability because they have learned two sounds systems and can learn vocabulary words better than monolinguals
That is, the present proposal poses itself as a bridge linking two main research areas in visual word recognition: monolinguals
versus bilinguals processing.
However, how brain activity differs between older bilinguals and monolinguals
was previously unclear.
Research shows that bilingual children also tend to be better than monolinguals
at multitasking and focusing attention; they often are more precocious readers and generally find it easier to learn other languages.