attrition(redirected from normal wear and tear)
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1. A rubbing away or wearing down by friction.
a. A gradual reduction in number or strength because of stress or military action.
b. A gradual reduction in personnel or membership because of resignation, retirement, or death, often viewed in contrast to reduction from layoffs.
3. Roman Catholic Church Repentance for sin motivated by fear of punishment rather than by love of God.
[Middle English attricioun, regret, breaking, from Old French attrition, abrasion, from Late Latin attrītiō, attrītiōn-, act of rubbing against, from Latin attrītus, past participle of atterere, to rub against : ad-, against; see ad- + terere, to rub; see terə- in Indo-European roots.]
1. the act of wearing away or the state of being worn away, as by friction
2. constant wearing down to weaken or destroy (often in the phrase war of attrition)
3. (Industrial Relations & HR Terms) Also called: natural wastage a decrease in the size of the workforce of an organization achieved by not replacing employees who retire or resign
4. (Physical Geography) geography the grinding down of rock particles by friction during transportation by water, wind, or ice. Compare abrasion3, corrasion
5. (Theology) theol sorrow for sin arising from fear of damnation, esp as contrasted with contrition, which arises purely from love of God
[C14: from Late Latin attrītiō a rubbing against something, from Latin atterere to weaken, from terere to rub]
1. a reduction or decrease in numbers, size, or strength.
2. a wearing down or weakening of resistance, esp. as a result of continuous pressure or harassment: a war of attrition.
3. a gradual reduction in work force as when workers retire and are not replaced.
4. the act of rubbing against something; friction.
5. a wearing down or away by friction; abrasion.
[1325–75; Middle English < Latin attrītiō friction]
at•tri′tive (əˈtraɪ tɪv) adj.
The reduction of the effectiveness of a force caused by loss of personnel and materiel.
Switch to new thesaurus
|Noun||1.||attrition - erosion by friction|
|2.||attrition - the wearing down of rock particles by friction due to water or wind or ice|
|3.||attrition - sorrow for sin arising from fear of damnation|
|4.||attrition - a wearing down to weaken or destroy; "a war of attrition"|
|5.||attrition - the act of rubbing together; wearing something down by friction|
war of attrition → guerre f d'usure