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 (no͝or′ŏn′, nyo͝or′-)
1. Any of the impulse-conducting cells that constitute the brain, spinal column, and nerves in vertebrates, consisting of a nucleated cell body with one or more dendrites and a single axon.
2. A similar impulse-conducting cell in invertebrates. In both senses also called nerve cell.

[Greek, sinew, string, nerve; see (s)neəu- in Indo-European roots.]

neu′ro·nal (no͝or′ə-nəl, nyo͝or′-, no͝o-rōn′l, nyo͝o-), neu·ron′ic adj.
neu′ro·nal·ly adv.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.neuronal - of or relating to neurons; "neural network"
References in periodicals archive ?
Hearing loss from overexposure to noise causes hair cell loss, severe damage to neuronal processes and slow degeneration of auditory neurons.
Positive effects include improvement of neuronal processes and cognitive function by modulating the neuronal membrane, which can affect membrane receptors, neurotransmission, signal transduction, and neural plasticity.
However, how the brain achieves transmodal integration facilitating individual recognition remains a mystery: Investigations in humans allowing direct access to site-specific neuronal processes are generally rare and have not focused on understanding neuronal multisensory integration for person recognition.
Scientifica's LASU is specifically suited to enhance the combination of electrophysiology, optogenetics and uncaging for advanced studies of neuronal processes.
Language, however, reflects the underlying mental processes, so we can perform linguistic analyses of the subjects' speech and use such information as a "bridge" between the neuronal processes and the subject's thoughts," explains neuroscientist Johanna Derix.
She considers habit in Montaigne, predestination in Pascal, Diderot's study of the deleterious effects of monastic life in The Nun, natural man and its constraints in Rousseau, Voltaire's criticism of equality, bad faith and the abdication of free-will in Sartre, the tyranny of unconscious desire in Freud, the manipulations of public opinion in Bernays, and the neuronal processes that neuroscientists say initiate decisions before we are fully conscious of them.
The reduction of the expression of the protein, called Rac1, then set in motion a cascade of events involved in structural plasticity of the brain-the shape and growth of neuronal processes in the brain.

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