mortar

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mortar
mortar (background) and pestle (foreground)

mor·tar

 (môr′tər)
n.
1. A vessel in which substances are crushed or ground with a pestle.
2. A machine in which materials are ground and blended or crushed.
3.
a. A portable, usually muzzleloading cannon used to fire shells at low velocities, short ranges, and high trajectories.
b. A shell fired by such a cannon.
c. Any of several similar devices, such as one that shoots life lines across a stretch of water.
d. A short, usually stationary, muzzleloading cannon used from the 1700s to early 1900s to fire large round shells at low velocities, short ranges, and high trajectories.
4. Any of various bonding materials used in masonry, surfacing, and plastering, especially a mixture of cement or lime, sand, and water that hardens in place and is used to bind together bricks or stones.
tr.v. mor·tared, mor·tar·ing, mor·tars
1. To bombard with mortar shells.
2. To plaster or join with mortar.

[Middle English morter, from Old English mortere and from Old French mortier, both from Latin mortārium; see mer- in Indo-European roots.]

mortar

(ˈmɔːtə)
n
1. (Building) a mixture of cement or lime or both with sand and water, used as a bond between bricks or stones or as a covering on a wall
2. (Firearms, Gunnery, Ordnance & Artillery) a muzzle-loading cannon having a short barrel and relatively wide bore that fires low-velocity shells in high trajectories over a short range
3. (Firearms, Gunnery, Ordnance & Artillery) a similar device for firing lifelines, fireworks, etc
4. (Ceramics) a vessel, usually bowl-shaped, in which substances are pulverized with a pestle
5. (Mining & Quarrying) mining a cast-iron receptacle in which ore is crushed
vb (tr)
6. (Building) to join (bricks or stones) or cover (a wall) with mortar
7. (Firearms, Gunnery, Ordnance & Artillery) to fire on with mortars
8. dialect Midland English to trample (on)
[C13: from Latin mortārium basin in which mortar is mixed; in some senses, via Old French mortier substance mixed inside such a vessel]

mor•tar1

(ˈmɔr tər)

n.
1. a bowl-shaped receptacle of hard material in which substances are pounded or ground with a pestle.
2. any of various mechanical appliances in which substances are pounded or ground.
3. a cannon very short in proportion to its bore, for throwing shells at high angles.
4. some similar device, as for throwing pyrotechnic bombs or a lifeline.
[before 1000; Middle English, Old English mortere and Old French mortier < Latin mortārium; in definitions 3,4 translation of French mortier < Latin, as above; see -ar2]

mor•tar2

(ˈmɔr tər)

n.
1. a mixture of lime or cement or a combination of both with sand and water, used as a bonding agent between bricks, stones, etc.
v.t.
2. to plaster or fix with mortar.
[1250–1300; Middle English < Anglo-French; Old French mortier mortar1, hence the mixture produced in it]
mor′tar•less, adj.
mor′tar•y, adj.

mortar

A muzzle-loading, indirect fire weapon with either a rifled or smooth bore. It usually has a shorter range than a howitzer, employs a higher angle of fire, and has a tube with a length of 10 to 20 calibers. See also gun; howitzer.

mortar


Past participle: mortared
Gerund: mortaring

Imperative
mortar
mortar
Present
I mortar
you mortar
he/she/it mortars
we mortar
you mortar
they mortar
Preterite
I mortared
you mortared
he/she/it mortared
we mortared
you mortared
they mortared
Present Continuous
I am mortaring
you are mortaring
he/she/it is mortaring
we are mortaring
you are mortaring
they are mortaring
Present Perfect
I have mortared
you have mortared
he/she/it has mortared
we have mortared
you have mortared
they have mortared
Past Continuous
I was mortaring
you were mortaring
he/she/it was mortaring
we were mortaring
you were mortaring
they were mortaring
Past Perfect
I had mortared
you had mortared
he/she/it had mortared
we had mortared
you had mortared
they had mortared
Future
I will mortar
you will mortar
he/she/it will mortar
we will mortar
you will mortar
they will mortar
Future Perfect
I will have mortared
you will have mortared
he/she/it will have mortared
we will have mortared
you will have mortared
they will have mortared
Future Continuous
I will be mortaring
you will be mortaring
he/she/it will be mortaring
we will be mortaring
you will be mortaring
they will be mortaring
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been mortaring
you have been mortaring
he/she/it has been mortaring
we have been mortaring
you have been mortaring
they have been mortaring
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been mortaring
you will have been mortaring
he/she/it will have been mortaring
we will have been mortaring
you will have been mortaring
they will have been mortaring
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been mortaring
you had been mortaring
he/she/it had been mortaring
we had been mortaring
you had been mortaring
they had been mortaring
Conditional
I would mortar
you would mortar
he/she/it would mortar
we would mortar
you would mortar
they would mortar
Past Conditional
I would have mortared
you would have mortared
he/she/it would have mortared
we would have mortared
you would have mortared
they would have mortared
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.mortar - a muzzle-loading high-angle gun with a short barrel that fires shells at high elevations for a short rangemortar - a muzzle-loading high-angle gun with a short barrel that fires shells at high elevations for a short range
high-angle gun - a cannon that can be fired at a high elevation for relatively short ranges
2.mortar - used as a bond in masonry or for covering a wall
building material - material used for constructing buildings
cement - a building material that is a powder made of a mixture of calcined limestone and clay; used with water and sand or gravel to make concrete and mortar
3.mortar - a bowl-shaped vessel in which substances can be ground and mixed with a pestle
vessel - an object used as a container (especially for liquids)
Verb1.mortar - plaster with mortar; "mortar the wall"
masonry - the craft of a mason
daub, plaster - coat with plaster; "daub the wall"
Translations
مِدْفَع هاونمِدْفَعُ هَاوِنْمِلاطمَلَّاطُهاون
maltaminomettřecí miskahmoždíř
mørtelmortermortér
miinipilduja
kranaatinheitinlaastimörssäriheitinhuhmar
mužaržbuka
habarcsmaltermozsármozsárágyúvakolat
hræra, steypublandamortél, steytillsprengjuvarpa
モルタル臼砲
모르타르박격포
javamiezerismortīra
maltamažiarmínomet
maltamožnar
avanstupa
granatkastaremortelmurbruk
ปืนใหญ่ขนาดเล็กส่วนผสมของปูนขาวหรือซีเมนต์กับน้ำและทราย
súng cốivữa

mortar

[ˈmɔːtəʳ]
A. N
1. (= cannon) → mortero m
2. (= cement) → argamasa f, mortero m
see also brick A1
3. (= bowl) → mortero m
B. VT (Mil) → bombardear con morteros

mortar

[ˈmɔːrr] nmortier m
pestle and mortar → pilon et mortier

mortar

1
n
(= bowl)Mörser m
(= cannon)Minenwerfer m

mortar

2
n (= cement)Mörtel m
vtmörteln

mortar

[ˈmɔːtəʳ] n
a. (cannon, bowl) → mortaio
b. (cement) → malta

mortar1

(ˈmoːtə) noun
a mixture of cement, sand and water, used in building eg to hold bricks in place.

mortar2

(ˈmoːtə) noun
a type of short gun for firing shells upwards, in close-range attacks.

mortar3

(ˈmoːtə) noun
a dish in which to grind substances, especially with a pestle.

mortar

مِدْفَعُ هَاوِنْ, مَلَّاطُ malta, minomet mørtel, morter Mörser, Mörtel κονίαμα, όλμος argamasa, mortero kranaatinheitin, laasti mortier mužar, žbuka calce, mortaio モルタル, 臼砲 모르타르, 박격포 mortel, mortier bombekaster, (mur)puss wojsko, zaprawa murarska argamassa, morteiro миномет, строительный раствор granatkastare, murbruk ปืนใหญ่ขนาดเล็ก, ส่วนผสมของปูนขาวหรือซีเมนต์กับน้ำและทราย harç, havan topu súng cối, vữa 灰浆, 迫击炮
References in classic literature ?
There were women grinding dried plantain in crude stone mortars, while others were fashioning cakes from the powdered flour.
In point of grazing, plunging, oblique, or enfilading, or point-blank firing, the English, French, and Prussians have nothing to learn; but their cannon, howitzers, and mortars are mere pocket-pistols compared with the formidable engines of the American artillery.
The golden pestles and mortars fixed as signs upon the sun-blind frames outside the Druggists', appear to have been just turned out of the United States' Mint; and when I saw a baby of some week or ten days old in a woman's arms at a street corner, I found myself unconsciously wondering where it came from: never supposing for an instant that it could have been born in such a young town as that.
The timbers beneath are of a peculiar strength, fitted to sustain the weight of an almost solid mass of brick and mortar, some ten feet by eight square, and five in height.
Well, it rained mortar and masonry the rest of the week.
Breakfast over, Aunt Polly had family worship: it began with a prayer built from the ground up of solid courses of Scriptural quotations, welded together with a thin mortar of originality; and from the summit of this she delivered a grim chapter of the Mosaic Law, as from Sinai.
AT length there was a pitter- patter, pitter-patter, and some bits of mortar fell from the wall above.
The course of meat finished, they spread upon the sheepskins a great heap of parched acorns, and with them they put down a half cheese harder than if it had been made of mortar.
The water- way, so fair above and wide below, flows oppressed by bricks and mortar and stone, by blackened timber and grimed glass and rusty iron, covered with black barges, whipped up by paddles and screws, overburdened with craft, overhung with chains, overshadowed by walls making a steep gorge for its bed, filled with a haze of smoke and dust.
As soon as it is taken from the fire the exterior is removed, the core extracted, and the remaining part is placed in a sort of shallow stone mortar, and briskly worked with a pestle of the same substance.
It was built of stone and clay, there being no calcarcous stone in the neighborhood from which lime for mortar could be procured.
Gorgias of Leontium, partly entertaining the same doubt, and partly in jest, says, that as a mortar is made by a mortar-maker, so a citizen is made by a citizen-maker, and a Larisssean by a Larisssean-maker.