Yet they consistently have shown that symptoms improve with a nondeceptive
placebo, and improve to a greater extent than with no treatment.
Like a human source, a machine source might utter information that is inarticulate in a way that leads an observer to draw the wrong inference, even if the machine is otherwise nondeceptive
and well designed to render an accurate claim.
By leveraging the variety of inflation indicators available at the time, we cross-randomized, in a nondeceptive
way, two features of the message that was provided to subjects: the source of the inflation statistics (official and unofficial), and the inflation rate (10, 20, or 30 percent).
113) The Ninth Circuit noted, however, that it is not holding the label is nondeceptive
, but rather it is deferring to the FDA.
Deceptive and nondeceptive
consequences of evaluative advertising.
101) while Bates did suggest that laws short of a flat ban might have survived scrutiny, consistent with the fit requirement in Central Hudson, it nowhere suggested that to survive a law could only go so far as "necessary" to achieve a substantial public interest, but instead simply acknowledged that "many of the problems in defining the boundary between deceptive and nondeceptive
advertising remain to be resolved," and even suggested that laws might constitutionally restrict advertisements of the "quality of services" where the quality could not be measured or verified.
engage in legitimate, nondeceptive
messaging unrelated to informedness.
The reader may recall that the work of Kirsch and his co-workers originally supported the view of hypnosis as being explained solely on the basis of expectancies and the nondeceptive
placebo effect (Accardi et al.
dissenting) ("Our cases require something more than a few pages of self-serving and unsupported statements by the State to demonstrate that a regulation directly and materially advances the elimination of a real harm when the State seeks to suppress truthful and nondeceptive
48) Rejecting unsupported assertions that images are inherently more likely to mislead, manipulate, and confuse consumers, Zauderer held that the state cannot restrict a commercial entity's ability to publish an "accurate and nondeceptive
144) Reversing its previous hostility to comparative advertising, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) issued an influential report in the 1970s that determined: "Comparative advertising, when truthful and nondeceptive
, is a source of important information to consumers and assists them in making rational purchase decisions.
However, this study partially uses the TRA (Fishbein, Ajzen 1975) to explain how WOM, ethical and legal sensitivities influence consumers' attitudes toward nondeceptive