Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to much: much less, Much Ado About Nothing
adj. more, most, adj.
You use very much to say that something is true to a great extent.
When very much is used with a transitive verb, it usually goes after the object. Don't use it immediately after the verb. Don't say, for example, 'I enjoyed very much the party'. Say 'I enjoyed the party very much'.
In positive sentences, don't use much without very. Don't say, for example, 'I enjoyed it much' or 'We much agree' Say 'I enjoyed it very much' or 'We very much agree'.
In negative sentences, you can use much without 'very'.
You can also use much in negative sentences and questions to mean 'often'.
Don't use 'much' in positive sentences to mean 'often'. Don't say, for example, 'He comes here much'.
Many other words and expressions can be used to indicate degree.
You often use much or very much in front of comparative adjectives and adverbs. For example, if you want to emphasize the difference in size between two things, you can say that one thing is much bigger or very much bigger than the other.
Much more and very much more can be used in front of a noun to emphasize the difference between two quantities or amounts.
You use much too in front of an adjective to say that something cannot be done or achieved because someone or something has too much of a quality.
In sentences like these you put much in front of too, not after it. Don't say, for example, 'The bedrooms were too much cold'.
You use much in front of an uncountable noun to talk about a large quantity or amount of something. Much is usually used like this in negative sentences, in questions, or after too, so, or as.
In positive sentences, a lot of is usually used instead of 'much', especially in conversation and less formal writing.
In more formal writing, much is sometimes used, especially before abstract nouns such as discussion, debate, or attention.
In front of it, this, or that, use much of, not 'much'.
You also use much of in front of a noun phrase which begins with a determiner, such as the or a, or a possessive, such as my or his.
In positive sentences, a lot of is usually used instead of 'much of', especially in conversation and less formal writing.
You can use much as a pronoun to refer to a large quantity or amount of something.
You don't usually use 'much' as an object pronoun in positive sentences. Instead you use a lot. For example, don't say 'He knows much about butterflies'. Say 'He knows a lot about butterflies'.
|Noun||1.||much - a great amount or extent; "they did much for humanity"|
|Adj.||1.||much - (quantifier used with mass nouns) great in quantity or degree or extent; "not much rain"; "much affection"; "much grain is in storage"|
more, more than - (comparative of `much' used with mass nouns) a quantifier meaning greater in size or amount or extent or degree; "more land"; "more support"; "more rain fell"; "more than a gallon"
slight, little - (quantifier used with mass nouns) small in quantity or degree; not much or almost none or (with `a') at least some; "little rain fell in May"; "gave it little thought"; "little time is left"; "we still have little money"; "a little hope remained"; "there's slight chance that it will work"; "there's a slight chance it will work"
|Adv.||1.||much - to a great degree or extent; "she's much better now"|
|2.||much - very; "he was much annoyed"|
|3.||much - to a very great degree or extent; "I feel a lot better"; "we enjoyed ourselves very much"; "she was very much interested"; "this would help a great deal"|
|4.||much - (degree adverb used before a noun phrase) for all practical purposes but not completely; "much the same thing happened every time"; "practically everything in Hinduism is the manifestation of a god"|
|5.||much - frequently or in great quantities; "I don't drink much"; "I don't travel much"|
greatly hardly, slightly, barely, not much, only just, scarcely, not a lot
a lot little, very little, not much, not a lot, next to nothing, hardly anything, practically nothing
"much of a muchness" [John Vanburgh & Colley Cibber The Provok'd Husband]
there isn't much time → no tenemos mucho tiempo → tenemos poco tiempo
much crime goes unreported → hay muchos crímenes que no se denuncian
I haven't got as much energy as you → no tengo tanta energía como tú
how much sugar do you want? → ¿cuánto azúcar quieres?
so much tea → tanto té
she's got so much energy → tiene tanta energía
too much jam → demasiada mermelada f
we haven't got too much time → no tenemos demasiado tiempo
very much → mucho
we haven't very much time → no tenemos mucho tiempo, tenemos poco tiempo
without much money → sin mucho dinero
she doesn't go out much → no sale mucho
it doesn't much matter; it doesn't matter much → no importa mucho
I much regret that → siento mucho que ...
it won't finish much before midnight → no terminará mucho antes de la media noche
much better → mucho mejor
he's much richer than I am or than me → es mucho más rico que yo
much pleased → muy satisfecho
much as I would like to go → a pesar de que me gustaría mucho ir, aunque me gustaría mucho ir
much as I should like to → por mucho que quisiera
much as I like him → aunque or a pesar de que me gusta mucho
much as he hated the idea → a pesar de lo que odiaba la idea ...
much as I respect her ideas, I still think she's wrong → a pesar de que respeto mucho sus ideas or aunque respeto mucho sus ideas, creo que está equivocada
however much he tries → por mucho que se esfuerce
I hardly know her, much less her mother → apenas la conozco, y mucho menos a su madre
not much → no mucho
thank you (ever) so much → muchísimas gracias, muy agradecido
I feel ever so much better → me siento muchísimo mejor
much though I like him → por mucho que él me guste
much though he hated the idea, he knew that → a pesar de lo que odiaba la idea, sabía que ...
he had reservations about the scheme, much though he valued Alison's opinions → tenía sus dudas respecto al plan, a pesar de que valoraba mucho las opiniones de Alison
much to my astonishment → para gran sorpresa mía
he talks too much → habla demasiado
very much → mucho
I enjoyed myself very much → me divertí mucho
much the biggest → con mucho el más grande
I would much rather stay → prefiero mucho más quedarme
there isn't much to do → no hay mucho que hacer
but much remains to be done → pero queda mucho que or por hacer
you've got as much as she has → tienes tanto como ella
it didn't cost as much as I had expected → no costó tanto como yo me esperaba
it can cost as much as $2,000 → puede llegar a costar 2.000 dólares
that's a bit much! → ¡eso es demasiado!
there isn't much in it (between alternatives) → no hay mucha diferencia, no va mucho de uno a otro
how much is it a kilo? → ¿cuánto vale el kilo?
how much does it cost? → ¿cuánto cuesta?
she won but there wasn't much in it → ganó, pero no por mucho
she's not much to look at → físicamente no vale mucho
to make much of sth → dar mucha importancia a algo
much of this is true → gran parte de esto es verdad
we don't see much of each other → no nos vemos mucho
we haven't heard much of him lately → últimamente apenas sabemos nada de él
I'm not much of a musician → sé muy poco de música, entiendo poco de música
I'm not much of a cook → no cocino muy bien
he's not much of a player → como jugador no vale mucho
that wasn't much of a dinner → eso apenas se podía llamar cena
we spent so much → gastamos tanto
I've got so much to do → tengo tantísimo que hacer
that's too much → eso es demasiado
it's not up to much → no vale gran cosa
I haven't got much money → Je n'ai pas beaucoup d'argent.
I don't want much rice → Je ne veux pas beaucoup de riz.
not very much → pas beaucoup de
I haven't got very much money → Je n'ai pas beaucoup d'argent.
how much (+ noun) → combien de
How much time have you got? → Tu as combien de temps?
too much (+ noun) → trop de
They give us too much homework → Ils nous donnent trop de devoirs.
so much (+ noun) → tant de
I've never seen so much traffic → Je n'ai jamais vu tant de circulation.
There was so much traffic that → Il y avait tant de circulation que ...
Do you go out much? → Tu sors beaucoup?
I don't like sport much → Je n'aime pas beaucoup le sport.
I feel much better now → Je me sens beaucoup mieux maintenant.
very much → beaucoup
I enjoyed the film very much → J'ai beaucoup apprécié le film.
Thank you very much → Merci beaucoup.
I like it very much → J'aime beaucoup ça.
I like it so much → j'aime tellement ça
much to my amazement ... → à mon grand étonnement ...
not much (= only a small amount) → pas beaucoup
Have you got a lot of luggage? - No, not much → As-tu beaucoup de bagages? - Non, pas beaucoup. (= nothing of value) → pas grand-chose
What's on TV? - Not much → Qu'est-ce qu'il y a à la télé? - Pas grand-chose.
What did you think of it? - Not much → Qu'est-ce que tu en as pensé? - Pas grand-chose.
it's not much (= not a lot) → ce n'est pas beaucoup
how much? → combien?
How much do you want? → Tu en veux combien?
how much is it? → combien est-ce que ça coûte?
too much → trop
That's too much! → C'est trop
It costs too much → Ça coûte trop cher.
so much → tant
So much has happened → Il s'est passé tant de choses.
not so much → pas autant
I didn't think it would cost so much → Je ne pensais pas que ça coûterait autant.
I thought as much → c'est bien ce que je pensais