Communalism was he answer when he finally broke with the anarchist tradition once and for all substituting a notion of local face-to-face democracy that provided a means of change and a form of praxis that advocated a form of libertarian municipalism
, neither individualistic nor nonrational but committed to values of social freedom in a way that transcended both Marxism and anarchism.
Jonathan Korsar attempts to integrate Bookchin's libertarian municipalism
with Jeremy Rifkin's concept of the 'zero marginal cost society'.
Leninist vanguardism (in all its perplexing and antagonistic variations), anarchist municipalism
, and social democratic "third wayism" are all now markers of the Left's past and not its future.
But that turnaround in its reputation had happened only because Dawson and others had vigorously extolled the virtues of municipalism
for a generation before.
Like those of us who support participatory economics, advocates of libertarian municipalism
, ecosocialism, and communitarian anarchism all argue that there is no place for either private enterprise or markets in a truly desirable economy.
For instance, Graeme Davison on suburbs, John Griffiths on transnational municipalism
, Andrew May on the gendered street, and Alan Mayne on Victorian slums.
These include a revised version of the libertarian municipalism
of the late Murray Bookchin, the Gandhian Sarvodaya movement in India, and the related movement in Sri Lanka called Sarvodaya Shramadana --the Gandhian approach to self-rule and voluntary redistribution of land as collective property to be managed by means of the gram sabha ("village assembly") and thepanchayat ("village committee").