mycorrhiza

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Related to mycorrhizal: Mycorrhizal fungi

my·cor·rhi·za

or my·co·rhi·za (mī′kə-rī′zə)
n. pl. my·cor·rhi·zae (-zē) or my·cor·rhi·zas or my·co·rhi·zae or my·co·rhi·zas
The symbiotic association of the mycelium of a fungus with the roots of a plant, as is found in the majority of vascular plants.

[myco- + Greek rhiza, root; see wrād- in Indo-European roots.]

my′cor·rhi′zal adj.

mycorrhiza

(ˌmaɪkəˈraɪzə) or

mycorhiza

n, pl -zae (-ziː) or -zas
(Botany) an association of a fungus and a plant in which the fungus lives within or on the outside of the plant's roots forming a symbiotic or parasitic relationship. See ectotrophic mycorrhiza, endotrophic mycorrhiza
[C19: from myco- + Greek rhiza root]
ˌmycorˈrhizal, ˌmycoˈrhizal adj

my•cor•rhi•za

(ˌmaɪ kəˈraɪ zə)

n., pl. -zae (-zē), -zas.
a symbiotic association of the mycelium of a fungus, esp. a basidiomycete, with the roots of certain plants, in which the hyphae form a closely woven mass around the rootlets or penetrate the cells of the root.
[1890–95]
my`cor•rhi′zal, my`co•rhi′zal, adj.
Translations
mycorhize
References in periodicals archive ?
Several genes required for sensing of mycorrhizal symbionts and subsequent colonization have been shown to affect interaction with root pathogens.
The text provides a very detailed review of all aspects of transplanting; describes how roots work their magic to improve soil nutrients; investigates the hidden life of soil microbes and their mysterious relationship to roots; explores the question of whether deep roots really gather more unique nutrients than shallow roots; shares the latest research about the mysteries of mycorrhizal (good fungal) association; shows you exactly where to put your fertilizer, compost, water, and mulch to help plants flourish; tells you why gray water increases crop yields more than fresh water; and, most importantly, reveals the science behind all the above (with citations for each scientific paper).
These microorganisms, especially mycorrhizal fungi, are what Indian environmentalist Vandana Shiva calls the "brains of the plants.
Groundwork's highly-effective mycorrhizal inoculants heralded as breakthrough in rapidly-growing bioagriculture market
We previously studied the effects of salinity on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (Barin et al.
Many native orchids require specialized habitats, and they have a symbiotic relationship with mycorrhizal fungi.
Legume roots are exposed to arrange of soil microorganisms with which they form a variety of interactions such as Rhizobum and arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) symbioses.
Delayed growth of mycoheterotrophic gametophytes under natural conditions would increase the time available for colonization by appropriate mycorrhizal fungi.
6 Use mycorrhizal fungi when planting new roses - this will help establish a healthy relationship between soil and roots and give your rose the best chance.
elegans axonal cytoskeleton, kinesins, TRP channels and pain, eukaryotic cell migration in the brain, in mathematical modeling, and as a function of microtubule activity, tissue layering in the visual system, membrane fusion with GTP and scission by viruses, gut-microbe interactions, and symbiotic mycorrhizal development.
micrantha) using morphology, DNA sequences, and the identities of mycorrhizal fungi associated with the roots of the orchids.
According to experts, mycorrhizal fungus possesses "symbiotic ties with plants".