natural


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nat·u·ral

 (năch′ər-əl, năch′rəl)
adj.
1. Present in or produced by nature: a natural pearl.
2. Of, relating to, or concerning nature: a natural environment.
3. Conforming to the usual or ordinary course of nature: a natural death.
4.
a. Not acquired; inherent: Love of power is natural to some people.
b. Having a particular character by nature: a natural leader.
c. Biology Not produced or changed artificially; not conditioned: natural immunity; a natural reflex.
5. Characterized by spontaneity and freedom from artificiality, affectation, or inhibitions. See Synonyms at naive.
6. Not altered, treated, or disguised: natural coloring; natural produce.
7. Faithfully representing nature or life.
8. Expected and accepted: "In Willie's mind marriage remained the natural and logical sequence to love" (Duff Cooper).
9. Established by moral certainty or conviction: natural rights.
10. Being in a state regarded as primitive, uncivilized, or unregenerate.
11.
a. Related genetically: the natural parents of the child.
b. Born to parents who have never been married to each other: the natural son of the king.
12. Mathematics Of or relating to positive integers, sometimes including zero.
13. Music
a. Not sharped or flatted.
b. Having no sharps or flats.
n.
1.
a. One having all the qualifications necessary for success: You are a natural for this job.
b. One suited by nature for a certain purpose or function: She is a natural at mathematics.
2. Music
a. The sign (♮) placed before a note to cancel a preceding sharp or flat.
b. A note so affected.
3. A yellowish gray to pale orange yellow.
4. Games A combination in certain card and dice games that wins immediately.
5. An Afro hairstyle.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin nātūrālis, from nātūra, nature; see nature.]

nat′u·ral·ness n.

natural

(ˈnætʃrəl; -tʃərəl)
adj
1. of, existing in, or produced by nature: natural science; natural cliffs.
2. in accordance with human nature: it is only natural to want to be liked.
3. as is normal or to be expected; ordinary or logical: the natural course of events.
4. not acquired; innate: a natural gift for sport.
5. being so through innate qualities: a natural leader.
6. not supernatural or strange: natural phenomena.
7. not constrained or affected; genuine or spontaneous
8. (Dyeing) not artificially dyed or coloured: a natural blonde.
9. following or resembling nature or life; lifelike: she looked more natural without her make-up.
10. not affected by man or civilization; uncultivated; wild: in the natural state this animal is not ferocious.
11. being or made from organic material; not synthetic: a natural fibre like cotton.
12. illegitimate; born out of wedlock
13. not adopted but rather related by blood: her natural parents.
14. (Music, other) music
a. not sharp or flat
b. (postpositive) denoting a note that is neither sharp nor flat: B natural.
c. (of a key or scale) containing no sharps or flats. Compare flat123, sharp12
15. (Instruments) music of or relating to a trumpet, horn, etc, without valves or keys, on which only notes of the harmonic series of the keynote can be obtained
16. determined by inborn conviction: natural justice; natural rights.
17. (Card Games) cards
a. (of a card) not a joker or wild card
b. (of a canasta or sequence) containing no wild cards
c. (of a bid in bridge) describing genuine values; not conventional
18. (Theology) based on the principles and findings of human reason and what is to be learned of God from nature rather than on revelation: natural religion.
n
19. informal a person or thing regarded as certain to qualify for success, selection, etc: the horse was a natural for first place.
20. (Music, other) music
a. Also called (US): cancel an accidental cancelling a previous sharp or flat. Usual symbol:
b. a note affected by this accidental. Compare flat135, sharp19
21. (Card Games) pontoon the combination of an ace with a ten or court card when dealt to a player as his or her first two cards
22. obsolete an imbecile; idiot
ˈnaturalness n

nat•u•ral

(ˈnætʃ ər əl, ˈnætʃ rəl)

adj.
1. existing in or formed by nature: a natural bridge.
2. of or pertaining to nature: the natural world.
3. in a state of nature; uncultivated, as land.
4. having undergone little or no processing and containing no chemical additives: natural food.
5. having a physical existence, as opposed to one that is spiritual, intellectual, fictitious, etc.
6. belonging to the nature or essential constitution; inborn: natural ability.
7. being such because of one's inborn nature or abilities: a natural mathematician.
8. free from affectation or constraint: a natural manner.
9. in accordance with the nature of things; to be expected: a natural result.
10. in accordance with human nature.
11. based upon the innate moral feeling of humankind: natural justice.
12. happening in the usual course of things, without the intervention of accident, violence, etc.: a natural death.
13. illegitimate: a natural son.
14. related by blood rather than by adoption: one's natural parents.
15. based on what is learned from nature rather than on revelation: natural religion.
16. true to or closely imitating nature: a natural representation.
17. unenlightened or unregenerate: natural man.
18. Music.
a. neither sharp nor flat.
b. changed in pitch by the natural sign.
19. not treated, refined, etc.; in its original state: natural wood.
20. not tinted or colored; undyed.
21. having a pale tannish or grayish yellow color.
n.
22. one that is or is likely to be suitable to or successful in an endeavor.
23.
a. a white key on a piano, organ, or the like.
b. the symbol ♮, placed before a note, canceling the effect of a previous sharp or flat.
c. a note affected by the natural sign, or a tone thus represented.
24. a fool or idiot.
25. (in craps) a winning combination of 7 or 11 made on the first cast.
26. a natural substance or product.
27. an Afro hairstyle.
[1300–50; Middle English naturel < Middle French < Latin nātūrālis (see nature, -al1)]
nat′u•ral•ness, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.natural - someone regarded as certain to succeed; "he's a natural for the job"
achiever, succeeder, winner, success - a person with a record of successes; "his son would never be the achiever that his father was"; "only winners need apply"; "if you want to be a success you have to dress like a success"
2.natural - a notation cancelling a previous sharp or flat
musical notation - (music) notation used by musicians
3.natural - (craps) a first roll of 7 or 11 that immediately wins the stake
craps - a gambling game played with two dice; a first throw of 7 or 11 wins and a first throw of 2, 3, or 12 loses and a first throw of any other number must be repeated to win before a 7 is thrown, which loses the bet and the dice
cast, roll - the act of throwing dice
Adj.1.natural - in accordance with nature; relating to or concerning nature; "a very natural development"; "our natural environment"; "natural science"; "natural resources"; "natural cliffs"; "natural phenomena"
natural - existing in or produced by nature; not artificial or imitation; "a natural pearl"; "natural gas"; "natural silk"; "natural blonde hair"; "a natural sweetener"; "natural fertilizers"
natural - existing in or in conformity with nature or the observable world; neither supernatural nor magical; "a perfectly natural explanation"
unnatural - not in accordance with or determined by nature; contrary to nature; "an unnatural death"; "the child's unnatural interest in death"
2.natural - existing in or produced by nature; not artificial or imitation; "a natural pearl"; "natural gas"; "natural silk"; "natural blonde hair"; "a natural sweetener"; "natural fertilizers"
natural - in accordance with nature; relating to or concerning nature; "a very natural development"; "our natural environment"; "natural science"; "natural resources"; "natural cliffs"; "natural phenomena"
artificial, unreal - contrived by art rather than nature; "artificial flowers"; "artificial flavoring"; "an artificial diamond"; "artificial fibers"; "artificial sweeteners"
3.natural - existing in or in conformity with nature or the observable world; neither supernatural nor magical; "a perfectly natural explanation"
supernatural - not existing in nature or subject to explanation according to natural laws; not physical or material; "supernatural forces and occurrences and beings"
4.natural - functioning or occurring in a normal way; lacking abnormalities or deficiencies; "it's the natural thing to happen"; "natural immunity"; "a grandparent's natural affection for a grandchild"
biological science, biology - the science that studies living organisms
normal - conforming with or constituting a norm or standard or level or type or social norm; not abnormal; "serve wine at normal room temperature"; "normal diplomatic relations"; "normal working hours"; "normal word order"; "normal curiosity"; "the normal course of events"
5.natural - (of a musical note) being neither raised nor lowered by one chromatic semitone; "a natural scale"; "B natural"
music - an artistic form of auditory communication incorporating instrumental or vocal tones in a structured and continuous manner
flat - (of a musical note) lowered in pitch by one chromatic semitone; "B flat"
sharp - (of a musical note) raised in pitch by one chromatic semitone; "C sharp"
6.natural - unthinking; prompted by (or as if by) instinct; "a cat's natural aversion to water"; "offering to help was as instinctive as breathing"
self-generated, spontaneous - happening or arising without apparent external cause; "spontaneous laughter"; "spontaneous combustion"; "a spontaneous abortion"
7.natural - (used especially of commodities) being unprocessed or manufactured using only simple or minimal processes; "natural yogurt"; "natural produce"; "raw wool"; "raw sugar"; "bales of rude cotton"
unprocessed - not altered from an original or natural state; "unprocessed commodities"
8.natural - related by blood; not adopted
biological - of parents and children; related by blood; "biological child"
9.natural - being talented through inherited qualities; "a natural leader"; "a born musician"; "an innate talent"
intelligent - having the capacity for thought and reason especially to a high degree; "is there intelligent life in the universe?"; "an intelligent question"
10.natural - free from artificiality; "a lifelike pose"; "a natural reaction"
unaffected - free of artificiality; sincere and genuine; "an unaffected grace"

natural

adjective
1. logical, normal, reasonable, valid, legitimate A period of depression is a natural response to bereavement.
3. innate, native, characteristic, indigenous, inherent, instinctive, intuitive, congenital, inborn, immanent, in your blood, hard-wired, essential He has a natural flair for business.
4. unaffected, open, frank, genuine, spontaneous, candid, unpretentious, unsophisticated, dinkum (Austral & N.Z. informal), artless, ingenuous, real, simple, unstudied Jan's sister was as natural and friendly as the rest of the family.
unaffected affected, assumed, artificial, unnatural, counterfeit, feigned, phoney or phony (informal), false
5. pure, real, plain, raw, organic, crude, wholesome, whole, unrefined, unbleached, unprocessed, unpolished, unmixed, chemical-free, additive-free, pesticide-free He prefers to use high quality natural produce.
pure processed, manufactured, synthetic, unnatural, false

natural

adjective
1. Produced by nature; not artificial or manmade:
2. In a primitive state; not domesticated or cultivated; produced by nature:
3. Forming an essential element, as arising from the basic structure of an individual:
4. Devoid of any hypocrisy or pretense:
5. Free from guile, cunning, or deceit:
6. Unconstrained by rigid standards or ceremony:
Informal: laid-back.
7. Of a plain and unsophisticated nature:
8. Accurately representing what is depicted or described:
9. Born to parents who are not married to each other:
Translations
شَخْص طيِّب بِطَبيعَتِهطَبيعيطَبيعي، عاديطَبيعي، فِطْري، مَولود مَعهطَبِيعِيٌّ
přirozenýpřírodnívrozenýbez předznamenáníčlověk s přirozeným talentem
medfødtnaturlignaturtalent
natura
luonnollinenluonnonmukainenluonnonvärinenluontainennormaali
prirodan
elõjegyzés nélkülinaturalistatermészetestermészeti
eîlilegurmaîur meî meîfædda hæfileikameîfæddurnáttúrulegur, náttúru-óbreyttur tónn
当然の
자연의
bekarasgamtinės dujosgamtininkasgamtos ištekliaigamtos mokslai
bekarsdabas-dabisksiedzimtsnemākslots
naturalnyoczywistycielistynaturalnanaturalne
bez predznamenaniaodrážkarodený majster
naraven
naturlig
ธรรมชาติ
doğaldoğuştandoğuştan yetenekli kişinormalsadelik işareti
tự nhiên

natural

[ˈnætʃrəl]
A. ADJ
1. (= occurring naturally) [environment, substance, disaster, remedy] → natural
she isn't a natural blondeno es rubia natural
he died of natural causesmurió de muerte natural
the rest of his natural lifeel resto de sus días
see also die 1
2. (= understandable) [reaction, behaviour, feeling] → natural, normal; [mistake] → comprensible; [explanation] → lógico y natural
it's a perfectly natural mistake to makees un error totalmente comprensible
there is a perfectly natural explanationhay una explicación perfectamente lógica y natural
it's only naturales normal or natural
it's only natural that she should be upsetes normal or natural que esté disgustada
3. (= inborn) [ability, talent] → innato; [reaction, fear] → instintivo
he had a natural flair for businesstenía un don innato para los negocios
she is a natural leader/athletees una líder/atleta innata
natural instinctinstinto m natural
4. (= relaxed, unforced) [person, manner, charm] → natural
I was able to be very natural with himcon él pude ser yo mismo
5. (= biological) [father, mother, child] → biológico
6. (Mus) → natural
B. N
1. (= person) she's a natural with computerstiene un don innato para los ordenadores
2. (Mus) (= note) → nota f natural; (= sign) → becuadro m
C. CPD natural childbirth Nparto m natural
natural gas Ngas m natural
natural history Nhistoria f natural
natural law Nley f natural
natural number N (Math) → número m natural
natural philosophy Nfilosofía f natural
natural resources NPLrecursos mpl naturales
natural science N (uncount) → ciencias fpl naturales; (count) → ciencia f de la naturaleza
natural selection Nselección f natural
by natural selectionpor selección natural
natural wastage N (Brit) (Ind) bajas voluntarias de los empleados de una empresa, y cuyos puestos quedan sin cubrir
the jobs will be lost through natural wastagelos puestos irán desapareciendo a medida que se produzcan bajas voluntarias

natural

[ˈnætʃərəl] adj
[instinct, behaviour] → naturel(le)
the insect's natural instinct to feed → l'instinct naturel des insectes qui les pousse à s'alimenter
BUT l'instinct de nutrition des insectes.
(= not man-made) [material] → naturel(le); [food] → naturel(le); [wonder] → naturel(le) natural causes, natural disaster
(= normal) → naturel(le)
it is natural to do sth
It's natural to worry about one's children → C'est naturel de se faire du souci pour ses enfants.
It is natural for us to want excitement → C'est naturel pour nous de rechercher les sensations fortes.
It's the most natural thing in the world → C'est la chose la plus naturelle du monde.
(= reasonable) → naturel(le)
to be only natural → être bien naturel
She's upset, which is only natural → Elle est bouleversée, ce qui est bien naturel.
[person, manner] → naturel(le)
She's always so relaxed and natural → Elle est toujours si détendue et naturelle.
[musician, athlete] → né(e)
Martin is a natural musician → Martin est un musicien né.
He's a natural basketball player → C'est un basketteur né.
[talent, aptitude] → naturel(le), inné(e)
to have a natural flair for sth → avoir un sens inné de qch
He had a natural flair for business → Il avait un sens inné des affaires.
to have a natural aptitude for sth → avoir une aptitude naturelle pour qch
Only a few people have a natural aptitude for maths → Seules quelques personnes ont une aptitude naturelle pour les maths.
She has a natural talent for playing the piano → Elle a un talent naturel pour le piano.
(by birth) [mother, father, sister, brother] → naturel(le)
(MUSIC) B natural (= key) → si m naturel
in B natural → en si naturelnatural causes npl
to die of natural causes → mourir de mort naturellenatural childbirth naccouchement m naturelnatural disaster ncatastrophe f naturelle
a natural disaster like an earthquake → une catastrophe naturelle comme un tremblement de terrenatural gas ngaz m naturelnatural history nhistoire f naturelle

natural

adj
natürlich, Natur-; rightsnaturgegeben; (= understandable) mistakeverständlich; natural phenomenonNaturphänomen nt; it is (only) natural for you/him to think …es ist nur natürlich, dass Sie denken/er denkt; natural resourcesNaturschätze pl; the natural worlddie Natur; in its natural stateim Naturzustand; to die a natural death or of natural causeseines natürlichen Todes sterben; death from natural causes (Jur) → Tod durch natürliche Ursachen; to be imprisoned for the rest of one’s natural life (Jur) → eine lebenslängliche Gefängnisstrafe verbüßen; a natural son of Utahin Utah geboren
(= chemical-free) food, hair colournatürlich; natural cosmeticsNaturkosmetik f; natural remedyNaturheilmittel nt; she is a natural blondesie ist von Natur aus blond, blond ist ihre natürliche Haarfarbe
(= inborn) gift, ability, qualityangeboren; to have a natural talent for somethingeine natürliche Begabung für etw haben; he is a natural artist/comedianer ist der geborene Künstler/Komiker; it is natural for birds to flyVögel können von Natur aus fliegen; something comes natural to somebodyetw fällt jdm leicht
(= unaffected) mannernatürlich, ungekünstelt; person, charmnatürlich; there was something not quite natural about her way of speakingihre Sprechweise hatte etwas Gekünsteltes
(Math) numbernatürlich
parentsleiblich; (old) childnatürlich
n
(Mus) (= symbol)Auflösungszeichen nt; (= note)Note fohne Vorzeichen; (= note with a natural symbol)Note fmit Auflösungszeichen; B naturalH, h; D naturalD, d; you played F sharp instead of F naturalSie haben fis statt f gespielt ? also major, minor
(inf: = person) → Naturtalent nt; he’s a natural for this partdiese Rolle ist ihm wie auf den Leib geschrieben
(inf: = life) → Leben nt; I’ve never heard the like in all my naturalich habe so was mein Lebtag noch nicht gehört (inf)
(old: = idiot) → Einfaltspinsel m

natural

:
natural-born
adj attrgeboren, von Natur aus begabt; she’a a natural teachersie ist die geborene Lehrerin
natural childbirth
nnatürliche Geburt; (= method)die schmerzlose Geburt
natural disaster
natural food
natural forces
plNaturgewalten pl
natural gas
nErdgas nt
natural history
nNaturkunde f; (concerning evolution) → Naturgeschichte f

natural

:
natural justice
nNaturrecht nt
natural landscape
nNaturlandschaft f
natural laws
plNaturgesetze pl

natural

:
natural philosopher
nNaturphilosoph(in) m(f)
natural philosophy
nNaturwissenschaft f, → Naturlehre f (old)
natural science
nNaturwissenschaft f; the naturalsdie Naturwissenschaften pl
natural selection
natural sign
n (Mus) → Auflösungszeichen nt
natural wastage
nnatürliche Personalreduzierung; to make job cuts through naturalPersonal durch natürliche Fluktuation abbauen
natural wonder
nNaturwunder nt

natural

[ˈnætʃrl]
1. adj (gen) → naturale; (ability) → innato/a; (manner) → semplice
death from natural causes (Law) → morte f per cause naturali
he died a natural death → è morto di morte naturale
in its natural state → allo stato naturale
he never knew his natural parents → non ha mai conosciuto i suoi veri genitori
it's natural to be tired after a long journey → è naturale essere stanchi dopo un lungo viaggio
it seemed the natural thing to do → è sembrata la cosa più ovvia or più naturale da farsi
it is natural that ... → è naturale che... + sub
he's a natural painter → è un pittore nato
C natural (Mus) → do naturale
2. n
a. (Mus) (sign) → bequadro
b. she's a natural!ci è nata!

natural

(ˈnӕtʃərəl) adjective
1. of or produced by nature, not made by men. Coal, oil etc are natural resources; Wild animals are happier in their natural state than in a zoo.
2. born in a person. natural beauty; He had a natural ability for music.
3. (of manner) simple, without pretence. a nice, natural smile.
4. normal; as one would expect. It's quite natural for a boy of his age to be interested in girls.
5. of a musical note, not sharp or flat. G natural is lower in pitch than G sharp.
noun
1. a person who is naturally good at something.
2. in music (a sign ( ) indicating) a note which is not to be played sharp or flat.
ˈnaturalist noun
a person who studies animal and plant life.
ˈnaturally adverb
1. of course; as one would expect. Naturally I didn't want to risk missing the train.
2. by nature; as a natural characteristic. She is naturally kind.
3. normally; in a relaxed way. Although he was nervous, he behaved quite naturally.
natural gas
gas suitable for burning, found underground or under the sea.
natural history
the study of plants and animals.
natural resources
sources of energy, wealth etc which occur naturally and are not made by man, eg coal, oil, forests etc.

natural

طَبِيعِيٌّ přirozený naturlig natürlich φυσικός natural luonnollinen naturel prirodan naturale 当然の 자연의 natuurlijk naturlig naturalny natural естественный naturlig ธรรมชาติ doğal tự nhiên 自然的

natural

a. natural; sencillo-a;
___ childbirthparto ___;
-lyadv. naturalmente.

natural

adj natural
References in classic literature ?
She tried not to be envious or discontented, but it was very natural that the young girl should long for pretty things, gay friends, accomplishments, and a happy life.
The fact that the conversation between Tom Willard and his son had been rather quiet and natural, as though an under- standing existed between them, maddened her.
The lengthened sheet of the Champlain stretched from the frontiers of Canada, deep within the borders of the neighboring province of New York, forming a natural passage across half the distance that the French were compelled to master in order to strike their enemies.
As soon as she came to her own name, it was irresistible; every line relating to herself was interesting, and almost every line agreeable; and when this charm ceased, the subject could still maintain itself, by the natural return of her former regard for the writer, and the very strong attraction which any picture of love must have for her at that moment.
what should be leaving my room, as I advanced to enter it, but--well, it's no use, resolutions are all very well, but facts are facts, especially when they're natural, and here was I face to face with the most natural little natural fact, and withal the most charming and merry-eyed, that-- well, in short, as I came to enter my room I was confronted by the roundest, ruddiest little chambermaid ever created for the trial of mortal frailty.
I do not pretend to plead the immunities of my order so highly as this; but neither will I allow that the author of a modern antique romance is obliged to confine himself to the introduction of those manners only which can be proved to have absolutely existed in the times he is depicting, so that he restrain himself to such as are plausible and natural, and contain no obvious anachronism.
Small states, or states of less natural strength, under vigorous governments, and with the assistance of disciplined armies, have often triumphed over large states, or states of greater natural strength, which have been destitute of these advantages.
Persons, therefore, starting with this natural gift developed by degrees their special aptitudes, till their rude improvisations gave birth to Poetry.
Thus you will at once act for the benefit of your soldiers and utilize the natural advantages of the ground.
There is sorrow enough in the natural way From men and women to fill our day; But when we are certain of sorrow in store, Why do we always arrange for more?
You will observe, monsieur, and tell me what you think; I could so much better rely on your opinion than on my own; women cannot judge of these things as men can, and, excuse my pertinacity, monsieur, but it is natural I should feel interested about this poor little girl (pauvre petite); she has scarcely any relations, her own efforts are all she has to look to, her acquirements must be her sole fortune; her present position has once been mine, or nearly so; it is then but natural I should sympathize with her; and sometimes when I see the difficulty she has in managing pupils, I reel quite chagrined.
MEN fear death, as children fear to go in the dark; and as that natural fear in children, is increased with tales, so is the other.