in 1971 called the "Negro-to-Black Conversion Experience" (which later became Nigrescence
theory meaning the transition into an African person) related to the latter.
Discourse on African American/Black identity: Engaging the expanded nigrescence
theory with a diasporic consciousness.
Drawing from Cross's (1991) stage theory of Nigrescence
, Helms's (1990, 1995) theory possesses six statuses, each reflective of unique race-related attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors.
As illustrated in Cross' (1971) Nigrescence
Theory it is fundamental that Black students first develop a "healthy" Black identity to further support the development of Black self-actualization.
William Cross's Nigrescence
theory of black identity development was used to help members process incidents of racial discrimination as well as their feelings toward whites, the United States, and black people as a group.
2000) is an instrument that measures racial attitudes determined by the Expanded Nigrescence
theory (Cross & Vandiver, 2001).
Conceptions of it that might be applied to the transracial adoptee population include: (1) models of nigrescence
, or the process of becoming black, and the various applications of this theory to other groups (Cross Jr, 1995; Helms, 1995); (2) ethnic identity development (Casas and Pytluk, 1995); (3) biracial identity development (Cohen and Ponterotto, 1995); and (4) racial identity in people adopted transracially (Alexander and Curtis, 1996; Baden, 2002).
revisited; Introduction and overview.
Downing and Roush (1985) introduced the only model of feminist identity development for women which consists of five stages and was heavily based on Cross' (1971) model of psychological Nigrescence
We are thus facilitated on an exploration into realizations of Rastafari as both destination and ongoing process in the context of nigrescence
Theory: One Theory of Black Racial Identity
Career development and African Americans: A contextual reappraisal using the nigrescence