neuron


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neuron

neu·ron

 (no͝or′ŏn′, nyo͝or′-)
n.
1. Any of the impulse-conducting cells that constitute the brain, spinal column, and nerves in vertebrates, consisting of a nucleated cell body with one or more dendrites and a single axon.
2. A similar impulse-conducting cell in invertebrates. In both senses also called nerve cell.

[Greek, sinew, string, nerve; see (s)neəu- in Indo-European roots.]

neu′ro·nal (no͝or′ə-nəl, nyo͝or′-, no͝o-rōn′l, nyo͝o-), neu·ron′ic adj.
neu′ro·nal·ly adv.

neu•ron

(ˈnʊər ɒn, ˈnyʊər-)

n.
a specialized, impulse-conducting cell that is the functional unit of the nervous system, consisting of the cell body and its processes, the axon and dendrites.
Also called nerve cell. Also, esp. Brit.,neu•rone (-oʊn)
[1880–85; < Greek neûron sinew, cord, nerve]
neu•ron•al (ˈnʊər ə nl, ˈnyʊər-, nʊˈroʊn l, nyʊ-) adj.

neu·ron

(no͝or′ŏn′)

neuron


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A cell that conveys electrochemical impulses. Neurons form the basic units of the nervous system. See axon, dendrites.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.neuron - a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulsesneuron - a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses
gangliocyte, ganglion cell - a nerve cell whose body is outside the central nervous system; "damage to ganglion cells in the retina may play a role in the development of glaucoma"
somatic cell, vegetative cell - any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive cells; a cell that does not participate in the production of gametes; "somatic cells are produced from preexisting cells";
nervous system, systema nervosum - the sensory and control apparatus consisting of a network of nerve cells
brain cell - a nerve cell in the brain
efferent neuron, motoneuron, motor nerve fiber, motor neuron - a neuron conducting impulses outwards from the brain or spinal cord
afferent neuron, sensory neuron - a neuron conducting impulses inwards to the brain or spinal cord
axon, axone - long nerve fiber that conducts away from the cell body of the neuron
dendrite - short fiber that conducts toward the cell body of the neuron
Translations

neuron

[ˈnjʊərɒn] Nneurona f

neuron

[ˈnjʊərɒn] neurone [ˈnjʊərəʊn] nneurone m

neuron

, neurone
n (Biol) → Neuron nt

neuron

[ˈnjʊərɒn] n (Bio) → neurone m

neu·ron

n. neurona, célula que constituye la unidad básica funcional del sistema nervioso.

neuron

n neurona
References in periodicals archive ?
A 7-day free trial and subscription to Happy Neuron provides full access to all of Happy Neuron's innovative games and tools.
PASADENA, Calif, March 25, 2013--When our noses pick up an odor, whether the scent of a rose or the sweat of someone working out at the gym, two types of sensory neurons are at work in sensing that odor or pheromone.
However, despite intensive investigation, the underlying mechanisms responsible for this are poorly understood, in part due to incomplete knowledge regarding leptin-responsive neurons.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Scientists said that they have found in a surprising and unexpected discovery that a single type of gene acts as a master organizer of motor neurons in the spinal cord.
Once these neurons were identified, researchers wanted to know if the patients could control each neuron by thinking about that certain person or object.
And some neuron groups could elicit multiple behaviors across animals or sometimes even in a single animal.
The study has been published by Cell Press in the journal Neuron.
The spiking neuron is capable to carry out some useful tasks of a multidimensional impulse patterns processing.
One approach for reducing the randomness of selecting adult rat and frog neuron for study is to take advantage of the broad-based morphological differences that can be seen under the light microscope.
In the lab, the group then tested each of these substances by applying them, one at a time, to mouse neurons in a dish.
Scientists discovered that for some unknown reason, people with PD have a progressive and significant loss of the brain's dopamine-making neurons.
What UCLA researchers found was that the more autistic symptoms a high-functioning autistic child demonstrated, the less his or her mirror neuron system functioned.