erythroblastosis fetalis(redirected from neonatal anemia)
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A severe hemolytic disease of a fetus or newborn infant caused by the production of maternal antibodies against the fetal red blood cells, usually involving Rh incompatibility between the mother and fetus. Also called RH disease.
[New Latin erythroblastōsis fētālis : erythroblastōsis, erythroblastosis + fētālis, fetal.]
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|Noun||1.||erythroblastosis fetalis - severe anemia in newborn babies; the result of Rh incompatibility between maternal and fetal blood; typically occurs when the child of an Rh-negative mother inherits Rh-positive blood from the father; can be diagnosed before birth by amniocentesis|