effects of vitamin D: an Endocrine Society scientific statement.
problems in preadolescent children: preventive and interceptive treatment in family practice.
Most BTMs are present in type I collagen in nonskeletal
tissues, therefore disease processes involving matrix remodeling in other tissues, such as systemic sclerosis, congestive heart failure, or dilated cardiomyopathy have been shown to increase BTM concentrations (35-37).
Skeletal and nonskeletal
effects of vitamin D: is vitamin D a tonic for bone and other tissues?
Unilateral absence is associated with other skeletal and nonskeletal
congenital anomalies in 57% of cases [1, 4-6], including at least one case associated with VATER complex (vertebral defects, anal atresia, tracheoesophageal fistula with esophageal atresia, and radial and renal anomalies) .
Treatment of moderate nonskeletal
problems in preadolescent children.
Most relationships reported to date between serum 25(OH)D levels and nonskeletal
disorders are associations and not proven yet to have a cause-effect relationships.
These recent findings have increased interest in vitamin D status and its link to several nonskeletal
In addition to dental and skeletal fluorosis, Sucheela says, a third form, nonskeletal
fluorosis, is important to recognize because health complaints associated with it denote the early onset of the disease, when prevention is still possible.
He discusses the clinical and biologic principles of treatment, including its necessity and advantages, its rationale, related controversies, the development of the dentition and dental occlusion, and examination, early detection, and treatment planning; the ontogeny, diagnosis, early detection, and treatment of nonskeletal
problems like space management, incisor crowding, abnormal oral habits, abnormal frenum attachment, and eruption problems; and treatment of dentoskeletal problems like anterior and posterior crossbites, malocclusions, and open and deep bites.
In addition to promoting optimal skeletal health in a child, vitamin D influences numerous nonskeletal
functions within the body, such as promoting a healthy immune system, regulation of insulin activity and blood sugar balance, and cardiovascular health.
However, in the past decade there has been a revived interest in vitamin D, as it is thought to be associated with various nonskeletal