naive


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na·ive

or na·ïve  (nī-ēv′, nä-) also na·if or na·ïf (nī-ēf′, nä-)
adj.
1. Lacking worldly experience and understanding, especially:
a. Simple and guileless; artless: a child with a naive charm.
b. Unsuspecting or credulous: naive victims of the scam.
2. Showing or characterized by a lack of sophistication and critical judgment: "this extravagance of metaphors, with its naive bombast" (H.L. Mencken).
3. Not having experienced or been subjected to something, as:
a. Not previously subjected to experiments: testing naive mice.
b. Not having previously taken or received a particular drug: patients naive to antipsychotic medication.
n.
One who is artless, credulous, or uncritical.

[French naïve, feminine of naïf, from Old French naif, natural, native, from Latin nātīvus, native, rustic, from nātus, past participle of nāscī, to be born; see genə- in Indo-European roots.]

na·ive′ly adv.
na·ive′ness n.
Synonyms: naive, simple, ingenuous, unsophisticated, natural, unaffected, guileless, artless
These adjectives mean free from guile, cunning, or sham. Naive sometimes connotes a credulity that impedes effective functioning in a practical world: "this naive simple creature, with his straightforward and friendly eyes so eager to believe appearances" (Arnold Bennett).
Simple stresses absence of complexity, artifice, pretentiousness, or dissimulation: "Those of highest worth and breeding are most simple in manner and attire" (Francis Parkman). "Among simple people she had the reputation of being a prodigy of information" (Harriet Beecher Stowe).
Ingenuous denotes childlike directness, simplicity, and innocence; it connotes an inability to mask one's feelings: an ingenuous admission of responsibility. Unsophisticated indicates absence of worldliness: the astonishment of unsophisticated tourists at the tall buildings. Natural stresses spontaneity that is the result of freedom from self-consciousness or inhibitions: "When Kavanagh was present, Alice was happy, but embarrassed; Cecilia, joyous and natural" (Henry Wadsworth Longfellow).
Unaffected implies sincerity and lack of affectation: "With men he can be rational and unaffected, but when he has ladies to please, every feature works" (Jane Austen).
Guileless signifies absence of insidious or treacherous cunning: a guileless, disarming look. Artless stresses absence of plan or purpose and suggests unconcern for or lack of awareness of the reaction produced in others: a child of artless grace and simple goodness.

naive

(naɪˈiːv) or

naïve

;

naïf

adj
1.
a. having or expressing innocence and credulity; ingenuous
b. (as collective noun; preceded by the): only the naive believed him.
2. artless or unsophisticated
3. lacking developed powers of analysis, reasoning, or criticism: a naive argument.
4. another word for primitive5
n
(Art Terms) rare a person who is naive, esp in artistic style. See primitive10
[C17: from French, feminine of naïf, from Old French naif native, spontaneous, from Latin nātīvus native, from nasci to be born]
naˈively, naˈïvely, naˈïfly adv
naˈiveness, naˈïveness, naˈïfness n

na•ive

or na•ïve

(nɑˈiv)

adj.
1. having or showing unaffected simplicity of nature; unsophisticated; ingenuous.
2. having or showing a lack of experience, judgment, or information; credulous.
3. marked by a simple style reflecting little or no formal training: naive painting.
4. not having previously been the subject of a scientific experiment, as an animal.
[1645–55; < French, feminine of naïf, Old French naif natural, instinctive < Latin nātīvus native]
na•ive′ly, adv.
na•ive′ness, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.naive - marked by or showing unaffected simplicity and lack of guile or worldly experience; "a teenager's naive ignorance of life"; "the naive assumption that things can only get better"; "this naive simple creature with wide friendly eyes so eager to believe appearances"
credulous - disposed to believe on little evidence; "the gimmick would convince none but the most credulous"
uninformed - not informed; lacking in knowledge or information; "the uninformed public"
unworldly - not concerned with the temporal world or swayed by mundane considerations; "was unworldly and did not greatly miss worldly rewards"- Sheldon Cheney
sophisticated - having or appealing to those having worldly knowledge and refinement and savoir-faire; "sophisticated young socialites"; "a sophisticated audience"; "a sophisticated lifestyle"; "a sophisticated book"
2.naive - of or created by one without formal training; simple or naive in style; "primitive art such as that by Grandma Moses is often colorful and striking"
beaux arts, fine arts - the study and creation of visual works of art
untrained - not disciplined or conditioned or made adept by training; "an untrained voice"; "untrained troops"; "young minds untrained in the habit of concentration"
3.naive - inexperienced
innate, unconditioned, unlearned - not established by conditioning or learning; "an unconditioned reflex"
4.naive - lacking information or instructionnaive - lacking information or instruction; "lamentably unenlightened as to the laws"
uninformed - not informed; lacking in knowledge or information; "the uninformed public"
5.naive - not initiated; deficient in relevant experience; "it seemed a bizarre ceremony to uninitiated western eyes"; "he took part in the experiment as a naive subject"
inexperienced, inexperient - lacking practical experience or training

naive

naive

or naïve
also naif or naïf

adjective
2. Easily imposed on or tricked:
noun
A guileless, unsophisticated person:
Translations
بَسيط وجاهِلسَاذَجٌساذِج
naivníprostoduchýprostý
naivenfoldig
naiivi
naivan
gyermeteg
barnalegur; einlægureinfaldur
うぶな
순진한
naiviainegudraujantis
aprobežotsnaivsvienkāršs
naiven
naiv
ไม่มีเล่ห์เหลี่ยม ไม่มีมารยา
saftoybasit ve hilesizbönnaiv
ngây thơ

naïve

naive [naɪˈiːv] ADJ
1. [person] → ingenuo; [argument] → simplista; [attitude, views] → ingenuo, cándido
2. (Art) → naif

naïve

naive [naɪˈiːv] adjnaïf/ïve
to be naïve of sb to do sth
It was naive of him to believe her → C'était naïf de sa part de la croire.
it's naive to think (that) ... → il est naïf de penser que ...
politically naive → politiquement naïf

naïve

adj (+er)naiv (also Art); person, remark alsoeinfältig

naïve

[naɪˈiːv] adjingenuo/a

naïve,

naive

(naiˈiːv) adjective
1. simple and straightforward in one's way of thinking, speaking etc.
2. ignorantly simple.
naˈively adverb

naive

سَاذَجٌ naivní naiv naiv αφελής ingenuo naiivi naïf naivan ingenuo うぶな 순진한 naïef naiv naiwny ingénuo, ingênuo наивный naiv ไม่มีเล่ห์เหลี่ยม ไม่มีมารยา saf ngây thơ 天真的

naive

a. ingenuo-a; cándido-a; inocente.
References in classic literature ?
Lena's candid eyes, that always looked a little sleepy under their long lashes, kept straying about the cheerful rooms with naive admiration.
Madame coquetted with him in the most captivating and naive manner, with eyes, gestures, and a profusion of compliments, till the Colonel's old head felt thirty years younger on his padded shoulders.
Neither had success as yet affected their boyish simplicity and the frankness of old frontier habits; they played with their new-found riches with the naive delight of children, and rehearsed their glowing future with the importance and triviality of school-boys.
There is a naive side, I suppose, in all diplomacy; but if my pupils practiced upon me, it was surely with the minimum of grossness.
Thus in the course of the campaign he handled many hundreds of dollars of the Hebrew brewer's money, administering it with naive and touching fidelity.
It is to be confessed, too, that the naive, off-hand information that he was to be thrown into jail by no means produced an agreeable impression on a poor fellow who had always prided himself on a strictly honest and upright course of life.
Some heads were bowed upon folded arms, some lay back with open mouths that issued unconscious music; the flies buzzed and bit, unmolested, the rats swarmed softly out from a hundred holes, and pattered about, and made themselves at home everywhere; and one of them sat up like a squirrel on the king's head and held a bit of cheese in its hands and nibbled it, and dribbled the crumbs in the king's face with naive and impudent irreverence.
All the customs, all the laws, all the details, pertaining to the student duel are quaint and naive.
Of her daughters, the eldest, Amy, was rather little: naive, and child-like in face and manner, and piquant in form; her white muslin dress and blue sash became her well.
This, no doubt, will seem pathetically naive to most modern young men, who in this respect begin where I leave off.
She would then walk about with the naive contentment of the rich,--who remember at all moments that they are rich and will never want for anything.
Her whole face was positively beaming at that instant with naive, almost childish, triumph.