mood


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mood

Grammatical mood refers to the way in which a verb is used to express certain meaning by the speaker or writer. In linguistics, moods are broken down into two main categories: realis moods (expressing what is real or true) and irrealis moods (expressing what is unreal, hypothetical, or untrue).
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mood 1

 (mo͞od)
n.
1. A particular state of mind or emotion: news that put us in a good mood.
2. A pervading impression of an observer: the somber mood of the painting.
3. An instance or spell of sulking or angry behavior: A friend's visit lifted him out of his mood.
4. Inclination; disposition: I'm in the mood for ice cream.

[Middle English mod, from Old English mōd, disposition; see mē- in Indo-European roots.]

mood 2

(mo͞od)
n.
1. Grammar
a. A property of verbs in which the speaker's attitude toward the factuality or likelihood of the action or condition expressed.
b. A category or set of verb forms or inflections used to indicate such an attitude. In English, the indicative mood is used to make factual statements, the subjunctive mood to indicate doubt or unlikelihood, and the imperative mood to express a command.
2. Logic The arrangement of statement types in a syllogism.

[Alteration of mode.]

mood

(muːd)
n
1. a temporary state of mind or temper: a cheerful mood.
2. a sullen or gloomy state of mind, esp when temporary: she's in a mood.
3. a prevailing atmosphere or feeling
4. in the mood in a favourable state of mind (for something or to do something)
[Old English mōd mind, feeling; compare Old Norse mōthr grief, wrath]

mood

(muːd)
n
1. (Grammar) grammar a category of the verb or verbal inflections that expresses semantic and grammatical differences, including such forms as the indicative, subjunctive, and imperative
2. (Logic) logic one of the possible arrangements of the syllogism, classified solely by whether the component propositions are universal or particular and affirmative or negative. Compare figure18
Ancient name: mode
[C16: from mood1, influenced in meaning by mode]

mood1

(mud)

n.
1. a person's emotional state or outlook at a particular time.
2. a distinctive emotional quality or character: a festive mood.
3. a prevailing emotional tone or general attitude: the country's mood.
4. a frame of mind receptive, as to some activity: in the mood to see a movie.
5. a state of sullenness, gloom, or bad temper.
[before 900; Middle English; Old English mōd mind, spirit, courage; c. Old Frisian, Old Saxon mōd, Old High German muot courage, spirit (German Mut), Old Norse mōthr anger, Gothic mōths anger, spirit]

mood2

(mud)

n.
1. a category or set of categories of the verb serving typically to indicate the attitude of the speaker toward what is being said, as in expressing a fact, possibility, wish, or command, and indicated by inflection of the verb or by the use of syntactic devices, as modal auxiliaries: the indicative, imperative, and subjunctive moods.
[1525–35; alter. of mode1, by influence of mood1]

mood

A category of a verb indicating a semantic or grammatical difference.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.mood - a characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of feelingmood - a characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of feeling; "whether he praised or cursed me depended on his temper at the time"; "he was in a bad humor"
feeling - the experiencing of affective and emotional states; "she had a feeling of euphoria"; "he had terrible feelings of guilt"; "I disliked him and the feeling was mutual"
peeve - an annoyed or irritated mood
sulk, sulkiness - a mood or display of sullen aloofness or withdrawal; "stayed home in a sulk"
amiability, good humor, good humour, good temper - a cheerful and agreeable mood
ill humor, ill humour, distemper - an angry and disagreeable mood
2.mood - the prevailing psychological state; "the climate of opinion"; "the national mood had changed radically since the last election"
condition, status - a state at a particular time; "a condition (or state) of disrepair"; "the current status of the arms negotiations"
3.mood - verb inflections that express how the action or state is conceived by the speaker
grammatical relation - a linguistic relation established by grammar
common mood, declarative, declarative mood, fact mood, indicative, indicative mood - a mood (grammatically unmarked) that represents the act or state as an objective fact
subjunctive, subjunctive mood - a mood that represents an act or state (not as a fact but) as contingent or possible
optative, optative mood - a mood (as in Greek or Sanskrit) that expresses a wish or hope; expressed in English by modal verbs
imperative, imperative form, imperative mood, jussive mood - a mood that expresses an intention to influence the listener's behavior
interrogative mood, interrogative - some linguists consider interrogative sentences to constitute a mood

mood

noun
1. state of mind, spirit, humour, temper, vein, tenor, disposition, frame of mind He was clearly in a good mood today.
2. depression, sulk, bad temper, blues, dumps (informal), wax (informal, chiefly Brit.), melancholy, doldrums, the hump (Brit. informal), bate (Brit. slang), fit of pique, low spirits, the sulks, grumps (informal) She was obviously in a mood.
3. atmosphere, feeling, feel, spirit, tone, climate, flavour, tenor, aura, ambience First set the mood with some music.
in the mood inclined, willing, interested, minded, keen, eager, disposed towards, in the (right) frame of mind, favourable towards After all that activity we were in the mood for a good meal.

mood

noun
1. A temporary state of mind or feeling:
frame of mind, humor, spirit (used in plural), temper, vein.
2. A general impression produced by a predominant quality or characteristic:
3. A prevailing quality, as of thought, behavior, or attitude:
Translations
مِزَاجٌمِزاج، حالَه نَفْسِيَّه
náladazpůsob
humør
mielialamodustapaluokkatuuliaikeet
raspoloženje
hangulat
hátturskap
気分
기분
be nuotaikosblogos nuotaikos
garastāvoklisnoskaņojums
razpoloženje
humörmodusstämning
อารมณ์
ruh durumuruhsal durum
tâm trạng

mood

1 [muːd] N (Ling) → modo m

mood

2 [muːd]
A. Nhumor m
that depends on his moodeso es según el or depende del humor que tenga
to be in the mood for sth/to do sthtener ganas de algo/de hacer algo, estar de humor para algo/para hacer algo
he plays well when he's in the moodtoca bien cuando está en vena or por la labor
are you in a mood for chess?¿te apetece una partida de ajedrez?, ¿quieres jugar al ajedrez?
I'm not in the moodno tengo ganas, no me apetece
I'm not in the mood for gamesno estoy (de humor) para juegos
he's in a bit of a moodestá de mal humor
to be in a bad moodestar de mal humor
to be in a forgiving moodestar dispuesto a perdonar
to be in a generous moodsentirse generoso
to be in a good moodestar de buen humor
he has moods (angry) → tiene arranques de cólera; (gloomy) → tiene sus rachas de melancolía
I'm in no mood to argueno tengo ganas de discutir, no estoy (de humor) para discutir
to be in no laughing mood or in no mood for laughingno tener ganas de reír
she's in one of her moodsestá de malas, está con un humor de perros
to be in an ugly mood [person] → estar de muy mal humor; [crowd] → tener los ánimos muy exaltados or encendidos
B. CPD mood music Nmúsica f de fondo or de ambiente

mood

[ˈmuːd] n
(= state of mind) → humeur f
At midday, my mood began to change → À midi, mon humeur commença à changer.
to be in a bad mood → être de mauvaise humeur
When he came back, he was in a foul mood → Lorsqu'il est revenu, il était d'une humeur exécrable.
to be in a mood (= bad mood) → être de mauvaise humeur
to be in a good mood → être de bonne humeur
to be in the mood for sth (= feel like) → être d'humeur à faire qch
I'm not in the mood for a long discussion about this → Je ne suis pas d'humeur à en discuter longuement.
to be in no mood to do sth → ne pas être d'humeur à faire qch
(= PSYCH) → humeur f
His moods swing alarmingly → Il a des sautes d'humeur alarmantes.
(= atmosphere) [meeting] → atmosphère f; [room, place] → atmosphère f
to set the mood → créer l'ambiance
First set the mood with music → Commencez par créer l'ambiance avec de la musique.mood-altering [ˈmuːdɔːltərɪŋ] adj [drug, substance, effect, experience] → qui a un impact sur l'humeurmood disorder ntroubles mpl de l'humeurmood enhancer mood-enhancer [ˌmuːdɪnˈhɑːnsər] nantidépresseur m

mood

1
n
(of party, town etc)Stimmung f; (of one person)Laune f, → Stimmung f; he was in a good/bad/foul mooder hatte gute/schlechte/eine fürchterliche Laune, er war gut/schlecht/fürchterlich gelaunt; to be in a cheerful moodgut aufgelegt sein; to be in a festive/forgiving moodfeierlich/versöhnlich gestimmt sein; to be in a generous moodin Geberlaune sein; in one of his crazy or mad moodsaus einer plötzlichen Laune heraus, in einer seiner Anwandlungen; I’m in no mood for laughingmir ist nicht nach or zum Lachen zumute or zu Mute; to be in the mood for somethingzu etw aufgelegt sein; to be in the mood to do somethingdazu aufgelegt sein, etw zu tun; to be in no mood to do somethingnicht in der Stimmung sein, etw zu tun; I’m not in the mood for work or to workich habe keine Lust zum Arbeiten; I’m not in the mood for this type of musicich bin nicht in der Stimmung für diese Musik; I’m not in the moodich bin nicht dazu aufgelegt; (to do sth also) → ich habe keine Lust; (for music etc also) → ich bin nicht in der richtigen Stimmung; mood musicstimmungsvolle Musik
(= bad mood)schlechte Laune; he’s in one of his moodser hat mal wieder eine seiner Launen; he’s in a mooder hat schlechte Laune; he has moodser ist sehr launisch

mood

2
n (Gram) → Modus m; indicative moodIndikativ m; imperative moodImperativ m; subjunctive moodKonjunktiv m

mood

1 [muːd] numore m
what kind of mood are you in? → di che umore sei?
to be in a good/bad mood → essere di buonumore/di cattivo umore
to be in a generous mood → sentirsi generoso/a
she's in one of her moods → ha la luna
to be in the mood for sth/to do sth → sentirsi in vena or aver voglia di qc/di fare qc
I'm not in the mood → non mi sento in vena
I'm in no mood to argue → non ho voglia di discutere

mood

2 [muːd] n (Gram) → modo

mood

(muːd) noun
the state of a person's feelings, temper, mind etc at a particular time. What kind of mood is she in?; I'm in a bad mood today.
ˈmoody adjective
often bad-tempered. a moody child.
ˈmoodily adverb
ˈmoodiness noun

mood

مِزَاجٌ nálada humør Stimmung διάθεση humor mieliala humeur raspoloženje umore 気分 기분 stemming sinnsstemning nastrój humor настроение humör อารมณ์ ruh durumu tâm trạng 心情

mood

n. humor, disposición, estado de ánimo;
changeable ___ -scambios de humor, cambios de disposición;
___ disorderscambios de estado de ánimo;
to be in a sad ___sentirse triste;
to be in the ___ totener ganas de.

mood

n estado de ánimo, humor m; mood swings oscilaciones fpl de humor, cambios repentinos del estado de ánimo; to be in a bad — estar de mal humor; to be in a good — estar de buen humor
References in classic literature ?
The West Wind reigns over the seas surrounding the coasts of these kingdoms; and from the gateways of the channels, from promontories as if from watch-towers, from estuaries of rivers as if from postern gates, from passage-ways, inlets, straits, firths, the garrison of the Isle and the crews of the ships going and returning look to the westward to judge by the varied splendours of his sunset mantle the mood of that arbitrary ruler.
And the reader must remember that this mood, which he has read in a quarter of an hour, is but one mood of the myriad moods of John Barleycorn, and that the procession of such moods may well last the clock around through many a day and week and month.
But Katavasov's serene and good-humored expression suddenly struck him, and he felt such tenderness for his own happy mood, which he was unmistakably disturbing by this conversation, that he remembered his resolution and stopped short.
An hour ago they had seemed dangerous companions for so lofty a mood; but now, under the gentle influences of dinner, the mood had not indeed changed--but mellowed.
Complete surrender to a particular mood until the mood itself surrenders to the artist, and afterwards silent ceaseless toil until a form worthy of its expression has been achieved -- this is the method of Li Po and his fellows.
The smooth richness of their diction; the amiable sweetness of their mood, their gracious caprice, the delicacy of their satire (which was so kind that it should have some other name), their abundance of light and color, and the deep heart of humanity underlying their airiest fantasticality, all united in an effect which was different from any I had yet known.
Angry of mood he went, from his eyes, likest to fire, stood out a hideous light.
Sometimes, however, as in a lyric poem, the effect intended may be the rendering or creation of a mood, such as that of happy content, and in that case the poem may not have an easily expressible concrete theme.
Though he read it with no change of voice the mood was broken.
The little stinging, buzzing imps succeeded in dispelling a mood which might have held her there in the darkness half a night longer.
Nevertheless, ere long, the warm, warbling persuasiveness of the pleasant, holiday weather we came to, seemed gradually to charm him from his mood.
I felt I had him at a disadvantage, had caught him in the mood of indiscretion; and to tell the truth I was not curious to learn what might have driven a young medical student out of London.