nitrofuran


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ni·tro·fu·ran

 (nī′trō-fyo͝or′ăn′, -fyo͝o-răn′)
n.
Any of several drugs derived from furan that are used to inhibit bacterial growth.

nitrofuran

(ˌnaɪtrəʊˈfjʊəræn)
n
(Chemistry) chem an antibacterial drug that is a nitro derivative of furan
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.nitrofuran - derivative of furan used to inhibit bacterial growth
Macrodantin, nitrofurantoin - derivative of nitrofuran used as an antibacterial medicine (trade name Macrodantin) effective against a broad range of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria; used to treat infections of the urinary tract
furan, furane, furfuran - a colorless toxic flammable liquid used in the synthesis of nylon
References in periodicals archive ?
aureus isolate(s) from each positive nasal swab were tested for susceptibility to the following 12 classes of antibiotics: aminoglycosides, beta-lactams, cephalosporins, fluoroquinolones, lincosamides, macrolides, oxazolidinones, rifamycin, streptogramins, sulfonamide, nitrofuran, and tetracyclines (see Table S1).
Nitrofuran antibiotics were ed from use in the uropean Union (EU) in 1995 because of concerns that their residues were carcinogenic.
Nitrofuran drugs as common subversive substrates of Trypanosoma cruzi lipoamide dehydrogenase and trypanothione reductase.
Furazolidone is a synthetic nitrofuran derivative with bactericidal and enzyme inhibitory activity when used against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and it is well absorbed in the intestine (95%) and has rapid distribution and metabolism.
In vitro activity of nitrofuran derivatives on growth and morphology of Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis.
What about those tiger prawns from south east Asia that contained residues of illegal, carcinogenic nitrofuran drugs?
April 16 - The European Commission has confirmed it is considering imposing emergency measures on shellfish imports from India following repeated cases of contamination of shrimp and other aquaculture products with residues of the banned antibiotic nitrofuran.
A meeting of the EC's Standing Committee on Food Chain and Animal Health (SCoFCAH) last week issued a draft decision that, if approved, would mean all shellfish shipments from India intended for use in food or animal feed would be obliged to carry analytical test results confirming the product is free from nitrofuran residues.
A shrimp firm in Bangladesh that had won a national export award earlier last year was shut down in October by the authorities after Belgian import inspectors found nitrofuran, a banned antibiotic, in one of its shipments.
Earlier this month, Hong Kong's Food Safety Center found carcinogenic chemicals including nitrofuran and malachite green in three of 19 samples of the company's canned pork meat.
On June 28, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) banned the import of certain fish species from China because of possible contamination with drugs and unsafe food additives--including nitrofuran, malachite green and chloramphenicol--which are prohibited in food products for human consumption.