nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide

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Related to nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide: nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate, adenosine triphosphate

nic·o·tin·a·mide adenine dinucleotide

 (nĭk′ə-tĭn′ə-mīd′, -tē′nə-)


nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide: a coenzyme, C21H27N7O14P2, involved in many cellular oxidation-reduction reactions.
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Noun1.nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide - a coenzyme present in most living cells and derived from the B vitamin nicotinic acid; serves as a reductant in various metabolic processes
coenzyme - a small molecule (not a protein but sometimes a vitamin) essential for the activity of some enzymes
References in periodicals archive ?
CD38 is the main nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD[sup]+)-glycohydrolase in mammals.
Hepatocyte nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate reduced oxidase 4 regulates stress signaling, fibrosis, and insulin sensitivity during development of steatohepatitis in mice.
Thus the supplementation of niacin reduced the incidence of ketosis in lactating dairy cows because niacin is a component of two important co-enzymes namely nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide and nicotinamide adenine phosphate.
The purine oxidation occurs at the Mo-co site, while the FAD site is the oxidized nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide ([NAD.
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are produced by oxidative phosphorylation, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase, xanthine oxidase, the uncoupling of lipoxygenases, cytochrome P450 mono-oxygenases and glucose autoxidation.
A portion of the mitochondrial nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) dehydrogenase subunit 1 (ND1; 1288 base pairs) gene was used at 2 spatial scales to investigate the population structure of dolphinfish.
Nicotinamide is an essential component of two nucleotide coenzymes, namely nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate, which are involved in biological reduction and many oxidation reactions [3, 4].
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase (Nox) is a multicomponent enzyme complex originally described in phagocytes [1].
It leads to the generation of NADPH (reduced form of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate) which keeps the hemoglobin (Hb) heme iron in the ferrous state.
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD): NAD is a molecule that binds with hydrogen atoms and becomes reduced NAD (NADH), during alcohol metabolism and other chemical reactions in the cell.
CK activity was determined spectrophotometrically by measuring nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate formed by hexokinase and the glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase coupled enzymatic system [9,10].
Using unique reagents from the Yagi group, the Felding team discovered that the balance of key metabolic cofactors processed by complex I-specifically, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) and NADH, the form it takes after accepting a key electron in the energy production cycle-was disturbed in aggressive breast cancer cells.

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