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nu·cle·ic acid(no͞o-klē′ĭk, -klā′-, nyo͞o-)
Any of a class of large molecules that are polymers of nucleotides and are found in all living organisms and viruses. The principal nucleic acids, DNA and RNA, are the carriers of hereditary information and control the synthesis of proteins.
nucleic acid(njuːˈkliːɪk; -ˈkleɪ-)
nu•cle′ic ac′id(nuˈkli ɪk, -ˈkleɪ-, nyu-)
any of a group of long, linear macromolecules, either DNA or various types of RNA, that carry genetic information directing all cellular functions: composed of linked nucleotides.
Any of a group of organic compounds found in living cells and viruses that control the hereditary material of a cell or virus by regulating the synthesis of proteins. The two main nucleic acids are DNA and RNA.
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|Noun||1.||nucleic acid - (biochemistry) any of various macromolecules composed of nucleotide chains that are vital constituents of all living cells|
biochemistry - the organic chemistry of compounds and processes occurring in organisms; the effort to understand biology within the context of chemistry
deoxyribonucleic acid, desoxyribonucleic acid, DNA - (biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix; associated with the transmission of genetic information; "DNA is the king of molecules"
ribonucleic acid, RNA - (biochemistry) a long linear polymer of nucleotides found in the nucleus but mainly in the cytoplasm of a cell where it is associated with microsomes; it transmits genetic information from DNA to the cytoplasm and controls certain chemical processes in the cell; "ribonucleic acid is the genetic material of some viruses"