nerve


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Related to nerve: sciatic nerve, nerve pain

nerve

 (nûrv)
n.
1. Any of the cordlike bundles of fibers made up of neurons through which sensory stimuli and motor impulses pass between the brain or other parts of the central nervous system and the eyes, glands, muscles, and other parts of the body. Nerves form a network of pathways for conducting information throughout the body.
2. The sensitive tissue in the pulp of a tooth.
3. A sore point or sensitive subject: The criticism touched a nerve.
4.
a. Courage and control under pressure: lost his nerve at the last minute.
b. Fortitude; stamina.
c. Forceful quality; boldness.
d. Brazen boldness; effrontery: had the nerve to deny it.
5. nerves Nervous agitation caused by fear, anxiety, or stress: had a sudden attack of nerves.
6. A vein or rib in the wing of an insect.
7. The midrib and larger veins in a leaf.
tr.v. nerved, nerv·ing, nerves
To give strength or courage to.
Idioms:
get on (someone's) nerves
To irritate or exasperate.
strain every nerve
To make every effort.

[Middle English, sinew, nerve, from Old French nerf, from Medieval Latin nervus, from Latin; see (s)neəu- in Indo-European roots.]

nerve

(nɜːv)
n
1. (Anatomy) any of the cordlike bundles of fibres that conduct sensory or motor impulses between the brain or spinal cord and another part of the body.
2. courage, bravery, or steadfastness
3. lose one's nerve to become timid, esp failing to perform some audacious act
4. informal boldness or effrontery; impudence: he had the nerve to swear at me.
5. muscle or sinew (often in the phrase strain every nerve)
6. (Botany) a large vein in a leaf
7. (Zoology) any of the veins of an insect's wing
8. touch a nerve touch a raw nerve hit a nerve hit a raw nerve strike a nerve strike a raw nerve to mention or bring to mind a sensitive issue or subject
vb (tr)
9. to give courage to (oneself); steel (oneself)
10. to provide with nerve or nerves
[C16: from Latin nervus; related to Greek neuron; compare Sanskrit snāvan sinew]

nerve

(nɜrv)

n., v. nerved, nerv•ing. n.
1. one or more bundles of fibers forming part of a system that conveys impulses of sensation, motion, etc., between the brain or spinal cord and other parts of the body.
2. courage under trying circumstances.
3. boldness; impertinence.
4. nerves, nervousness: an attack of nerves.
5. strength, vigor, or energy.
6. a sinew or tendon: to strain every nerve.
7. (not in technical use) the pulp of a tooth.
8. a vein, as in a leaf.
v.t.
9. to give strength, vigor, or courage to.
Idioms:
get on someone's nerves, to irritate or annoy someone.
[1350–1400; < Latin nervus sinew, tendon; akin to Greek neûron (see neuron)]

nerve

(nûrv)
Any of the bundles of fibers made up of nerve cells that carry information in the form of electrical impulses throughout the body. Nerves send sensory information to the brain and spinal cord and carry impulses to the muscles, organs, and glands.

nerve

  • action potential - A brief electrical signal transmitted along a nerve or muscle fiber following stimulation.
  • carpal tunnel syndrome - Describes a compression of a nerve over the carpal bones (eight small bones of the wrist) through a passage (tunnel) at the front of the wrist.
  • obdormition - Numbness caused by pressure on a nerve, as when a limb is "asleep."
  • funny bone - A nerve, not a bone; the name is a pun on the humerus, the arm bone that gets strange tingles when it is bumped.

Nerve

 of neighbors—Lipton, 1970.

nerve


Past participle: nerved
Gerund: nerving

Imperative
nerve
nerve
Present
I nerve
you nerve
he/she/it nerves
we nerve
you nerve
they nerve
Preterite
I nerved
you nerved
he/she/it nerved
we nerved
you nerved
they nerved
Present Continuous
I am nerving
you are nerving
he/she/it is nerving
we are nerving
you are nerving
they are nerving
Present Perfect
I have nerved
you have nerved
he/she/it has nerved
we have nerved
you have nerved
they have nerved
Past Continuous
I was nerving
you were nerving
he/she/it was nerving
we were nerving
you were nerving
they were nerving
Past Perfect
I had nerved
you had nerved
he/she/it had nerved
we had nerved
you had nerved
they had nerved
Future
I will nerve
you will nerve
he/she/it will nerve
we will nerve
you will nerve
they will nerve
Future Perfect
I will have nerved
you will have nerved
he/she/it will have nerved
we will have nerved
you will have nerved
they will have nerved
Future Continuous
I will be nerving
you will be nerving
he/she/it will be nerving
we will be nerving
you will be nerving
they will be nerving
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been nerving
you have been nerving
he/she/it has been nerving
we have been nerving
you have been nerving
they have been nerving
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been nerving
you will have been nerving
he/she/it will have been nerving
we will have been nerving
you will have been nerving
they will have been nerving
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been nerving
you had been nerving
he/she/it had been nerving
we had been nerving
you had been nerving
they had been nerving
Conditional
I would nerve
you would nerve
he/she/it would nerve
we would nerve
you would nerve
they would nerve
Past Conditional
I would have nerved
you would have nerved
he/she/it would have nerved
we would have nerved
you would have nerved
they would have nerved

nerve

A group of nerve fibers.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.nerve - any bundle of nerve fibers running to various organs and tissues of the bodynerve - any bundle of nerve fibers running to various organs and tissues of the body
radicle - (anatomy) a small structure resembling a rootlet (such as a fibril of a nerve)
nerve fiber, nerve fibre - a threadlike extension of a nerve cell
synapse - the junction between two neurons (axon-to-dendrite) or between a neuron and a muscle; "nerve impulses cross a synapse through the action of neurotransmitters"
efferent, efferent nerve, motor nerve - a nerve that conveys impulses toward or to muscles or glands
afferent, afferent nerve, sensory nerve - a nerve that passes impulses from receptors toward or to the central nervous system
fasciculus, fiber bundle, fibre bundle, fascicle - a bundle of fibers (especially nerve fibers)
cranial nerve - any of the 12 paired nerves that originate in the brain stem
depressor nerve, depressor - any nerve whose activity tends to reduce the activity or tone of the body part it serves
musculospiral nerve, nervus radialis, radial nerve - largest branch of the brachial plexus; extends down the humerus to the lateral epicondyle where it divides into one branch that goes to the skin on the back of the hand and another that goes to the underlying extensor muscles
splanchnic nerve - any of several nerves of the sympathetic part of the autonomic nervous system that innervate viscera and blood vessels
nervus ischiadicus, sciatic nerve - arises from the sacral plexus and passes about halfway down the thigh where it divides into the common peroneal and tibial nerves
nervus saphenus, saphenous nerve - a branch of the femoral nerve that supplies cutaneous branches to the inner aspect of the leg and foot
cubital nerve, nervus ulnaris, ulnar nerve - a nerve running along the inner side of the arm and passing near the elbow; supplies intrinsic muscles of the hand and the skin of the medial side of the hand
nervus spinalis, spinal nerve - any of the 31 pairs of nerves emerging from each side of the spinal cord (each attached to the cord by two roots: ventral and dorsal)
2.nerve - the courage to carry onnerve - the courage to carry on; "he kept fighting on pure spunk"; "you haven't got the heart for baseball"
braveness, bravery, courage, courageousness - a quality of spirit that enables you to face danger or pain without showing fear
3.nerve - impudent aggressiveness; "I couldn't believe her boldness"; "he had the effrontery to question my honesty"
aggressiveness - the quality of being bold and enterprising
audaciousness, audacity - aggressive boldness or unmitigated effrontery; "he had the audacity to question my decision"
Verb1.nerve - get ready for something difficult or unpleasant
brace, poise - prepare (oneself) for something unpleasant or difficult

nerve

noun
1. bravery, courage, spirit, bottle (Brit. slang), resolution, daring, determination, guts (informal), pluck, grit, fortitude, vigour, coolness, balls (taboo slang), mettle, firmness, spunk (informal), fearlessness, steadfastness, intrepidity, hardihood, gameness I never got up enough nerve to ask her out. If we keep our nerve, we might be able to bluff it out.
2. (Informal) impudence, face (informal), front, neck (informal), sauce (informal), cheek (informal), brass (informal), gall, audacity, boldness, temerity, chutzpah (U.S. & Canad. informal), insolence, impertinence, effrontery, brass neck (Brit. informal), brazenness, sassiness (U.S. slang) He had the nerve to ask me to prove who I was.
plural noun
1. tension, stress, strain, anxiety, butterflies (in your stomach) (informal), nervousness, cold feet (informal), heebie-jeebies (slang), worry I just played badly. It wasn't nerves.
get on someone's nerves annoy, provoke, bug (informal), needle (informal), plague, irritate, aggravate (informal), madden, ruffle, exasperate, nettle, irk, rile, peeve, get under your skin (informal), nark (Brit., Austral., & N.Z. slang), get up your nose (informal), make your blood boil, piss you off (taboo slang), rub (someone) up the wrong way (informal), get your goat (slang), get in your hair (informal), get on your wick (Brit. slang), put your back up The kids get on her nerves a bit at times.
nerve yourself brace yourself, prepare yourself, steel yourself, fortify yourself, gear yourself up, gee yourself up I nerved myself to face the pain.
Related words
technical name neuron or neurone
adjective neural

nerve

nounverb
To impart strength and confidence to:
Translations
جُرْأَةٌشَجاعَهعَصَبعَصَبٌوَقاحَه
nervodvahatroufalostdodat odvahydrzost
modnervefrækhedmande sig op til
hermorohkeussisukärsivällisyys
drskostživac
idegpimaszság
hugrekkiósvífnitaugtelja kjark í
ずぶとさ神経
신경용기
baikštuserzinti kąįsidrąsintinervasnervinė įtampa
aukstasinībaiedrošinātnekaunībanervssavaldība
dodať odvahynerv
pogumpredrznostživec
modnerv
เส้นประสาทความกล้าหาญ
dây thần kinhkhí phách

nerve

[nɜːv]
A. N
1. (Anat, Bot) → nervio m
my nerves are on edgetengo los nervios de punta
it/he gets on my nervesme pone los nervios de punta or me saca de quicio
to be living on one's nervesvivir en estado de tensión constante
to have nerves of steeltener nervios de acero
to strain every nerve to do sthhacer un esfuerzo supremo por hacer algo
2. nerves (= tension) → nerviosismo m, nervios mpl, excitabilidad f nerviosa
she suffers from nervespadece de los nervios, sufre trastornos nerviosos
a fit of nervesun ataque de nervios
to be in a state of nervesestar muy nervioso, estar hipertenso
3. (= courage) → valor m
he didn't have the nerve to do itno tuvo el valor de hacerlo
I wouldn't have the nerve to do that!¡yo no me atrevería a hacer eso!
to hold or keep one's nervemantenerse firme, no amilanarse
to lose one's nerveperder el valor, rajarse
it takes some nerve to do thathace falta mucho valor or mucha sangre fría para hacer eso
4. (= cheek) → caradura f, cara f
of all the nerve!; the nerve of it!; what a nerve!¡qué caradura!, ¡qué frescura!
you've got a nerve!¡qué cara tienes!, ¡eres un caradura!
he had the nerve to ask for moneytuvo la cara de pedir dinero
B. VT to nerve o.s. to do stharmarse de valor para hacer algo
C. CPD nerve cell Nneurona f, célula f nerviosa
nerve centre, nerve center (US) Ncentro m nervioso (fig) → punto m neurálgico
nerve gas Ngas m nervioso
nerve specialist Nneurólogo/a m/f

nerve

[ˈnɜːrv]
n
(in body)nerf m
The nerves in his arm had been damaged → Les nerfs de son bras droit avaient été endommagés.
to touch a raw nerve (fig)toucher un point sensible
(= bravery) to lose one's nerve
He lost his nerve and fled → Le cœur lui manqua et il s'enfuit.
to restore sb's nerve → redonner du cœur à qn, redonner du cœur au ventre à qn
The brandy restored his nerve → Le cognac lui redonna du cœur au ventre., Le cognac lui redonna du cœur.
to keep one's nerve (= stay calm) → garder son sang-froid
to have the nerve to do sth → avoir le cran de faire qch
Nobody had the nerve to mention this → Personne n'a eu le cran de mentionner le fait.
it takes nerve to ... → cela demande du cran de ...
It takes nerve to do what you did → Cela demande du cran de faire ce que tu as fait.
(= cheek) → toupet m
to have a nerve → avoir du toupet
He's got a nerve! → Il a du toupet!
what a nerve! → quel toupet!
to have the nerve to do sth → avoir le toupet de faire qch
She had the nerve to ask me for more money → Elle a eu le toupet de me demander plus d'argent.
He had the nerve to ask me to prove who I was → Il a eu le toupet de me demander de prouver qui j'étais.
to have a nerve doing sth → avoir du toupet de faire qch nerves
npl
(= nervousness) → trac m
I don't suffer from nerves → Je ne suis pas sujet au trac.
to have a fit of nerves → avoir le trac
to calm one's nerves → se calmer les nerfs
Hoping to calm our nerves, we decided to spend the afternoon at the lake → Dans l'espoir de nous calmer les nerfs, nous décidâmes de passer l'après-midi au lac.
to get on sb's nerves (= irritate) → taper sur les nerfs à qn
She sometimes gets on my nerves → Parfois, elle me tape sur les nerfs.
(= mental toughness) → nerfs mpl
His nerves will not stand much more of this → Ses nerfs vont finir par lâcher si cela continue.
to have strong nerves → avoir les nerfs solides
Her authority was based on inner calm and strong nerves → Son autorité était fondée sur le calme intérieur et la solidité des nerfs., Son autorité était fondée sur un calme intérieur et des nerfs solides.nerve agent nagent m neurotoxiquenerve centre n [organization] → centre m névralgiquenerve ending nterminaison f nerveusenerve gas ngaz m de combatnerve-racking [ˈnɜːrvrækɪŋ] adjéprouvant(e) pour les nerfs

nerve

n
(Anat) → Nerv m; to suffer from nervesnervös sein; to have an attack of nervesin Panik geraten, durchdrehen (inf); (before exam also) → Prüfungsangst haben; to be in a terrible state of nervesmit den Nerven völlig fertig or herunter sein; it’s only nervesdu bist/er ist etc nur nervös; to be all nervesein Nervenbündel sein; his nerves are bader hat schlechte Nerven; to get on somebody’s nerves (inf)jdm auf die Nerven gehen or fallen; he doesn’t know what nerves areer hat die Ruhe weg (inf); to live on one’s nervesnervlich angespannt sein, völlig überreizt sein; to have nerves of steelNerven wie Drahtseile haben; his speech touched or struck a (raw) nerveseine Rede berührte einen wunden Punkt
no pl (= courage)Mut m; to lose/hold or keep one’s nervedie Nerven verlieren/nicht verlieren; to regain one’s nerve, to get one’s nerve backseine Angst überwinden; his nerve failed himihn verließ der Mut, er bekam Angst; to have the nerve to do somethingsich trauen, etw zu tun; a test of nerveeine Nervenprobe
no pl (inf: = impudence) → Frechheit f, → Unverschämtheit f; to have the nerve to do somethingdie Frechheit besitzen, etw zu tun; he’s got a nerve!der hat Nerven! (inf); what a nerve!, the nerve of it!so eine Frechheit!
(Bot) → Ader f, → Nerv m
vr to nerve oneself for something/to do somethingsich seelisch und moralisch auf etw (acc)vorbereiten/darauf vorbereiten, etw zu tun; I can’t nerve myself to do itich bringe einfach den Mut nicht auf, das zu tun
vt to nerve somebody for somethingjdm den Mut geben, etw zu tun

nerve

in cpdsNerven-;
nerve cell
nNervenzelle f
nerve centre, (US) nerve center
n (Anat) → Nervenzentrum nt; (fig also)Schaltstelle or -zentrale f
nerve ending
nNervende nt
nerve gas
nNervengas nt

nerve

[nɜːv]
1. n
a. (Anat) → nervo (Bot) → nervatura
she suffers from nerves → soffre di nervi
my nerves are on edge → ho i nervi tesi
a fit of nerves → una crisi di nervi
it/he gets on my nerves → mi dà ai nervi, mi fa venire i nervi
b. (fig) (courage) → coraggio; (calm) → sangue m freddo; (self-confidence) → fiducia in se stesso/a (fam) (impudence) → sfacciataggine f, faccia tosta
a man of nerve → un uomo che ha fegato
to lose one's nerve (self-confidence) → perdere la fiducia in se stesso/a
I lost my nerve (courage) → mi è mancato il coraggio
I hadn't the nerve to do it → non ho avuto il coraggio di farlo (cheek) → non ho avuto la faccia tosta di farlo
he's got a nerve! → ha una bella faccia tosta!
2. vt to nerve o.s. to do sthfarsi coraggio or animo per fare qc, armarsi di coraggio per fare qc

nerve

(nəːv) noun
1. one of the cords which carry messages between all parts of the body and the brain.
2. courage. He must have needed a lot of nerve to do that; He lost his nerve.
3. rudeness. What a nerve!
verb
to force (oneself) to have enough courage (to do something). He nerved himself to climb the high tower.
nerves noun plural
the condition of being too easily excited or upset. She suffers from nerves.
ˈnervous adjective
1. of the nerves. the nervous system.
2. rather afraid. She was nervous about travelling by air; a nervous old lady.
ˈnervously adverb
ˈnervousness noun
ˈnervy adjective
excitable. The horse is rather nervy.
ˈnerviness noun
ˈnerve-racking adjective
causing great anxiety or nervousness. a nerve-racking experience.
nervous breakdown
a period of mental illness caused by a time of great strain.
nervous system
the brain, spinal cord and nerves of a person or animal.
get on someone's nerves
to irritate someone. Her behaviour really gets on my nerves.

nerve

جُرْأَةٌ, عَصَبٌ nerv, odvaha mod, nerve Nerv, Unverfrorenheit νεύρο, τόλμη frescura, nervio, valor hermo, rohkeus courage, nerf drskost, živac nervo, sfacciataggine ずぶとさ, 神経 신경, 용기 lef, zenuw nerve, ureddhet nerw, pewność siebie nervo, ousadia нерв, смелость mod, nerv เส้นประสาท, ความกล้าหาญ cüret, sinir dây thần kinh, khí phách 神经, 胆量

nerve

n. nervio, cada una de las fibras libres o fibras en haz que conectan al cerebro y la médula espinal con otras partes y órganos del cuerpo;
___ blockbloqueo del ___;
___ cellsneuronas;
___ degenerationdegeneración nerviosa;
___ endingterminación del ___;
___ fiberfibra nerviosa;
___ tissuetejido nervioso;
pinched ______ pellizcado.

nerve

n nervio; acoustic — nervio auditivo; cranial — par m craneal facial — nervio facial; femoral — nervio crural or femoral; median — nervio mediano; optic — nervio óptico; phrenic — nervio frénico; pinched — (fam) nervio comprimido or atrapado; radial — nervio radial; sciatic — nervio ciático; spinal — nervio espinal; trigeminal — nervio trigémino; ulnar — nervio cubital; vagus — nervio vago
References in classic literature ?
Want of exercise robs them of cheerfulness, and too much devotion to that idol of American women, the teapot, makes them feel as if they were all nerve and no muscle.
Well, gracious sakes, she has a nerve," he muttered as he went along the street and passed a row of vacant lots where corn grew.
Maybe he thinks we have nerve to get here ahead of him," suggested Ned, smiling grimly.
By this time there wasn't a nerve in me that hadn't been twisted.
His person, though muscular, was rather attenuated than full; but every nerve and muscle appeared strung and indurated by unremitted exposure and toil.
You gotta hell of a nerve to come to see me," he commented cheerfully.
Its ugly and spiteful little din (heard now for the first time, perhaps, since Hepzibah's periwigged predecessor had retired from trade) at once set every nerve of her body in responsive and tumultuous vibration.
Dimmesdale, whose sensibility of nerve often produced the effect of spiritual intuition, would become vaguely aware that something inimical to his peace had thrust itself into relation with him.
I knew, nonetheless, exactly what dreadful face she had to show; and I wondered whether, if instead of being above I had been below, I should have had, for going up, the same nerve I had lately shown Quint.
One mile of such traveling, with a weight to draw and no firm footing, would take more out of us than four on a good road; every nerve and muscle of our bodies is on the strain to keep our balance; and, added to this, the fear of falling is more exhausting than anything else.
His companion explained the situation, and the lawyer took the paper and began to read it, while Jurgis stood clutching the desk with knotted hands, trembling in every nerve.
After the birth of little Harry, however, she had gradually become tranquillized and settled; and every bleeding tie and throbbing nerve, once more entwined with that little life, seemed to become sound and healthful, and Eliza was a happy woman up to the time that her husband was rudely torn from his kind employer, and brought under the iron sway of his legal owner.