monosaccharide


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mon·o·sac·cha·ride

 (mŏn′ə-săk′ə-rīd′, -rĭd)
n.
Any of several carbohydrates, such as tetroses, pentoses, and hexoses, that cannot be broken down to simpler sugars by hydrolysis. Also called simple sugar.

monosaccharide

(ˌmɒnəʊˈsækəˌraɪd; -rɪd)
n
(Biochemistry) a simple sugar, such as glucose or fructose, that does not hydrolyse to yield other sugars

mon•o•sac•cha•ride

(ˌmɒn əˈsæk əˌraɪd, -ər ɪd)

n.
a carbohydrate that does not hydrolyze, as glucose or fructose.
[1895–1900]

mon·o·sac·cha·ride

(mŏn′ə-săk′ə-rīd′)
Any of a class of simple carbohydrates that cannot be broken down to simpler sugars by hydrolysis. Fructose is a monosaccharide.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.monosaccharide - a sugar (like sucrose or fructose) that does not hydrolyse to give other sugars; the simplest group of carbohydrates
triose - any monosaccharide sugar containing three atoms of carbon per molecule
tetrose - any monosaccharide sugar containing four atoms of carbon per molecule
pentose - any monosaccharide sugar containing five atoms of carbon per molecule
hexose - a monosaccharide that contains six carbon atoms per molecule
aldose - a monosaccharide sugar that contains the aldehyde group or is hemiacetal
carbohydrate, saccharide, sugar - an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain
ketose - any monosaccharide sugar that contains a ketone group or its hemiacetal
Translations
monosakkaridi
monosaccharide
monosackarid

monosaccharide

[ˌmɒnəʊˈsækəˌraɪd] nmonosaccaride m

mon·o·sac·cha·ride

n. monosacárido, azúcar simple.
References in periodicals archive ?
Meanwhile, the cellulase system of the strain, SWU-27, showed notably higher AY-glucosidase, which was both significant for splitting the cellulose into monosaccharide, accompanied with a rapid production.
Qualitative results from TLC, MELDI and GC-MS analyses identified monosaccharide (fructose and glucose) and disaccharide (sucrose) in plants.
Cellulose which composes of glucose monosaccharide units promotes microalgae as a source for conversion to bioethanol [6].
Particular glycan features, such as fucosylation, the terminal monosaccharide, and level of undersialylation, were used to compare patient groups.
Bioenergy, Minneapolis, MN, has achieved GRAS (Generally Recognized as Safe) status from FDA for its core energy nutrient D-ribose, a naturally occurring monosaccharide the body uses to stimulate the synthesis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), an essential energy compound.
Glycolaldehyde, the simplest of the monosaccharide sugars, can react with the substance propenal to form ribose, a central constituent of Ribonucleic acid (RNA), thought to be the central molecule in the origin of life.
s University of Reading used a range of model fecal fermentation systems to determine how monosaccharide composition, glycosidic linkage and molecular weight would affect the selectivity of the fermentation.
Determination of monosaccharide composition of Eucalyptus globulus wood by FTIR spectroscopy.
The monosaccharide concentration was measured colorimetrically after combining with arsenomolybdate (Somogyi, 1945; Smith, 1981).