Mergl (2002) proposed that the generally poorly fossiliferous shales with phyllocarids (Caryocaris), graptolites, conulariids, nautiloids
and trilobites should be classified as the Rafanoglossa Community within his Paterula Community Group.
At Early Paleocene the transgression of sea emerged which deposited the Sangiali Group like carbonate shallow marine limestone and shale (fossil bearing like bivalves nautiloids
and gastropods) of Sangiali Formation deltaic siliciclastic Rakhi Gaj Formation and coral reef deposits of Dungan Limestone.
Shell organic inclusions have also been used to make dietary comparisons between modern and fossil nautiloids
(Kashiyama et al.
All of the hundreds of species of nautiloids
, except four species of Nautilus, disappeared as living things ages before man came into existence upon the earth" (193).
All modern cephalopods are carnivorous predators or scavengers, and before big fish evolved, nautiloids
(nautilus relatives) would have been among the major predators in the seas--some nautiloid
shells from the Ordovician period measured up to three metres in length.
Among the fossils are a variety of creatures from sponges, worms and nautiloids
to solitary hydroids, also known as the flowers of the sea.
Fossils of nautiloids
(an ancestor of the giant squid) dug up during the building of the new centre are set into the floor of the building; a reconstructed Stone Age roundhouse sits on the site of a crannog (a prehistoric dwelling built on an artificial island in a lake); and the reserve's spectacular new glass-sided bird observatory sits above lime kilns that provided many of the bricks that built Belfast.
The fossils being referred to are orthocone nautiloids
, Rayonnoceras sp.
Common fossils of the "Kimmeridge" at the Langenberg are bivalves, gastropods, brachiopods and ichnofossils; in higher parts of the section, even nautiloids
Dick's Ganymedian slime-mold Lord Running Clam; Octavia Butler's gigantic tentacled Oankali slugs; Hal Clement's Mesklinite centipedes; the ichthyoids, arachnoids, nautiloids
, and echinoderms of Star Maker; the sublime jellyfish of The Abyss.
The sandstone contains nautiloids
and abundant other mollusks.
5 + m--microlaminated, silty, argillaceous eurypterid-dolostone with Eurypterus remains, nautiloids
, and ostracods (Herrmannina).