naturalistic fallacy


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naturalistic fallacy

n
(Philosophy) the supposed fallacy of inferring evaluative conclusions from purely factual premises. Compare Hume's law, non-naturalism
References in periodicals archive ?
Moore and David Hume's formulations of the naturalistic fallacy (explaining the good in terms of natural properties); the nature of normativity in language; a perspectivist account of the normativity of meaning; a neurocognitive approach to the normativity of mathematics; F.
Braude's discussion of nous is marginally diminished by his claim that Aristotle's position on the naturalistic fallacy, the fact/value distinction, is unclear.
This potential dilemma highlights the need for such a position to face up to the naturalistic fallacy.
As Wyschogrod writes: "Were concrete actuality the causal ground of value, the naturalistic fallacy of a discredited old-style positivism would have been resurrected" (p.
In contrast to Hume's is-ought objection and Moore's naturalistic fallacy and even to the new natural-law theory represented by Germaine Grisez and John Finnis, Boyd argues against any fact-value dichotomy.
From is to ought: How to commit the naturalistic fallacy and get away with it in the study of moral development.
Countering philosophers like Kant and Hume and present scholars like Paul Ehrlich who criticize those who use human nature as a guide to morality for having fallen prey to a "naturalistic fallacy", Fukuyama devotes 15 pages to explaining why he believes the naturalistic fallacy is fallacious.
As Dominican Benedict Ashley once noted, Finnis and Grisez often appear overwhelmed philosophically by the prospect of falling victim to the purported naturalistic fallacy.
But my colleague suspects that I am going to spring a trap about universals and then grab him with some nonsense about innate moral propensities or the like, and he either backs off, accusing my "universal framework of moral discourse" argument of vagueness or something such or, if he has done Philosophy 101 at some point in his career, will trump my ace with accusations of the naturalistic fallacy.
He holds science and philosophy apart though and insists on avoiding the naturalistic fallacy of equivocating what is with what ought to be.
According to Racine, however, 'several arguments and challenges that are commonly put forward' to argue against the neuroscience of ethics--such as 'neurological determinism, naturalistic fallacy, semantic dualism, biological reductionism, and threats to ethics'--are not 'definitive'.
Those who advocate attentive stewardship of the creation and all that dwells in it are still children of the Enlightenment, and therefore cannot resist Hume's so-called naturalistic fallacy.