naphtha


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naph·tha

 (năf′thə, năp′-)
n.
1. Any of several highly volatile, flammable liquid mixtures of hydrocarbons distilled from petroleum, coal tar, and natural gas and used as fuel, as solvents, and in making various chemicals. Also called benzine, ligroin, petroleum ether, white gasoline.
2. Obsolete Petroleum.

[Latin, from Greek, liquid bitumen, of Semitic origin; see npṭ in Semitic roots.]

naph′thous adj.

naphtha

(ˈnæfθə; ˈnæp-)
n
1. (Elements & Compounds) a distillation product from coal tar boiling in the approximate range 80–170°C and containing aromatic hydrocarbons
2. (Elements & Compounds) a distillation product from petroleum boiling in the approximate range 100–200°C and containing aliphatic hydrocarbons: used as a solvent and in petrol
3. (Elements & Compounds) an obsolete name for petroleum
[C16: via Latin from Greek, of Iranian origin; related to Persian neft naphtha]

naph•tha

(ˈnæf θə, ˈnæp-)

n.
1. a colorless, volatile petroleum distillate, usu. an intermediate product between gasoline and benzine, used as a solvent and as a fuel.
2. any of various similar liquids distilled from other products.
[1565–75; < Latin < Greek náphthas, perhaps < Iranian *nafta, derivative of *nab- to be damp]
naph′thous, adj.

naph·tha

(năf′thə)
Any of several products made by refining petroleum or by breaking down coal tar. Naphtha is usually flammable, and is used as a solvent and as an ingredient in gasoline. It is also used to make plastics.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.naphtha - any of various volatile flammable liquid hydrocarbon mixtures; used chiefly as solvents
hydrocarbon - an organic compound containing only carbon and hydrogen
dissolvent, dissolver, dissolving agent, resolvent, solvent - a liquid substance capable of dissolving other substances; "the solvent does not change its state in forming a solution"
Translations

naphtha

[ˈnæfθə] Nnafta f

naphtha

nNaphtha nt or f

naphtha

[ˈnæfθə] nnafta
References in classic literature ?
From the description given of it, it is evidently the bituminous oil, called petrolium or naphtha, which forms a principal ingredient in the potent medicine called British Oil.
Th' ascending pile Stood fixt her stately highth, and strait the dores Op'ning thir brazen foulds discover wide Within, her ample spaces, o're the smooth And level pavement: from the arched roof Pendant by suttle Magic many a row Of Starry Lamps and blazing Cressets fed With Naphtha and ASPHALTUS yeilded light As from a sky.
This would allow the company to convert 24,000 barrels per day of heavy naphtha into petrol as per rated capacity.
he Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC) signed, today, an agreement with Lotte Chemical Titan (LCT), one of the largest polyolefin producers in South East Asia, for the sale of up to one million tonnes per year of naphtha to the Malaysian petrochemicals' company, over the next three years.
Summary: Adnoc to supply up to one million tonnes per year of naphtha
Naphtha accounts for easily the largest volume of clean product shipments from the Mideast Gulf to Asia-Pacific.
Tenders are invited for Supply of License, Process Package, Supply of Catalyst(s), Proprietary items and other services for MS Block consisting of Naphtha Hydrotreating, Naphtha Splitter, Naphtha Isomerization and Continuous Catalytic Reforming Units under Residue Upgradation Project (RUP) at Mathura Refinery of IOCL, India.
Naphtha is a generic term describing the fraction of crude oil that boils within the 30-180[degrees]C range and contains C5 to C11 hydrocarbons.
5mn tonnes per annum (tpa) of naphtha annually to produce 500,000tpa of ethylene, 261,000tpa of propylene and 100,000tpa of C4, including butadiene.
Recovered mainly from gas reservoirs, condensates are very similar to light stabilised crude oil and can be split into various fuel products including naphtha, which is used to make gasoline or dilute heavy crude, for export or to sell domestically.
This was attributed to the increased import volume of naphtha and condensate, which was used as raw materials for petrochemical production and as replacement fuel for natural gas due to scheduled maintenance shutdown of the Malampaya gas facility in summer 2015, respectively.
Eager drivers, upgraded refineries and booming petrochemicals have lifted naphtha, a product that once cost companies money to produce, into a price support for oil refiners.