The study included 103 former smokers with chronic sinusitis and 103 nonsmoker
sinusitis patients who completed questionnaires about their symptom severity, use of sinusitis medications, and quality of life.
On each trial, the terms smoker and nonsmoker
appeared with a social acceptance or rejection word, and 13 adolescent participants (five smokers and eight nonsmokers
) selected either similar or opposite.
The investigators used cohort data to classify each individual as a smoker or a nonsmoker
15,16] Also in the present study, in the nonsmoker
group, females were more than males.
In Wisconsin, for example, a single male nonsmoker
, age 30, could pay $468 per year for a plan with a $3,500 annual deductible, a $4,500 out-of-pocket maximum, and a 20 percent coinsurance rate.
These PET (position emission tomography) scans show the concentration of an important enzyme, MAO B, in the internal organs of a smoker and a nonsmoker
Assessments of hypothetical male and female current smokers, a former smoker, and a nonsmoker
revealed that smokers were viewed as less intelligent, creative, independent, conscientious, ambitious, and considerate, as having poorer judgment, and as more hostile than their nonsmoking counterparts.
Regarding smoking status, one inclusionary criterion for our study was to be a nonsmoker
and live with nonsmokers
; thus smoking is not an important indoor source of particles in these residences.
You are much more likely to get lung cancer than a nonsmoker
Tukey tests indicated that the only difference which approached statistical significance was that between smokers' judgements of the average smoker and smokers' judgements of the average nonsmoker
, (5) For non-smokers, there was a significant difference among their ratings of themselves, the average smoker, and the average non-smoker (F(2,236) = 20.
Expanded support for the rights of the nonsmoker
(even from smokers);
Sidestream smoke - which a nonsmoker
inhales whenever he's around someone who's smoking - actually has higher concentrations of some harmful compounds than the mainstream smoke inhaled by the smoker.