Together with a very plausible principle governing the acquisition of knowledge by nondeductive
inference based on evidence, K [not subset or equal to] E leads, in a sorites-like fashion, to what would seem a series of unacceptably bootstrapping expansions of one's evidence.
Another perspective would be that of viewing a deduction problem as an information retrieval or binary classification problem, and then applying nondeductive
techniques to solve this task (Hitzler and van Harmelen 2010).
124) This rendering in the classic tradition of praxis as a nondeductive
and nonrepresentational form of knowledge had profound consequences for modern perspectives on the nature and meanings of social practices.
She defines it as "a nondeductive
comparative type of practical reasoning that is carried on in cooperation with others.
Unofficially, as one can tell from a careful reading of "Logical Empiricism" and related essays, he actually found both observation and nondeductive
forms of inference troubling in various respects, and his concern with problems related to them and to what he called semantic realism resulted in vigorous and productive discussions among the staff of and visitors to his Center for Philosophy of Science in the late fifties.
Expanding their material on cooperative enterprise, nondeductive
arguments and information technology, Cederblom (U.
Although it superficially resembles both induction and deduction, conduction is described more accurately as a nondeductive
, a priori, particularist way of arguing "in which (1) a conclusion about some individual case (2) is drawn nonconclusively (3) from one or more premises about the same case (4) without any appeal to other cases" (p.
It construes prediction as deduction; yet, many predictions involve nondeductive
The statistical view of prior knowledge also provides no way of making sense of operations that are nondeductive
- it cannot, for example, make sense of its very own use of the "juror as statistician" metaphor, because creating or invoking metaphors is not an operation in statistical theory.
83) Both understandings give a central role to nondeductive
reasoning and judgments arising from the decisionmaker's background experience.
Moreover he is trying to help usher in a worldview shift, which is messy, nondeductive
In 1965 Gilbert Harman argued that reasoning and evidence evaluation was best understood through the model of "inference to the best explanation" and further that this model was "the basic form of nondeductive