210420, Becton Dickinson, Sparks, Maryland, USA) and streaked on xylose lactose differential agar plate containing novobiocin 25 pg/mL and nalidixic acid
Vaginal swabs are, according to Bailey and Scott's Diagnostic Microbiology, placed in "Todd-Hewitt broth with antimicrobials (gentamicin, nalidixic acid
, or colistin and nalidixic acid
) to suppress the growth of vaginal flora and allow growth Of [GBS] following subculture to blood agar.
India, Pakistan, Bangladesh) often are resistant to the quinolone nalidixic acid
or are multidrug resistant (i.
It is a concern that resistance to nalidixic acid
, the first generation antibiotic in the quinolone group of antibiotics, was recorded.
The antibiotic tested included ampicillin (10 pg), ciprofloxacin (5 [micro]g), chloramphenicol (30 [micro]g), trimethoprim (5 [micro]g), cephalothin (30 [micro]g), streptomycin (10 [micro]g), nalidixic acid
(30 [micro]g), and tetracycline (30 pg).
Additionally, Bioo Scientific offers sensitive ELISAs for specific quinolones including kits for the detection of enrofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, flumequine, norfloxacin, nalidixic acid
, sarafloxacin, ofloxacin and oxolinic acid.
Generally, scientists have thought that quinolones such as ciprofloxacin and nalidixic acid
kill bacteria by leaving DNA in bits.
aureus strains was determined by disc diffusion method for penicillin G (10 UI), gentamicine (10 [micro]g), tobramycin (10 [micro]g), kanamycin (30 [micro]g), amikacin (30 [micro]g) erythromycin (15 [micro]g), spiramycin (10 [micro]g), lincomycin (10 [micro]g), la pristinamycin (15 [micro]g), la vancomycin (30 [micro]g), l'ofloxacin (5 [micro]g), tetracyclin (30 [micro]g), chloramphenicol (30 [micro]g), fosfomycin (50 [micro]g), fusidic acid (10 [micro]g), la bacitracine (8 [micro]g), nalidixic acid
(30 [micro]g), noviobicine (30 [micro]g) (Bioanalyse, UK) and three antimicrobials such erythromycin, tetracycline, chloramphenicol were selected and confirmed by MIC (E-test) (Biomerieux, Marcy, l'Etoile, France) on Muller Hinton agar.
For Gram-negative isolates, the following Neo-Sensitabs tablets were examined: amoxicillin 30 [micro]g, piperacillin 100 [micro]g, amoxicillin/ clavulanate 30/15 [micro]g, piperacillin/tazobactam 100/10 [micro]g, cefazolin 60 [micro]g, cefuroxime 60 [micro]g, cefotaxime 30 [micro]g, cefotaxime/clavulanate 30/10 [micro] g, ceftazidime 30 [micro] g, ceftazidime/clavulanate 30/10 [micro] g, cefepime 30 [micro] g, cefepime/clavulanate 30/10 [micro]g, imipenem 15 [micro] g, amikacin 40 [micro] g, kanamycin 100 [micro] g, gentamicin 40 [micro] g, nalidixic acid
130 [micro] g, ciprofloxacin 10 [micro] g, nitrofurantoin 260 [micro] g, fosfomycin 70 [micro] g, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole 5.
coli populations on the apples were enumerated at specified times by plating the bacteria on tryptic soy agar containing nalidixic acid
All isolates were resistant to the antimicrobial agents cefazolin (CZ), cefotaxime (CTX), cephalothin (CF), doxycycline (D), nalidixic Acid
(NA), and oxacillin (OX).
The antibiotics used for this test were Amoxyclav, Cephalexin, Ciproflaxacin, Clindamycin, Cloxacillin, Co-Trimaxazole, Erythromycin, Tetracyclin, Ampicillin, Carbenicilllin, Cephatoxamine, Chloramphenicol, Co-Trimazine, Gentamicin, Norflaxacin, Oxacillin, Amikacin, Bacitracin, Novobiocin, Vancomycin, Penicillin-G, Tobramycin, Cephaloridine, Kanamycin, Linomycin, Methicillin, Oleandomycin, Nalidixic acid
, Sulphamethoxazole, Cefactor, Cefixime, Piperacillin and Cefoperazone.