nucleotide


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nu·cle·o·tide

 (no͞o′klē-ə-tīd′, nyo͞o′-)
n.
Any of a group of compounds consisting of a nucleoside combined with a phosphate group and constituting the units that make up DNA and RNA molecules.

[Alteration of nucleoside.]

nucleotide

(ˈnjuːklɪəˌtaɪd)
n
(Biochemistry) biochem a compound consisting of a nucleoside linked to phosphoric acid. Nucleic acids are made up of long chains (polynucleotides) of such compounds
[C20: from nucleo- + t (added for ease of pronunciation) + -ide]

nu•cle•o•tide

(ˈnu kli əˌtaɪd, ˈnyu-)

n.
any of a group of molecules that, when linked together, form the building blocks of DNA or RNA: in DNA the group comprises a phosphate group, the bases adenine, cytosine, guanine, and thymine, and a pentose sugar; in RNA the thymine base is replaced by uracil.
[< German Nucleotid (1908)]

nu·cle·o·tide

(no͞o′klē-ə-tīd′)
Any of a group of organic compounds composed of one of several nitrogen bases linked to a sugar and a phosphate group. The nucleic acids DNA and RNA are made up of chains of nucleotides. See Note at DNA.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.nucleotide - a phosphoric ester of a nucleosidenucleotide - a phosphoric ester of a nucleoside; the basic structural unit of nucleic acids (DNA or RNA)
base pair - one of the pairs of chemical bases joined by hydrogen bonds that connect the complementary strands of a DNA molecule or of an RNA molecule that has two strands; the base pairs are adenine with thymine and guanine with cytosine in DNA and adenine with uracil and guanine with cytosine in RNA
adenosine monophosphate, adenylic acid, AMP - a nucleotide found in muscle cells and important in metabolism; reversibly convertible to ADP and ATP
adenosine diphosphate, ADP - an ester of adenosine that is converted to ATP for energy storage
adenosine triphosphate, ATP - a nucleotide derived from adenosine that occurs in muscle tissue; the major source of energy for cellular reactions
deoxyadenosine monophosphate, A - one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose)
deoxycytidine monophosphate, C - one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose)
deoxyguanosine monophosphate, G - one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose)
deoxythymidine monophosphate, T - one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose)
ester - formed by reaction between an acid and an alcohol with elimination of water
muton - the smallest unit of DNA where a mutation can occur
U, uracil - a base containing nitrogen that is found in RNA (but not in DNA) and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with adenine
Translations
nukleotidi
nucléotide
ヌクレオチド
nucleotídeo
nucleotide

nu·cle·o·tide

n. nucleótido, unidad estructural de ácido nucleico.
References in periodicals archive ?
Diagnostic research along with pharmaceutical applications dominated the nucleotide market owning to properties including enhanced immunity, positive effects on the intestines and positive effects of recovery from stress.
Compared with other RV species, the US RVH VP6 sequences shared the highest nucleotide and amino acid identities with RVG (51%-53% and 39%-41%, respectively) and RVB (47%-52% and 34%-39%, respectively) (Table 2).
It consists of four chemical units in DNA, sometimes called nucleotides or bases, that are usually represented by the letters A, C, G and T.
Global demand for nucleotides in fiscal 2009, meanwhile, was approximately 23,000 tons, according to the company estimates.
Sphaerospermum are clustered together which prove their close relationship and agreed with the results of the nucleotide differences.
Comment: Nucleotides are nitrogenous compounds present in breast milk that are thought to be important for growth, repair, and differentiation of the gastrointestinal tract.
the number of documents in which each nucleotide occurs.
Show students that a nucleotide's phosphate group attaches to its sugar's 5 prime (5') carbon, while its 3 prime (3') carbon serves as the link connecting the next nucleotide in the chain.
Only a fraction of the variation that exists has minor allele frequencies (MAF) exceeding l%, and these are referred to as single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs).
Ajinomoto said nucleotide seasonings produce ''robust'' flavor when used in combination with monosodium glutamate.
The proprietary nucleotide analogs contained in these unique formulations control accurate base-by-base extension through chemical means.
com/research/8mc2wf/global_and) has announced the addition of the "Global and Chinese Nucleotide Industry Report 2014" report to their offering.