In this Papuan language the nonfinite
"general subordinate clause" retains the subject AGR suffix, but loses the outermost object AGR suffix, which is "displaced by the linking clitic" (Bruce 1984: 266).
If it precedes the first nonfinite
verb, it is analyzed as the subject and the sentence-initial NP is cast in the role of a nonsubject (2b).
distinction is the decisive factor, in the sense that clitics immediately precede the finite verb, but they immediately follow the nonfinite
verb, like gli 'to him', in Modern Italian, cf.
English has a variety of adverbial clauses, which, on formal grounds, may be divided into three basic types: (i) finite adverbial clauses (see example ), (ii) nonfinite
adverbial clauses (which comprise participial and infinitival constructions) (see example ), and (iii) verbless adverbial clauses (see example ) (cf.
First of all, maximal integration--referred to as "embedding" by Lehmann or "subordination" by Hopper and Traugott--is standardly associated with the shift from finite to nonfinite
If our arguments are on the right track and [[+ or -] control] is one of the factors which determines the thetic/categorical construal of finite constructions, then it is not unnatural to extend the same reasoning to nonfinite
constructions, such as the complements of the perception verb in (90) above, and to subevents of complex events.
subjunctive distinction, and (ii) the disappearance of the infinitive and all the nonfinite
forms in complementation, which strengthened the syntactic importance of the distinction between indicative and subjunctive by offering new environments for its occurrence.
The differentiation between finite and nonfinite
forms is among the most complex domains of grammatical description.
Regarding the morphological status of the infinitive-marked verbs, it has been argued that particle verbs occur more often in nonfinite
form than verbs without a particle (Jordens 2000: 23).
The results indicate that children learn the licensing conditions for subjects in this period, going through phases in which they overdrop subjects in finite sentences and overuse subjects in nonfinite
Se's inferential dependence is (paradoxically) most apparent when it is cliticized to nonfinite
forms, where the identity, the existence, and even the relevance of a specific p.
These constructions consist of a main verb marked by a nonfinite
ending (-ko or -a/e in Korean and -te in Japanese), and an additional verbal element that comes from a closed set of approximately fifteen auxiliary verbs in each language.