myelin


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Related to myelin: demyelination, Myelin basic protein

my·e·lin

 (mī′ə-lĭn) also my·e·line (-lĭn, -lēn′)
n.
A white fatty material, composed chiefly of lipids and lipoproteins, that encloses certain axons and nerve fibers. Also called medulla.

my′e·lin′ic adj.

myelin

(ˈmaɪɪlɪn) or

myeline

n
(Anatomy) a white tissue forming an insulating sheath (myelin sheath) around certain nerve fibres. Damage to the myelin sheath causes neurological disease, as in multiple sclerosis
ˌmyeˈlinic adj

my•e•lin

(ˈmaɪ ə lɪn)

n.
a soft, white, fatty material in the membrane of Schwann cells and certain neuroglial cells of the nervous system: the substance of the myelin sheath.
[1865–70]
my`e•lin′ic, adj.

my·e·lin

(mī′ə-lĭn)
A whitish, fatty substance that forms a sheath around many nerve fibers. Myelin insulates the nerves and permits nerve impulses to travel more rapidly. The white matter of the brain is composed of nerve fibers covered in myelin.

myelin

The fatty white substance forming an insulating sheath around many nerve fibers.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.myelin - a white fatty substance that forms a medullary sheath around the axis cylinder of some nerve fibersmyelin - a white fatty substance that forms a medullary sheath around the axis cylinder of some nerve fibers
medullary sheath, myelin sheath - a layer of myelin encasing (and insulating) the axons of medullated nerve fibers
fat - a soft greasy substance occurring in organic tissue and consisting of a mixture of lipids (mostly triglycerides); "pizza has too much fat"
Translations
myelin

my·e·lin

n. mielina, sustancia de tipo grasoso que cubre las fibras nerviosas.

myelin

n mielina
References in periodicals archive ?
The grass roots campaign was led by three mothers and advocates affected by ALD, two of whom have lost children to the disease: Patti Chapman of The Myelin Project, Gina Cousineau of Be a Hero Become a Donor Foundation, and Janis Sherwood of Fight ALD.
In addition, the group, which includes physiologists Jeremy Miles and Lea Rempel, is examining supplements like creatine to determine the effects on stillbirth, preweaning survival, and myelin production.
They have discovered "vital" information about the way our bodies produce myelin, a fatty sheath that insulates and protects nerve fibres.
The embryos are also translucent, making it easy to observe the formation of myelin (the substance that surrounds nerves and is a major target for the immune attack in MS) and other processes.
London, April 15 ( ANI ): Scientists at Case Western Reserve School of Medicine have discovered a new technique that directly converts skin cells to the type of brain cells destroyed in patients with multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy and other so-called myelin disorders.
The Myelin Repair Foundation (MRF) and ENDECE Neural, LLC have formed a partnership to expedite the advancement of myelin regeneration drug candidates for Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients through pre-clinical studies and into Phase I clinical studies.
Part of the reason MS tends to worsen as patients get older is that the body's ability to replace the myelin sheaths that surround nerve fibers and cause them to function normally is impaired in aging MS patients.
The molecule is able to stimulate stem cells to repair myelin, the fatty material that coats and insulates nerves.
About MBP8298 - Novel Mechanism of Action In MS patients, the body's immune system inappropriately attacks the myelin coating around the nerves in the brain and spinal column, whereas healthy people are otherwise "tolerant" of such common body components.
Myelin is stripped, axons (nerve fibers) have broken, and entire nerve cells have died.
It works by helping to form a fatty white coating called myelin, which is destroyed by the immune system in people with MS.
Because axons lose myelin after a trauma such as spinal cord injury, scientists have explored using OECs as a possible treatment.