myristic acid

Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to myristic acid: lauric acid, stearic acid

my·ris·tic acid

 (mə-rĭs′tĭk, mī-)
A fatty acid, C14H28O2, occurring in animal and vegetable fats and used in the manufacture of cosmetics, soaps, perfumes, and flavorings.

[New Latin Myristica, genus of the nutmeg tree (myristic acid having been first isolated from oil of nutmeg), from Medieval Latin nux myristica, nutmeg (literally, "fragrant nut"), partial translation of Byzantine Greek karuon muristikon : karuon, nut + muristikon, neuter of muristikos, fragrant (from murizein, to anoint, perfume, from muron, perfumed oil, unguent, perhaps akin to Old English smerian, to smear, or perhaps a loanword from an unknown Near Eastern source).]

myristic acid

(Chemistry) a fatty acid found in nutmeg oil and certain vegetable and animal fats

my•ris′tic ac′id

(məˈrɪs tɪk)
an oily, white crystalline compound, C14H28O2, used in soaps, cosmetics, flavors, and perfumes.
[1840–50; < New Latin Myristica the nutmeg genus (the acid is a constituent of oil derived from nutmeg) < Greek myristikḗ, feminine of myristikós fragrant]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.myristic acid - a saturated fatty acid occurring naturally in animal and vegetable fats
saturated fatty acid - a fatty acid whose carbon chain cannot absorb any more hydrogen atoms; found chiefly in animal fats
References in periodicals archive ?
These included Methyl laurate (25), methyl myristate (33) and myristic acid (34), methyl iso-pentadecanoate (37), methyl pentadecylate (40), isopropyl myristate (41), methyl palmitoleate (46), palmitoleic acid (49), methyl palmitate (47) and palmitic acid (51), methyl margarate (52), methyl linoleate (54), methyl oleate (55), Oleic acid (59), methyl elaidate (56), methyl stearate (58), methyl 9Z,12E-Octadecadienoate (60), methyl arachidonate (63), gondoic acid (64), methyl arachidate (65), methyl erucate (69), methyl behenate (70), and methyl lignocerate (75).
The reduction of the saturated fatty acids, in particular lauric acid, myristic acid and palmitic acid is important, considering that they are involved in some pathologies (ULBRICHT & SOUTHGATE, 1991), whereas the increase of polyunsaturated fatty acids are related to healthier products (JAKOBSEN et al.
In decreasing order, linolenic acid (LA, 18:2n-6), oleic acid (18:1n-9), palmitic acid (16:0), alpha linoleic acid (18:3n-3), vaccenic acid (18:1n-7), palmitoleic acid (16:1n-7) and myristic acid (14:0) were the most abundant fatty acids detected.
The major acid components of oil found by TLC were caproic acid, caprylic acid, capric acid, myristic acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid, oleic acid, etc.
Contract awarded for Myristic acid 2ea and other 36 species
Higher intakes of the most commonly consumed major saturated fatty acids (lauric acid, myristic acid, palmitic acid, and stearic acid) was associated with a 24-percent increase in CHD.
Supplementation of 9% DDGS in pig diet did not affect the levels of saturated fatty acids including lauric acid (C12:0), myristic acid (C14:0), palmitic acid (C16:0), stearic acid (C18:0) and unsaturated fatty acids including vaccenic acid (C18:1-t11) and linoleic acid (C18:2).
Since coconut has a vegetable origin, it has a high content of saturated fatty acids (Jayadas & Nair, 2006), mainly consisting of triglycerides with low degree of unsaturation, comprising two major fatty acids, lauric acid and myristic acid (Pham, Casa, Gregorio, & Kwon, 1998).
Atul Sharma et al [9] has studied about the development of phase change materials for low temperature energy storage applications using binary mixtures of commercial grade acids such as Lauric acid (LA), Myristic acid (MA), Stearic acid (SA) and Palmitic acid (PA).
Among the other substances positively identified in the study were nicotine, myristic acid and isopropyl myristate, cocaine, cinnamaldehyde, vanillin, quinolene and butyl quinone, borneol and other forms of camphor, pyrene, phenol, toluene and naphthalene.