Danger-theory based artificial immune algorithm was designed in  to improve security through multipath routing
by means of attack detection.
SDSON establishes a new multipath routing
system that decouples routing control and data forwarding over overlay network.
16] implemented an Energy efficient node-disjoint multipath routing
protocol (EENDMRP) to increase the network lifetime.
The eleven contributions that make up the main body of the text are devoted to the debilities of the UMTS security mode set-up procedure and attacks against UMTS/HSPA devices, trustworthy architecture for wireless body sensor networks, security aspects of multipath routing
protocols, and a wide variety of other related subjects.
In the paper  the effect of multipath routing
and flow divided on the efficiency of wireless mesh networks were studied.
3] Liu Yong-Qiang, Yan Wei, Dai Ya-Fei, "A QoS-Aware Adaptive Multipath Routing
Protocol in Ad Hoc Network", Chinese Journal of Computers, vol.
Their approach relies on the base station to construct multipath routing
table for sensor nodes by using the topology information of the whole network.
Some specific topics explored are spatial-temporal access control for e-health services, node-disjoint multipath routing
with group mobility in MANETs, and a uniform user management system for cloud applications.
is an important strategy used in both sensor and ad-hoc network for performance enhancement.
Trust-based on-demand multipath routing
in mobile ad hoc networks" on Multi-Agent & Distributed information Security in IET Information Security, 5: 3.
Hence to optimize the utilization of energy at each node, we propose an energy efficient multipath routing
protocol for MANET for enhancing QoS and QoE metrics (EMRP-QQ), which can eventually minimize the data loss and hence there liability of the mobile nodes and the overall network.