neutralization

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neu·tral·i·za·tion

 (no͞o′trə-lĭ-zā′shən, nyo͞o′-)
n.
1.
a. The act or process of neutralizing.
b. The state or quality of being neutralized.
2. Chemistry A reaction between an acid and a base, usually yielding a salt and water.

neutralization

In mine warfare, a mine is said to be neutralized when it has been rendered, by external means, incapable of firing on passage of a target, although it may remain dangerous to handle.

neutralization

The reaction of an acid and a base forming a salt and water.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.neutralization - action intended to keep a country politically neutral or exclude it from a possible war; "the neutralization of Belgium"
nullification, override - the act of nullifying; making null and void; counteracting or overriding the effect or force of something
2.neutralization - a chemical reaction in which an acid and a base interact with the formation of a salt; with strong acids and bases the essential reaction is the combination of hydrogen ions with hydroxyl ions to form water
chemical reaction, reaction - (chemistry) a process in which one or more substances are changed into others; "there was a chemical reaction of the lime with the ground water"
3.neutralization - (euphemism) the removal of a threat by killing or destroying it (especially in a covert operation or military operation)
destruction, devastation - the termination of something by causing so much damage to it that it cannot be repaired or no longer exists
euphemism - an inoffensive or indirect expression that is substituted for one that is considered offensive or too harsh
4.neutralization - action intended to nullify the effects of some previous action
nullification, override - the act of nullifying; making null and void; counteracting or overriding the effect or force of something
Translations

neutralization

[ˌnjuːtrəlaɪˈzeɪʃən] Nneutralización f

neutralization

nNeutralisation f; (fig)Aufhebung f

neutralization

[ˌnjuːtrəlaɪˈzeɪʃn] nneutralizzazione f

neu·tral·i·za·tion

n. neutralización, proceso de anular o contrarrestar la acción de un agente.
References in periodicals archive ?
Correlation between ELISA, hemagglutination inhibition, and neutralization tests after vaccination against tick-borne encephalitis.
10) Neutralizing antibodies, detected by plaque reduction neutralization tests (PRNTs), become detectable concurrently with IgM but persist for years.
Plaque-reduction neutralization tests (3) indicated that patient A had been infected with Zika virus, dengue virus serotype 1, or both, but that patient B had been infected only with Zika virus.
More importantly, Asian CHIK V strain (1455/75) produced very little homologous antibodies to be useful in neutralization assays, whereas CHIK V strain 37997 of West Africa and CHIK V strain Ross of Central/East Africa produced adequate antibody titre and were used in 80 per cent plaque reduction neutralization tests (PRNT) indicating distinct antigenic subtypes which have >4-fold difference.
We conducted neutralization tests of culture supernatants of isolates from cases of avian botulism.
According to the WHO, virus neutralization tests in laboratories in Beijing and in Hong Kong -- at the Hong Kong University and the Chinese University of Hong Kong -- confirmed the diagnosis over the weekend after tests in southern China left the result unclear.
The human CoV-EMC/2012 strain was used for 50% tissue culture infectious dose assays, microneutralization assays, and plaque-reduction neutralization tests (PRNTs).
Review of diagnostic plaque reduction neutralization tests for flavivirus infection.
Serologic responses in 3 infected alpacas, as measured by virus neutralization tests and Luminex bead assays for selected sample days * Dpi Serologic test results VNT titer ([dagger]) Alpaca 1 Alpaca 2 Alpaca 3 0 Negative Negative Negative 3 Negative Negative Negative 5 Negative Negative Negative 7 Negative Negative Negative 10 Negative 1:40 * Negative 12 Negative 1:40 * Negative 14 Negative 1:40 * Negative 21 1:10 1:40 * Negative 24 1:20 * 1:20 * Negative 26 1:20 * 1:20 * Negative 28 1:20 * 1:20 * Negative 31 1:20 * 1:40 * Negative 33 1:10 1:20 * Negative 35 ([section]) 1:10 NA Negative Dpi Serologic test results No.
Data on 2 previously confirmed cases with INKV infection that occurred in 1976 and 1980 were included in the analysis; these cases had been confirmed with hemagglutination inhibition and neutralization tests, and full patient histories had been described previously (9).
The difference found in these reports (8,15) might result from the different virus strains used in the neutralization tests.
Comparative neutralization tests with related viruses were not performed, because we had previously found that murine antiserum developed against the other known phleboviruses in the United States--Sunday Canyon virus (7), Rio Grande virus (8), and Lone Star virus (9)--had no appreciable neutralizing activity against HRTV (Table 2).