nail


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nail
left to right: common, finishing, ring, and roofing nails

nail

 (nāl)
n.
1. A slim, pointed piece of metal hammered into material as a fastener.
2.
a. A fingernail or toenail.
b. A claw or talon.
3. Something resembling a nail in shape, sharpness, or use.
4. A measure of length formerly used for cloth, equal to 1/16 yard (5.7 centimeters).
tr.v. nailed, nail·ing, nails
1. To fasten, join, or attach with or as if with a nail.
2. To cover, enclose, or shut by fastening with nails: nail up a window.
3. To keep fixed, motionless, or intent: Fear nailed me to my seat.
4. Slang
a. To stop and seize; catch: Police nailed the suspect.
b. To detect and expose: nailed the senator in a lie; nail corruption before it gets out of control.
5. Slang
a. To strike or bring down: nail a bird in flight; nail a running back.
b. To perform successfully or have noteworthy success in: nailed the dive; nailed the exam.
6. Baseball To put out (a base runner).
7. Vulgar Slang To have sexual intercourse with.
Phrasal Verb:
nail down
1. To discover or establish conclusively: nailed down the story by checking all the facts.
2. To win: nailed down another victory in the golf tournament.
3. To specify or fix: We were finally able to nail down a meeting time.

[Middle English, from Old English nægl, fingernail, toenail; see nogh- in Indo-European roots.]

nail′er n.

nail

(neɪl)
n
1. (Tools) a fastening device usually made from round or oval wire, having a point at one end and a head at the other
2. anything resembling such a fastening device, esp in function or shape
3. (Anatomy) the horny plate covering part of the dorsal surface of the fingers or toes. See fingernail, toenail
4. (Zoology) the claw of a mammal, bird, or reptile
5. slang a hypodermic needle, used for injecting drugs
6. (Units) a unit of length, formerly used for measuring cloth, equal to two and a quarter inches
7. a nail in one's coffin an experience or event that tends to shorten life or hasten the end of something
8. bite one's nails
a. to chew off the ends of one's fingernails
b. to be worried or apprehensive
9. hard as nails
a. in tough physical condition
b. without sentiment or feelings
10. hit the nail on the head to do or say something correct or telling
11. on the nail (of payments) at once (esp in the phrase pay on the nail)
vb (tr)
12. to attach with or as if with nails
13. informal to arrest or seize
14. informal to hit or bring down, as with a shot: I nailed the sniper.
15. informal to expose or detect (a lie or liar)
16. to fix or focus (one's eyes, attention, etc) on an object
17. to stud with nails
[Old English nǣgl; related to Old High German nagal nail, Latin unguis fingernail, claw, Greek onux]
ˈnailer n
ˈnail-less adj

nail

(neɪl)
n.
1. a slender, rod-shaped piece of metal, typically having a pointed tip and a flattened head, made to be hammered into wood or other material as a fastener or support.
2. a thin, horny plate, consisting of modified epidermis, growing on the upper side of the end of a finger or toe.
3. a former measure of length for cloth, equal to 2¼ in. (6.4 cm).
v.t.
4. to fasten with a nail or nails.
5. to enclose or shut by nailing (often fol. by up).
6. to keep firmly in one place or position.
7. Informal. to catch or seize.
8. to accomplish perfectly: the only gymnast to nail the dismount.
9. nail down, to make final; settle once and for all.
Idioms:
1. hit the nail on the head, to say or do exactly the right thing.
2. nail in someone's or something's coffin, something that hastens the demise or failure of a person or thing: Every moment's delay is another nail in his coffin.
[before 900; (n.) Middle English nayl(l), Old English nægl, c. Old Frisian neil, Old Saxon, Old High German nagal (German Nagel), Old Norse nagl fingernail; akin to Old Irish ingen, Latin unguis, Greek ónyx]

nail


Past participle: nailed
Gerund: nailing

Imperative
nail
nail
Present
I nail
you nail
he/she/it nails
we nail
you nail
they nail
Preterite
I nailed
you nailed
he/she/it nailed
we nailed
you nailed
they nailed
Present Continuous
I am nailing
you are nailing
he/she/it is nailing
we are nailing
you are nailing
they are nailing
Present Perfect
I have nailed
you have nailed
he/she/it has nailed
we have nailed
you have nailed
they have nailed
Past Continuous
I was nailing
you were nailing
he/she/it was nailing
we were nailing
you were nailing
they were nailing
Past Perfect
I had nailed
you had nailed
he/she/it had nailed
we had nailed
you had nailed
they had nailed
Future
I will nail
you will nail
he/she/it will nail
we will nail
you will nail
they will nail
Future Perfect
I will have nailed
you will have nailed
he/she/it will have nailed
we will have nailed
you will have nailed
they will have nailed
Future Continuous
I will be nailing
you will be nailing
he/she/it will be nailing
we will be nailing
you will be nailing
they will be nailing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been nailing
you have been nailing
he/she/it has been nailing
we have been nailing
you have been nailing
they have been nailing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been nailing
you will have been nailing
he/she/it will have been nailing
we will have been nailing
you will have been nailing
they will have been nailing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been nailing
you had been nailing
he/she/it had been nailing
we had been nailing
you had been nailing
they had been nailing
Conditional
I would nail
you would nail
he/she/it would nail
we would nail
you would nail
they would nail
Past Conditional
I would have nailed
you would have nailed
he/she/it would have nailed
we would have nailed
you would have nailed
they would have nailed

Nail

A linear measurement used for cloth. It equals two and a quarter inches.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.nail - horny plate covering and protecting part of the dorsal surface of the digitsnail - horny plate covering and protecting part of the dorsal surface of the digits
integumentary system - the skin and its appendages
dactyl, digit - a finger or toe in human beings or corresponding body part in other vertebrates
horny structure, unguis - any rigid body structure composed primarily of keratin
half-moon, lunula, lunule - the crescent-shaped area at the base of the human fingernail
matrix - the formative tissue at the base of a nail
fingernail - the nail at the end of a finger
toenail - the nail at the end of a toe
2.nail - a thin pointed piece of metal that is hammered into materials as a fastenernail - a thin pointed piece of metal that is hammered into materials as a fastener
brad - a small nail
clinch - the flattened part of a nail or bolt or rivet
clout nail, clout - a short nail with a flat head; used to attach sheet metal to wood
doornail - a nail with a large head; formerly used to decorate doors
eightpenny nail - a nail 2.5 inches long
fastening, holdfast, fastener, fixing - restraint that attaches to something or holds something in place
fourpenny nail - a nail 1.5 inches long
head - a projection out from one end; "the head of the nail", "a pinhead is the head of a pin"
hobnail - a short nail with a thick head; used to protect the soles of boots
nailhead - flattened boss on the end of nail opposite to the point
shank, stem - cylinder forming a long narrow part of something
sixpenny nail - a nail 2 inches long
spike - a large stout nail; "they used spikes to fasten the rails to a railroad tie"
staple - a short U-shaped wire nail for securing cables
stub nail - a short thick nail
tack - a short nail with a sharp point and a large head
tenpenny nail - a nail 3 inches long
3.nail - a former unit of length for cloth equal to 1/16 of a yard
linear measure, linear unit - a unit of measurement of length
Verb1.nail - attach something somewhere by means of nailsnail - attach something somewhere by means of nails; "nail the board onto the wall"
attach - cause to be attached
narrow down, pin down, peg down, nail down, narrow, specify - define clearly; "I cannot narrow down the rules for this game"
2.nail - take into custodynail - take into custody; "the police nabbed the suspected criminals"
clutch, prehend, seize - take hold of; grab; "The sales clerk quickly seized the money on the counter"; "She clutched her purse"; "The mother seized her child by the arm"; "Birds of prey often seize small mammals"
3.nail - hit hardnail - hit hard; "He smashed a 3-run homer"
hit - deal a blow to, either with the hand or with an instrument; "He hit her hard in the face"
4.nail - succeed in obtaining a positionnail - succeed in obtaining a position; "He nailed down a spot at Harvard"
bring home the bacon, deliver the goods, succeed, win, come through - attain success or reach a desired goal; "The enterprise succeeded"; "We succeeded in getting tickets to the show"; "she struggled to overcome her handicap and won"
5.nail - succeed at easilynail - succeed at easily; "She sailed through her exams"; "You will pass with flying colors"; "She nailed her astrophysics course"
make it, pass - go successfully through a test or a selection process; "She passed the new Jersey Bar Exam and can practice law now"
6.nail - locate exactly; "can you pinpoint the position of the enemy?"; "The chemists could not nail the identity of the chromosome"
locate, turn up - discover the location of; determine the place of; find by searching or examining; "Can you locate your cousins in the Midwest?"; "My search turned up nothing"
7.nail - complete a passnail - complete a pass      
football, football game - any of various games played with a ball (round or oval) in which two teams try to kick or carry or propel the ball into each other's goal
play - participate in games or sport; "We played hockey all afternoon"; "play cards"; "Pele played for the Brazilian teams in many important matches"

nail

noun
1. tack, spike, rivet, hobnail, brad (technical) A mirror hung on a nail above the washstand.
2. fingernail, toenail, talon, thumbnail, claw, unguis (technical) Keep your nails short and your hands clean.
verb
1. fasten, fix, secure, attach, pin, hammer, tack Frank put the first plank down and nailed it in place.
2. catch, arrest, capture, apprehend, lift (slang), trap, nab (informal), snare, ensnare, entrap, feel your collar (slang) The police have been trying to nail him for years.
on the nail immediately, promptly, at once, straight away, without delay, punctually She insisted her lodgers pay her every Friday, on the nail.
Related words
technical name unguis
adjective ungual, ungular

nail

verb
Slang. To gain possession of, especially after a struggle or chase:
Informal: bag.
Translations
ظُفْرمِسْمارمِسْمَارٌيُسَمِّر، يَدُق بالمِسْمار
hřebíknehetpřibít
neglsømsømmenagle
ungo
nael
ناخن
kynsinaulanaulata
कीलनाख़ुन
čavaonokatnokti
körömrászegezszegezszög
kuku
nöglnaglinegla
손톱
clavusunguis
nagų brūžiklisnagų lakasnagų šepetukasnagų žirklutėspataikyti kaip pirštu į akį
nagspienaglotnagla
unghie
pribiť
žebeljnohtpribiticvek
čavaoeksergvozdklinгвозд
spikspikanagelnaglar
เล็บ
ناخنکیل
móng

nail

[neɪl]
A. N
1. (Anat) → uña f
to bite one's nailsmorderse las uñas
2. (metal) → clavo m
a nail in sb's coffin this is another nail in his coffinéste es otro paso hacia su destrucción
to hit the nail on the headdar en el clavo
to pay (cash) on the nailpagar en el acto, pagar a tocateja (Sp)
see also hard A1
B. VT
1. (= fix with nails) → clavar, sujetar con clavos
to nail two things togetherfijar or unir dos cosas con clavos
2. (= catch, get hold of) → agarrar, pillar
3. (= expose) [+ lie] → poner al descubierto; [+ rumour] → demostrar la falsedad de
4. (= define) → definir, precisar
C. CPD nail bomb Nbomba f de metralla
nail clippers NPLcortauñas m inv
nail enamel (US) Nesmalte m de uñas
nail file Nlima f (para las uñas)
nail polish Nesmalte m de uñas
nail polish remover Nquitaesmalte m
nail scissors NPLtijeras fpl para las uñas
nail varnish Nesmalte m de uñas
nail varnish remover Nquitaesmalte m
nail down VT + ADV
1. (= secure with nails) → clavar, sujetar con clavos
2. (fig) [+ person] → obligar a concretar
you can't nail him downes imposible hacerle concretar
we nailed him down to a datele forzamos a fijar una fecha
nail up VT + ADV (= fix) (on wall) → clavar; (= close) [+ window] → condenar (claveteándole tablas)

nail

[ˈneɪl]
n
(human)ongle m
Don't bite your nails! → Ne te ronge pas les ongles!
(metal)clou m
to be as hard as nails → être coriace
to hit the nail on the head → mettre dans le mille
to pay cash on the nail (British)payer rubis sur l'ongle
vt
[+ object] → clouer
to nail sth to sth → clouer qch à qch
There were signs nailed to the trees all along Bear Creek → Il y avait des pancartes clouées aux arbres d'un bout à l'autre de Bear Creek.
to nail sth on sth → clouer qch sur qch
to be nailed shut → être condamné(e)
The windows were all nailed shut → Les fenêtres étaient toutes condamnées.
[+ person] → coincer
to nail sb for sth [+ crime] → coincer qn pour qch
They managed to nail him for several robberies → Ils ont réussi à le coincer pour plusieurs vols.
nail down
vt sep
(= put one's finger on) → mettre le doigt sur
There's something odd about him but I can't nail it down → Il y a quelque chose de bizarre chez lui mais je n'arrive pas à mettre le doigt dessus.
[+ source, time] → situer
Could you nail down the source of this tension? → Pouvez-vous situer la source de cette tension?
[+ agreement] → arrêter
to nail sb down to sth [+ date, price] → contraindre qn à accepter qch
[+ lid, floorboard] → clouernail-biting [ˈneɪlbaɪtɪŋ] adj [film] → à suspense, haletant(e); [match, finish] → haletant(e)nail bomb nbombe f à clousnail brush nailbrush [ˈneɪlbrʌʃ] nbrosse f à onglesnail clippers nplcoupe-ongles m invnail file nailfile [ˈneɪlfaɪl] nlime f à onglesnail polish nvernis m à onglesnail polish remover ndissolvant mnail scissors nplciseaux mpl à onglesnail varnish n (British)vernis m à onglesnail varnish remover ndissolvant m

nail

n
(Anat) → Nagel m
(Tech) → Nagel m; as hard as nailsknallhart (inf), → (unheimlich) hart; (physically) → zäh wie Leder; on the nail (Brit fig inf) → auf der Stelle, sofort; cash on the nail (Brit inf) → Bargeld nt; to hit the nail (right) on the head (fig)den Nagel auf den Kopf treffen; to drive a nail into somebody’s coffin (fig) to be a nail in somebody’s coffin (fig)ein Nagel zu jds Sarg sein
vt
(= fix with nails, put nails into)nageln; to nail something to the floor/door/walletw an den Boden/an die Tür/Wand nageln, etw auf dem Boden/an der Tür/Wand festnageln; nail this on herenageln Sie das hier an or fest; he nailed his opponent to the canvaser pinnte seinen Gegner auf die Matte (inf)
(fig) personfestnageln; fear nailed him to the spoter war vor Furcht wie auf der Stelle festgenagelt; they nailed the dealsie haben den Handel unter Dach und Fach gebracht; to nail a lieeine Lüge entlarven or entblößen
(inf) to nail somebodysich (dat)jdn schnappen (inf); (= charge)jdn drankriegen (inf)

nail

in cpdsNagel-;
nailbiter
n
Nägelkauer(in) m(f)
(inf: = Film) → spannender Film; (= book)spannendes Buch
nail-biting
nNägelkauen nt
adj (inf) suspenseatemlos; matchspannungsgeladen; it’s a nail time for themsie machen eine spannungsreiche Zeit durch
nailbrush
nNagelbürste f
nail clippers
plNagelzwicker m
nailfile
nNagelfeile f
nail hardener
nNagelhärter m
nail polish
nNagellack m
nail polish remover
nail scissors
plNagelschere f
nail varnish
n (Brit) → Nagellack m
nail varnish remover

nail

[neɪl]
1. n
a. (Anat) → unghia
to bite one's nails → mangiarsi le unghie
b. (metal) → chiodo
to hit the nail on the head (fig) → cogliere or colpire nel segno
to pay cash on the nail (Brit) → pagare subito e in contanti, pagare sull'unghia (fam)
2. vt (also) (fig) (fam) (criminal) → inchiodare
to nail the lid on a box → inchiodare il coperchio di una cassa
nail down vt + advfissare con chiodi, inchiodare (fig) to nail sb down to a datecostringere qn a una data
to nail sb down to a promise → costringere qn a fare una promessa
to nail sb down to a price → costringere qn ad accettare un prezzo
nail up vt + adv (picture, sign) → fissare con un chiodo; (door) → chiudere con chiodi

nail

(neil) noun
1. a piece of horn-like substance which grows over the ends of the fingers and toes to protect them. I've broken my nail; toe-nails; Don't bite your finger-nails.
2. a thin pointed piece of metal used to fasten pieces of wood etc together. He hammered a nail into the wall and hung a picture on it.
verb
to fasten with nails. He nailed the picture to the wall.
ˈnail-brush noun
a small brush used for cleaning one's nails.
ˈnail-file noun
a small instrument with a rough surface, used for smoothing or shaping the edges of one's finger-nails.
ˈnail-polish, ˈnail-varnish nouns
a substance used to colour and/or varnish one's nails.
ˈnail-scissors noun plural
scissors for trimming one's nails.
hit the nail on the head
to be absolutely accurate (in one's description of something or someone, in an estimate of something etc).

nail

ظُفْر, مِسْمَارٌ hřebík, nehet negl, søm Nagel νύχι uña kynsi, naula clou, ongle čavao, nokti chiodo, unghia, 釘, 손톱 nagel, spijker negl paznokieć prego, unha гвоздь, ноготь naglar, spik เล็บ çivi, tırnak móng 指甲

nail

n. uña de los dedos del pie o de las manos;
1.
ingrown ___uñero, ___ encarnada;
___ polishesmalte de las uñas;
___ infectioninfección de;
___ scratcharañazo;
___ bitingcomerse la uñas
2. clavo. V.: pin.

nail

n (anat) uña; (carpentry) clavo; ingrown — uña encarnada, uña enterrada (esp. Mex); — clippers cortaúñas m; — file lima de or para uñas; — polish esmalte m de or para uñas; — scissors tijeras de or para uñas
References in classic literature ?
Going to a cloth bag that hung on a nail by the wall she took out a long pair of sewing scissors and held them in her hand like a dagger.
At a look from grandfather, Fuchs and Jelinek placed the lid on the box, and began to nail it down over Mr.
It turned out to be Captain Bildad, who along with Captain Peleg was one of the largest owners of the vessel; the other shares, as is sometimes the case in these ports, being held by a crowd of old annuitants; widows, fatherless children, and chancery wards; each owning about the value of a timber head, or a foot of plank, or a nail or two in the ship.
A nail in one of my front shoes had started as I came along, but the hostler did not notice it till just about four o'clock.
There are other trusts in the country just as illegal and extortionate as the Beef Trust: there is the Coal Trust, that freezes the poor in winter--there is the Steel Trust, that doubles the price of every nail in your shoes--there is the Oil Trust, that keeps you from reading at night--and why do you suppose it is that all the fury of the press and the government is directed against the Beef Trust?
It's an ill wind dat blow nowhar,--dat ar a fact," said Sam, sententiously, giving an additional hoist to his pantaloons, and adroitly substituting a long nail in place of a missing suspender-button, with which effort of mechanical genius he seemed highly delighted.
This was not such a very extravagant speech, either, for that burly Mannheim tenor's praises had been the talk of all Heidelberg for a week before his performance took place--yet his voice was like the distressing noise which a nail makes when you screech it across a window-pane.
Packard didn't take no notice of that, but hung up his lantern on a nail and started towards where I was there in the dark, and motioned Bill to come.
There, we'll hang your soppy hat on the nail, put your jacket over the chair rail, an' then you turn your back to the stove an' dry yourself good.
This is legitimate, et j'y tiens, as Adele would say; and it is by virtue of this superiority, and this alone, that I desire you to have the goodness to talk to me a little now, and divert my thoughts, which are galled with dwelling on one point--cankering as a rusty nail.
Now you have hit the right nail on the head at last.
But I've got a motive, as my fellow-partner used to say; and I go at it tooth and nail.