not only

not only

1. used with 'but' or 'but also'

You use not only to link two words or phrases that refer to things, actions, or situations. You put not only in front of the first word or group, and but or but also in front of the second one. The second thing is usually more surprising, interesting, or important than the first one.

The government radio not only reported the demonstration, but announced it in advance.
We asked not only what the children had learnt but also how they had learnt it.
2. used with a pronoun

When you are linking phrases that begin with a verb, you can omit 'but' or 'but also' and use a personal pronoun instead. For example, instead of saying 'Margaret not only came to the party but brought her aunt as well', you can say 'Margaret not only came to the party, she brought her aunt as well'.

Her interest in this work not only continued, it increased.
3. putting 'not only' first

For emphasis, you can put not only first, followed by an auxiliary verb or be, then the subject, then the main verb.

Not only did they send home large amounts, but they also saved money.
Not only do they rarely go on school trips, they rarely, if ever, leave Brooklyn.

Not only must come first when you are linking two clauses which have different subjects.

Not only were the local people old, but the women still dressed in long black dresses.
Not only were many of the roads closed, many bridges had also been blown up.
References in classic literature ?
There is Gorgias of Leontium, and Prodicus of Ceos, and Hippias of Elis, who go the round of the cities, and are able to persuade the young men to leave their own citizens by whom they might be taught for nothing, and come to them whom they not only pay, but are thankful if they may be allowed to pay them.
For if you die I shall not only lose a friend who can never be replaced, but there is another evil: people who do not know you and me will believe that I might have saved you if I had been willing to give money, but that I did not care.
And indeed, I am ashamed not only of you, but of us who are your friends, when I reflect that the whole business will be attributed entirely to our want of courage.
I am delighted, Thrasymachus, to see you not only nodding assent and dissent, but making answers which are quite excellent.
Because the Romans did in these instances what all prudent princes ought to do, who have to regard not only present troubles, but also future ones, for which they must prepare with every energy, because, when foreseen, it is easy to remedy them; but if you wait until they approach, the medicine is no longer in time because the malady has become incurable; for it happens in this, as the physicians say it happens in hectic fever, that in the beginning of the malady it is easy to cure but difficult to detect, but in the course of time, not having been either detected or treated in the beginning, it becomes easy to detect but difficult to cure.
SOCRATES: Not only that, my dear boy, but you may say further that I have never known of any one else who did, in my judgment.
And then he might put the question in another form: Meno, he might say, what is that 'simile in multis' which you call figure, and which includes not only round and straight figures, but all?
But if we were friends, and were talking as you and I are now, I should reply in a milder strain and more in the dialectician's vein; that is to say, I should not only speak the truth, but I should make use of premisses which the person interrogated would be willing to admit.
It not only divided States and churches, it divides families; ay, it divides the individual, separating the diabolical in him from the divine.
First of all, let me say at the beginning that I have studied not only physics but also geology and paleontology at Harvard, and so it is with this background that I reject the ordinary understanding of the Darwinian theory of evolution even on scientific grounds.
They have not only left him; they watch and hope for his downfall (20:10).
35 significant purpose provisions) applies not only to significant tax issues, but also covers "one or more Federal tax issues.